View desktop site. This result is in accordance with the activity series. 1, predict the theoretical mass of aluminum that reacted. Calculate the experimental (actual) yield … Rules for assigning oxidation numbers. copper(II) chloride are converted to copper metal, and aluminum metal is converted to aluminum cations in aluminum chloride, which is soluble in water. 1) HClO 2) HCl 3) Cl 2 4) HClO 2 4. 3. In which substance does chlorine have an oxidation number of +1? We get: 2 + x - 6 = 0 (we look on the complete compound now) x - four = 0 x = 4 So Sn has an oxidation number of +4 5. The aluminium chloride then hydrolyses to give AlCl3 hexahydrate which is colourless and acidic explanation here . Copper II chloride dissolved in water and solid aluminum produce aluminum chloride and copper ... 3CuCl2 + 2Al -----> 2AlCl3 + 3Cu. {eq}2Al(s) + 3CuCl_2(aq) \to 2AlCl_3(aq) + 3Cu(s) {/eq} 2Al + 3CuCl2 -> 3Cu . Denoting Mn's state as x, we get: 2 +x - eight = 0 x - 6 = 0 x = 6 So Mn has an oxidation … 2Al + 3CuCl2 -> 3Cu + 2AlCl3 The aluminum on the reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the CuClw weighs 1.69 grams. In redox reactions, the oxidation numbers of the oxidized/reduced atoms change. 3CuCl2 (s) + 2Al (s)---> 2AlCl3 (aq) + 3Cu (s) Would it be 3CuCl2 + 2Al ---> 2Al + 2Cl3 + 3Cu or 3CuCl2 + 2Al ---> 2Al + 6Cl + 3Cu or something completely different? Determine the volume of a solid gold thing which weights 500 grams? Language: ru es en. Get your answers by asking now. Using the mass of copper recovered (in data section) and the stoichiometry given in Eq. 3CuCl2 *2H2O + 2Al = 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O Determine the number of grams that should have been produced when 1.25g of copper (2) chloride dehydrate reacts with excess aluminum so i'm not really sure how you're supposed to calculate the number of grams with . Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg. B) 3CuCl₂ + 2Al ---> 2AlCl₃ + 3Cu . Compare the amount of aluminum you predict in question #8 with the amount you determined experimentally (see data section); find the percent error. Percent yield of copper metal (5 pts., includes accuracy) Show work: 5. Mass of filter paper and watchglass 55.074g 6. Further inquiry of aluminum (6 pts. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Mass of copper recovered 1.3799 Data Analysis and Results (20 pts. Pour off as much of the rinse water as possible. That's reduction. ... 5.0 out of 5 / number … In which substance does … 3CuCl2(aq) + 2Al(s) + 3Cu(s) + 2AlCl3(aq) (Equation 1) This type of reaction is known as an oxidation-reduction reaction, since the oxidation st ch metals involved changes. asked by julie on November 27, 2014; … 10.Which half-reaction correctly represents oxidation? ! Oxidation Number: The definition of oxidation and reduction as applied to different reactions: Mole of CuCl2 dissolved Show work: 2. 6. You can sign in to vote the answer. :) A. decomposition B. double displacement C. single displacement D. synthesis which type of reaction is 2al+3cucl2-----2alcl3+3cu.  What is the value of the equilibrium constant (Kc) at 430℃ for the formation of HI according to the following equation? ? This is your theoretical yield since you calculated it based on the amount of Al which you had. 7. 3 pts. That is . I went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests. numbers are assigned on a per atom basis. What is the empirical formula of a compound with 1.20% H, 42.00% Cl, and 56.80% O? during extraction of a metal the ore is roasted if it is a? Cover the beaker containing the wet copper with a watch glass and gently heat the beaker on a hot plate to dry the copper. During this reaction, the oxidation number of Zn changes from 1) +2 to 0 2) 0 to –2 3) –2 to 0 4) 0 to +2 3. Oxidation numbers are an accounting system that represents the "charge" on atoms. 8. equal number of electrons (no electrons lost or gained overall) Oxidation Al Al3+ + 3e-Reduction Cu2+ + 2e-Cu 3 electrons here 2 electrons here 2Al(s) + 3Cu2+(aq) 3Cu(s) + 2Al3+ (aq) to balance we need equal number of electrons easiest to stick with whole numbers Thus we need oxidation half reaction x 2 reduction half … hope this helps..!! P.S./CHEMISTRY P.S./CHEMISTRY The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING CHEMISTRY Tuesday, June 25, 2019 — 9:15 a.m to 12:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications device is strictly prohibited when Aluminum had an initial oxidation number of zero and lost electrons to become alu (Al3+) in AlCl3. What is the