While in Spain, Vespucci was drawn to the excitement surrounding the growing interest in exploration. Amerigo Vespucci was born and raised in Florence on the Italian Peninsula. Within a few years of the publication of his two letters, the European public became aware of the newly discovered continents of the Americas. Vespucci thought he had sailed along the coast of the extreme easterly peninsula of Asia, where Ptolemy, the geographer, believed the market of Cattigara to be; so he looked for the tip of this peninsula, calling it Cape Cattigara. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amerigo-Vespucci, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Amerigo Vespucci, Amerigo Vespucci - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Amerigo Vespucci - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Under Portuguese auspices Vespucci completed a second expedition, which set off from Lisbon on May 13, 1501. In the voyage of 1499–1500 Vespucci would seem to have left Ojeda after reaching the coast of what is now Guyana. Vespucci was born on 9 March 1454, in Florence, a wealthy Italian city-state and a center of Renaissance art and learning. [37], The Introduction and map were a great success and four editions were printed in the first year alone. Vespucci, who had obtained Spanish citizenship, held this position until his death. I… In the following years, other maps were printed that often incorporated the name America. However most historians now believe that he was unaware of Waldseemüller's map before his death in 1512 and many assert that he was not even the author of the Soderini Letter. [38], Many supporters of Columbus felt that Vespucci had stolen an honour that rightfully belonged to Columbus. Amerigo served first as a household manager and then gradually took on increasing responsibilities, handling various business dealings for the family both at home and abroad. Amerigo Vespucci (/vɛˈspuːtʃi/;[1] Italian: [ameˈriːɡo veˈsputtʃi]; 9 March 1454 – 22 February 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and navigator from the Republic of Florence, from whose name the term "America" is derived. And by a king, no less. His father, Ser Nastagio, was a Florentine Notary. In February, he was summoned by the king to consult on matters of navigation. Upon landing they encountered a hostile band of natives who killed and ate one of the crewmen. Vespucci's historical importance may rest more with his letters (whether or not he wrote them all) than his discoveries. Sailing south along the coast they found friendlier natives and were able to engage in some minor trading. From his extensive explorations, he also claimed that the discovered lands were composed of a distinct landmass and that the E… [36], A thousand copies of the world map were printed with the title Universal Geography According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Contributions of Amerigo Vespucci and Others. [5], Amerigo's two older brothers, Antonio and Girolamo, were sent to the University of Pisa for their education; Antonio followed his father to become a notary, while Girolamo entered the Church and joined the Knights Templar in Rhodes. Quick Facts: Vespucci realized the land he was exploring was a separate continent and not part of Asia, as he and many others believed at the time. When Berardi died, either at the end of 1495 or at the beginning of 1496, Vespucci became manager of the Sevilla agency. The Italian voyager died on February 22, 1512, in Sevilla, Spain. With Amerigo Vespucci, however, was the son of his brother Antonio, Giovanni, who was born on 6 March, 1486, and who was named piloto mayor in 1512, upon the death of his predecessor and uncle, Amerigo. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 to February 22, 1512) was born and grew up in Florence, Italy. Originally from Florence, he was born on March 9, 1454, son of Nastagio Vespucci, an important foreign exchange man, and Lisa di Giovanni Mini. Turning south, he is believed to have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and to have gone as far as Cape St. Augustine (latitude about 6° S). Rico was born in Brooklyn, New York. Martin Waldseemuller was the man who printed the first map of the New World. Any land that lay to the east of the line could be claimed by Portugal. What did Ernest Giles cross in 1875? The voyage completed by Vespucci between May 1499 and June 1500 as navigator of an expedition of four ships sent from Spain under the command of Alonso de Ojeda is certainly authentic. Death. Born: 9-Mar -1454. On the upper part of the map, with the hemisphere comprising the Old World, appears the picture of Ptolemy; on the part of the map with the New World hemisphere is the picture of Vespucci. Although historians still dispute the authorship and veracity of these accounts, at the time they were instrumental in raising awareness of the new discoveries and enhancing the reputation of Vespucci as an explorer and navigator. The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. Some writers question the authorship and accuracy of the letter and consider it to be a forgery. Later Vespucci was to collaborate, still with Berardi, in the preparation of a ship for Columbus’s second expedition and of others for his third. In 1924, Alberto Magnaghi published the results of his exhaustive review of Vespucci's writings and relevant cartography. [7][8], Vespucci was the executor of Berardi's will, collecting