oxidation number of chromium in K 2 Cr 2 O 7? © 2003-2020 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. Should I call the police on then? Also write proper units and correct number of significant digits. These processes can be summarized by the chemical equations below: Cu2+ + 2e - → Cuº Alº → A13+ + 3e- (Equation 2) (Equation 3) Privacy (0 --> +2) Cu … Mass of aluminum that reacted 0.309g 5. Mass of filter paper, watchglass, and copper 56.453g 7. How do you think about the answers? You can find examples of usage on the Divide the redox reaction into two half-reactions page. - bottom of family reacts so vigorously … It said to find the theoricital yield. Thus, the oxidation number increases for Fe (it loses electrons), and it is oxidized. Ox. Here also the number of atoms of an element should remain conserved on both sides, So the answer is option B. Determine the initial and equilibrium concentrations of HI at 430oC if the initial concentration of H2 and I2 are 0.016 M, and equilibrium c? Theoretical yield of copper in grams (expected to be obtained) Show work: 4. | 1. Given the balanced ionic equation representing a reaction: 2Al3+ (aq) + 3Mg(s) 3Mg 2+ (aq) + 2Al(s) In this reaction, electrons are transferred from (1) Al to Mg 2+ (2) Al3+ to Mg (3) Mg to Al3+ (4) Mg 2+ to Al 10. As you can see, copper in CuCl2 has an oxidation number of +2, while d on the product side has an oxidation number of zero. In the reaction 3CuCl2(aq) + 2Al(s) ----> 3 Cu(s) + 2 AlCl3(aq), the amount of Al required to produce 42.4 g of Cu is PLEASE SHOW WORK. For example copper goes from +2 to 0. 3CuCl 2 + 2Al → 2AlCl 3 + 3Cu [ Check the balance ] Copper chloride react with aluminium to produce aluminum chloride and copper. Copper chloride react with aluminium. & 2Al(s) + 3CuCl 2 (aq) → 2AlCl 3 (aq) + 3Cu(s) Equation 1 … Terms Copper chloride react with aluminium to produce aluminum chloride and copper. The pH of a 0.250-M solution of sodium nitrite, NaNO2, is 8.37. consider the reaction, 2Al(OH)3+3H2SO4--- … Aluminum had an initial oxidation number of zero and lost electrons to become alu (Al3+) in AlCl3. Mole of copper, Cu(s), expected to be formed (Eq.2 or 4) Show work: Iron is above copper in the series, so will be more likely to form Fe 2 + while converting the Cu 2 + to metallic copper ( Cu 0). Maybe what I'm asking is do you write subscripts on the net ionic equation or do you total the molecules in the coefficient? What is the oxidation number of … Please balance this equation, and write the net ionic equation for the reaction that produced copper. Determine the complete ionic equation and the net ionic equation for the following reaction, and describe how you came to these conclusions. The chief was seen coughing and not wearing a mask. the relative amount of the substance in comparison to the other reactants and products Balance the word equation, solid calcium chloride plus sodium metal yields sodium chloride plus calcium powder. 2 ; View Full Answer Ths reaction is called the Displacement Recation, since it displaces al displaces the cu which is lower in the reactive series from its salt solution..!! The oxidation number of a free element … Expert Answer . Experimental Yield Theoretical Yield * 100% = Percent Yield% (Equation 4) Even a change from -2 to -4 is a reduction (you're still making the number smaller). Mass of beaker:54.31g Mass of aluminum foil:0.40g Mass of beaker + copper + h2O:55.41g use the following balanced chemical equation to calculate the theoretical yield of copper: 3CuCl2 + 2Al --> 3u + 2AlCl3 pleaseee helpp! Determine the Ka of nitrous acid, HNO3. . Simply saying human error is not a valid error. Did I do this right? The oxidation state (also called oxidation number) of a metal ion i the charge of the ion. Now, change the number of moles of Cu to a mass by multiplying by the molar mass of Cu: 0.01173 moles * 63.54 g/mol = 0.7453 g copper So the expected mass of copper yielded is 0.7453 g. The percentage yield is obtained by dividing the amount of copper you actually get by the amount of copper you … I did a lab where I put Copper (II) Chloride in water with Alumnim. Mass of copper(II) chloride, CuCl2 3.2399 2. Calculate the theoretical yield of aluminum chloride. Write the word equation for 2Al(s) + 3CuCl2(aq) --> 3Cu(s) + 2AlCl3(aq)? The brown substance is copper dust produced by the reaction 2Al + 3CuCl2 -> 3Cu + 2AlCl3. 1) +6 2) +3 3) +12 4) +2 5. 3CuCl2 *2H2O + 2Al = 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O Determine the number of grams that should have been produced when 1.25g of copper (2) chloride dehydrate reacts with excess aluminum so i'm not really sure how you're supposed to calculate the number of grams with . Log in: Chemical reactions Сhemical tables. Unless otherwise noted, 3 points for each question): Answer each of the following questions. As you can see, copper in CuCl2 has an oxidation number of +2, while d on the product side has an oxidation number of zero. Mg is in the equal group as Ca. - real example: 3CuCl2 + 2Al 2AlCl3 + 3Cu - aluminum foil placed in solution of copper chloride - copper is replaced by aluminum - more _____ element replaces the less _____ one - Ex.- all alkali metals react with H2O - metal replaces H in H2O - produces H2, OH-, KOH, LiOH, NaOH, etc. Show work below: 8. In contrast, when a piece of copper metal is placed in a solution of aluminum chloride, no reaction takes place (Equation 2). Use complete sentences and discuss at least two possible courses of errors and how they would affect the calculated values. Therefore, copper had to gain electrons 5 change. The number in front of a chemical formula, called the coefficient, in a chemical equation _____. Carefully transfer the copper to a beaker and rinse the copper with water. Show all work, calculations, unit factors, etc. Log in or register to post comments; Similar Questions. the following reaction occurs: 2Al (s) + 3Cu2+ --> 2Al3+ + 3Cu (s) The aluminum switches places with the copper in copper chloride. Which leaves Sn unknown, which we denote as x. for each question.) Answer Save Therefore, copper had to gain electrons 5 change. Copper(II) Chloride Copper Chloride Copper(2+) Chloride Cupric Chloride Anhydrous Coclor Copper(II) Chloride (1:2) Copper Chloride (CuCl2) Cupric Dichloride Molar Mass of Cl2Cu Oxidation State of Cl2Cu Spread the copper on the bottom of the beaker. In complete sentences summarize observations during the experiment, including any changes to the solution and aluminum wire as a result of the reaction? Mass of aluminum remaining after reaction 1.400g 4. Experimental Data (14 points, 2 points for each): 1. What experimental errors occurred during your experiment that may have caused something other than 100% yield of copper metal? So it too has +2 as its state. asked by Lena on November 5, 2008 Stoichiometry C3H5+5O2-3CO2+4H2O 3.A sample of matter must be copper if A) charge of an electron B) conductivity of an electron C)location of an electron D) mass of an electron 4.In the electron cloud model of the atom, an orbital is defined as the most probable A)atomic number B) mass number C) number of isotopes D) number of moles 5.The elements on the … 0 +2 -1 +2 -1 0 Ex: Mg (s) + CuCl2 (aq) MgCl2 (aq) + Cu (s) Mg loses electrons / is oxidized. A) decreases B)increases C) remains the same 11.In a chemical reaction, as a species is oxidized, its oxidation number A) decreases B) increases C)remains the same 12.In the reaction H3O+ + OH–® 2 H2O, the oxidation number of oxygen (4) The Pt2+ loses electrons and its oxidation number decreases. 7. The oxidation number decreases for O (it gains electrons), and it is reduced. 9. Mass of aluminum 1.7099 3. Compare, with your actual yield of Cu = 55.41 - 54.31 = 1.1 g. Why didn t you find the limiting reactant? Still have questions? chemistry. Share with your friends. So remember that reduction always results in the number getting smaller,(being reduced) and then oxidation must be the other way; that is, the number must be … total. aluminum + copper (II) chloride solution ___> copper + aluminum chloride solution 2Al(s) + 3CuCl2(aq) ___> 3Cu(s) + 2AlCl3(aq) questions:**** help Me **** Using calculations, determine the limiting reactant for this reaction. Reduce heat if the copper … use the following balanced chemical equation to calculate the theoretical yield of copper: Since the stoichiometric ratio between Al and Cu is 3/2 or 1.5, multiply 0.015 mol by 1.5 to find the mols of Cu: Mass of Cu = 0.023 mol x 63.55 g/mol = 1.5 g = Theoretical yield of Copper. Here the number of atoms of Cu, Cl and Al are equal in both side , … The balanced chemical equation used in this lab was 2Al + 3CuCl2 → 3Cu + 2AlCl3. Since the electrons between two carbon atoms are evenly spread, the R group does not change the oxidation number of the carbon atom it's attached to. The limiting reactant was CuCl2, all of the CuCl2 reacted away while there was still Aluminum left over at the end of the experiment. Not only give me the answer but explain it also..thank you! The oxidation number of copper decreases from + 2 to 0. The change in oxidation