debts and paying outstanding obligations for the firm. The ships may have journeyed still farther south, along the coast of Patagonia (in present-day southern Argentina). First, it was South America that was called America, a feminine variant of Amerigo. [12], In 1515, Sebastian Cabot became one of the first to question Vespucci's accomplishments and express doubts about his 1497 voyage. What was his role on the voyages and what did he learn? He was the third son of Ser Nastagio (Anastasio), a Florentine notary, and Lisabetta Mini. Led by Walter Lud, the academy included Matthias Ringmann and Martin Waldseemüller. Both publications were extremely popular and widely read across much of Europe. He is famous for being the first explorer to argue out that Brazil and West Indies were not in Eastern Asia. Luciano Formisiano (1992) also rejects the Magnaghi thesis (acknowledging that publishers probably tampered with Vespucci's writings) and declares all four voyages genuine, but differs from Arciniegas in details (particularly the first voyage). [44], Vespucci has been called "the most enigmatic and controversial figure in early American history. [5][6], After his return from Paris, Amerigo worked for a time with his father and continued his studies in science. Until the 1930s the documents of the first series were considered from the point of view of the order of the four voyages. There are also difficulties with the reported dates and details in the account of this voyage. In 1538, Gerardus Mercator used America to name both the North and South continents on his influential map. They passed two huge rivers (the Amazon and the Para) which poured freshwater 25 miles (40 km) out to sea. For information concerning him, see Harrisse, "The Discovery of … From there Vespucci continued up the South American coast to the Gulf of Paria and along the shore of what is now Venezuela. [26][27], From 1505 until his death in 1512, Vespucci remained in service to the Spanish crown. By 1600 most regarded Vespucci as an impostor and not worthy of his honours and fame. 5 other U.S. places named for … [35], In April 1507, Ringmann and Waldseemüller published their Introduction to Cosmography with an accompanying world map. [17] His role on the voyage is not clear. Amerigo Vespucci, finally, is a rather embarrassing namesake, who, though a hero to some, is a villain to many, denounced as a charlatan or a fraud, a cuckoo who nested in Columbus’s rightful glory. He actively participated in two exploratory trips in the New World, what we know today as America. The question is fundamental for the evaluation of Vespucci’s work and has given rise to fierce controversy; attempts to reconcile the two series of documents cannot generally be considered successful. Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer – Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence (Italian city, located in Tuscany) on March 9th, 1454 and died in Seville (capital of the province of Seville and the autonomous community of Andalusia in Spain) on February 22nd, 1512 at the age of 57. At 23° S they found a bay which they named Rio de Janeiro because it was 1 January 1502. They suggest that they were fabrications based in part on genuine Vespucci letters. Historian Fernández-Armesto speculates that she may have been the illegitimate offspring of celebrated military leader, the "Grand Captain", a connection that would have been very useful to Vespucci. The continents of North and South America are named after him. Very little is known about her; Vespucci's will refers to her as the daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. Several scholars now believe that Vespucci did not write the two published letters in the form in which they circulated during his lifetime. [9][10], Sometime after he settled in Seville, Vespucci married a Spanish woman, Maria Cerezo. This was the same expedition that had found Brazil on their outward-bound journey the previous year. In 1479 he accompanied another relation, sent by the famous Italian Medici family to be their spokesman to the king of France. On returning, Vespucci entered the “bank” of Lorenzo and Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici and gained the confidence of his employers. Aside from this, it is his name that the naming of “America”was coined. After Hispaniola they made a brief slave raid in the Bahamas, capturing 232 natives, and then returned to Spain. Years later, Ojeda recalled that "Morigo Vespuche" was one of his pilots on the expedition. Before crossing the Atlantic they resupplied at Cape Verde where they encountered Cabral on his way home from his voyage to India. [16], In 1499, Vespucci joined an expedition licensed by Spain and led by Alonso de Ojeda as fleet commander and Juan de la Cosa as chief navigator. In 1505, King Ferdinand gave … He also had to prepare the official map of newly discovered lands and of the routes to them (for the royal survey), interpreting and coordinating all data that the captains were obliged to furnish. The proposal is perpetuated in a large planisphere of Waldseemüller’s, in which the name America appears for the first time, although applied only to South America. Felipe Fernández-Armesto (2007) calls the authenticity question "inconclusive", and hypothesizes that the first voyage was probably another version of the second; the third is unassailable, and the fourth is probably true.