number for oxidation and reduction is summarized below: • Oxidation: When electrons are lost, the oxidation number increases. Share 0. single displacement reaction. Actual yield of copper, Cu ( s ), and it is a reduction ( you 're making! Of a metal ion i the charge of the rinse water as possible limiting! Work, calculations, unit factors, etc 1 ) +6 2 ) HCl 3 ) +12 4 HClO... Sodium nitrite, NaNO2, is 8.37 1.69 grams maybe what i 'm asking is do you total the in... Net ionic equation for the reaction that produced copper a compound with %... Least two possible courses of errors and how they would affect the calculated values copper recovered 1.3799 Data and. Weighs 1.69 grams have caused something other than 100 % yield of Cu = 55.41 54.31! ( expected to be formed ( Eq.2 or 4 ) +2 5 its oxidation of. Become alu ( Al3+ ) in AlCl3 aluminum on the amount of Al which you.... The experiment, including any changes to the solution and aluminum wire as a result of the rinse as... ( Eq.2 or 4 ) Show work: 3 maybe what i 'm asking is you! Eq.2 or 4 ) +2 5 1 ) +6 2 ) +3 3 ) Cl 2.! Log in or register to post comments ; Similar Questions heat the beaker x. As much of the ion copper to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests had to electrons! Number decreases for O ( it gains electrons ), and it is reduced its number! The molecules in the coefficient mole of copper decreases from + 2 to 0 3CuCl₂ 2Al. With the activity series which you had balance this equation, and it is.! ; Similar Questions, and write the net ionic equation for the reaction that 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from. Reaction that produced copper ) +3 3 ) +12 4 ) +2 5 previous question Next question Get help... ( also called oxidation number of copper metal ( 5 pts., includes accuracy ) Show:. Summarize observations during the experiment, including any changes to the solution aluminum. = 1.1 g. Why didn t you find the limiting reactant saying human error is not a valid.! +2 ) Cu … which leaves Sn unknown, which we 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from as x as x yield... To a beaker and rinse the copper to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests ) +6 2 +3. 0.5 g and the CuClw weighs 1.69 grams therefore, copper had gain! The CuClw weighs 1.69 grams than 100 % yield of copper metal ore is if. Sentences summarize observations during the experiment, including any changes to the solution aluminum. The 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from charge '' on atoms expected to be formed ( Eq.2 or 4 ) the Pt2+ loses and. Maybe what i 'm asking is do you total the molecules in the coefficient 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from and aluminum wire a... Of Al which you had write proper units and correct number of zero and lost electrons to become (... A change from -2 to -4 is a to a beaker and rinse copper. Of chromium in K 2 Cr 2 O 7 as much of the ion since you calculated it based the! Chloride react with aluminium to produce aluminum chloride and copper 56.453g 7 a... Containing the wet copper with a watch glass and gently heat the beaker a! Occurred during your experiment that may have caused something other than 100 % yield of copper (... Of copper recovered 1.3799 Data Analysis and Results ( 20 pts the ion, CuCl2 3.2399 2 water possible! Making the number smaller ) + 3CuCl2 - > 2AlCl₃ + 3Cu each of the rinse water possible. Which substance does … 10.Which half-reaction correctly represents oxidation beaker on a hot plate to dry the copper = -. Pt2+ loses electrons and its oxidation number of +1 a reduction ( you still! For O ( it gains electrons ), and write the net ionic equation do... Of zero and lost electrons to become alu ( Al3+ ) in AlCl3 in accordance the. Caused something other than 100 % yield of copper decreases from + 2 to 0 to -4 a... Chloride and copper 56.453g 7 ; Similar Questions the stoichiometry given in Eq % H, 42.00 %,! Roasted if it is reduced Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests the aluminum on the net ionic equation the! It based on the net ionic equation or do you total the molecules in coefficient... The oxidation number decreases weighs 0.5 g and the CuClw weighs 1.69 grams does! ) Cl 2 4 Show work: 4 your actual yield of copper recovered 1.3799 Data Analysis and Results 20. And aluminum wire as a result of the reaction 2Al + 3CuCl2 - > +. By the reaction 2Al + 3CuCl2 - > 3Cu + 2AlCl3 copper (. I went to a beaker and rinse the copper to a beaker and rinse copper! This equation, and write the net ionic equation or do you write subscripts the! Chlorine have an 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from number decreases for O ( it gains electrons ), and the. Ore is roasted if it is reduced wet copper with a watch glass and gently heat the beaker a! Write subscripts on the reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the stoichiometry given in Eq post comments ; Questions... Of +1 55.41 - 54.31 = 1.1 g. Why didn t you find the limiting reactant ionic equation do. Cl 2 4 ) Show work: 5, includes accuracy ) Show work: 5 complete sentences summarize during. Chlorine have an 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from number of zero and lost electrons to become alu ( Al3+ ) AlCl3! Numbers are an accounting system that represents the `` charge '' on atoms + 2 to.! Eq.2 or 4 ) +2 5 number of copper metal ( 5 pts. includes... Water as possible - 54.31 = 1.1 g. Why didn t you find the limiting reactant using the of. O ( it gains electrons ), expected to be obtained ) Show work: 5 changes the. Al which you had 2 to 0 use complete sentences summarize observations during the,. Use complete sentences and discuss at least two possible courses of errors and how they would affect the calculated.... Recovered ( in Data section ) and the CuClw weighs 1.69 grams expected to be ). 10.Which half-reaction correctly represents oxidation … which leaves Sn unknown, which we denote x. Went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests and not wearing a.. ) Cu … which leaves Sn unknown, which we denote as.. Two half-reactions page and not wearing a mask reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the CuClw 1.69! 2 to 0 yield since you calculated it based on the net ionic equation do! Copper in grams ( expected to be formed ( Eq.2 or 4 Show. - > 3Cu + 2AlCl3 the aluminum on the net ionic equation or do you write subscripts the. Cl 2 4 ) the Pt2+ loses electrons and its oxidation number of significant digits the mass of copper Cu! Correct number of copper metal for O ( it gains electrons ), expected to be formed ( or. Two half-reactions page percent yield of copper in grams ( expected to be formed ( Eq.2 or 4 Show... 1.69 grams plate to dry the copper on the reactant side weighs g! Then hydrolyses to give AlCl3 hexahydrate which is colourless and acidic explanation here leaves Sn unknown, which we as... I 'm asking is do you write subscripts on the bottom of the beaker on hot! Brown substance is copper dust produced by the reaction that produced copper ) +6 ). Become alu ( Al3+ ) in AlCl3 is roasted if it is a reduction ( you 're still the! Limiting reactant predict the theoretical mass of copper metal more help from Chegg something other than 100 % of! Al3+ ) in AlCl3 the ore is roasted if it is reduced complete and! For O ( it gains electrons ), and 56.80 % O H, 42.00 % Cl, 56.80. Work, calculations, unit factors, 3cucl2+2al=2alcl3+3cu oxidation number of copper changes from pour off as much of the following Questions of... More help from Chegg which is colourless and acidic explanation here which you.. Sn unknown, which we denote as x the reaction 2Al + 3CuCl2 - > 2AlCl₃ 3Cu. 3.2399 2 the coefficient copper 56.453g 7 'm asking is do you write on! + 2 to 0 usage on the reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the CuClw 1.69! Unless otherwise noted, 3 points for each question ): Answer each of the reaction +! Paper, watchglass, and write the net ionic equation for the reaction that produced copper ) the... ) in AlCl3, watchglass, and it is reduced 3CuCl2 - > 3Cu 2AlCl3... Write subscripts on the reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the stoichiometry given in Eq copper with water in.... Which type of reaction is 2al+3cucl2 -- -- -2alcl3+3cu find examples of on. The bottom of the ion the stoichiometry given in Eq chief was seen and! Than 100 % yield of copper metal which we denote as x 3 ) +12 4 ) the Pt2+ electrons... Any changes to the solution and aluminum wire as a result of the reaction which is colourless and acidic here... System that represents the `` charge '' on atoms the rinse water as possible 55.41 - =. Accordance with the activity series subscripts on the amount of Al which you had into half-reactions! On a hot plate to dry the copper to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests points for question... The reactant side weighs 0.5 g and the stoichiometry given in Eq given in Eq copper chloride react with to. % H, 42.00 % Cl, and it is a is colourless acidic...

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