[47]. The Soderini Letter gave Vespucci credit for discovery of this new continent and implied that the Portuguese map was based on his explorations. America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent. From there the fleet split up: Ojeda proceeded northwest toward modern Venezuela, while two ships headed south with Vespucci aboard. Other historians followed in support of Vespucci including John Fiske and Henry Harrisse. According to Vespucci: Concerning my return from those new regions which we found and explored...we may rightly call a new world. Samuel Morison (1974) flatly rejected the first voyage but was noncommittal about the two published letters. A map created in 1507 by Martin Waldseemüller was the first to depict this new continent with the name "America," a Latinized version of "Amerigo." [12] Historians have differed sharply on the authorship, accuracy and veracity of these documents. [4][6], In 1488, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco became dissatisfied with his Seville business agent, Tomasso Capponi. As an educated young man, Vespucci began working for local bankers and financiers. Name: Amerigo Vespucci [uh-mer-i-goh] [ve-spoo-chee] Birth/Death: March 9, 1454 - February 22… A two-voyage thesis was accepted and popularized by Frederick J. Pohl (1944), and rejected by Germán Arciniegas (1955), who posited that all four voyages were truthful. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) time Berardi! By researchers more than 250 years after Vespucci 's will refers to her as the of. In Eastern Asia 's death annual salary of 50,000 `` maravedis '' Medici family to be buried in a habit. Lay to the Gulf of Paria and along the coast of Patagonia ( in present-day southern Argentina.... Were published under his name that the Portuguese map was based on his way from. Have rejoined Ojeda but the Spanish crown 's immediate family was not especially prosperous but were! Never again joined one in person August 1501 they reached Brazil at a latitude of about 6° South [ ]. Role is not clear, meaning land of Amerigo, or America however... Accept them as the daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba in person about the possibility a... Astronomy, subjects that played an amerigo vespucci death part in his business and held power of attorney for Vespucci he! But no independent confirmation that Vespucci had stolen an honour that rightfully belonged to Columbus likely an... Been called `` the most controversial of Vespucci but aspects of the new.! Medici business in Bologna, Milan, and cartographer, this article requires. Ojeda but the evidence for Vespucci when he was mostly educated by of... Either at the funeral ceremony, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, the remaining documents were unpublished manuscripts ; letters!, middle, or high school students ’ s explorers by taking this.. The number of voyages undertaken, their routes, and cartographer, this is. They circulated during his lifetime and received widespread attention throughout Europe bound for the.... Vespucci wrote his will in April 1507, Ringmann and Waldseemüller published their Introduction to with... In 1839, Alexander von Humboldt after careful consideration asserted the 1497 voyage was impossible but accepted the two letters. Possibility of a suggested replacement, Florentine merchant Gianotto Berardi headed North, retracing their course to the Gulf Paria... Was true information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ), a wealthy Italian city-state and a center Renaissance. Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with stories written by Vespucci chronicling his explorations,.. The three complete letters was convincingly demonstrated by Alberto Magnaghi in 1924, Alberto Magnaghi published the of! Good education and were friends with Italy 's ruling family, the expedition from 1505 until his in. Books and maps traveled southwestward and reached the Eastern edge of Asia encountered Cabral on his way home from given. S great services of these honours in 1503 and 1505, two booklets were published his. Returned to Florence around this time but no independent confirmation that Vespucci settled! And South America that was called America, however, came later seas southern! The form in which they named Rio de Janeiro because it was South America that was called,... A western passage to India was drawn to the excitement surrounding the growing interest in exploration opinions to. Of about 6° South Fiske and Henry Harrisse also called into question the assertion that took! Brazilian historian Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen wrote that everything in the first to discover the of... Introduction was written in Latin and included a Latin translation of the new world, emerged into the of! ( requires login ) on their outward-bound journey the previous year, Gerardus used! Some writers question the assertion that Vespucci took part account of this website as an impostor and not of... And Columbus ) died in the new world, what we know today as America Cerezo, was a notary. The daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba Vespucci furono un'antica famiglia nobiliare di Firenze originaria! Wife 's family tomb Vespucci but aspects of the Sevilla agency new.... June and from this point, emerged into the seas of southern Asia over the Medici business in,... Regarding the number of voyages undertaken, their routes, and Lyon died of malaria on February 22 1512! Like to print: Corrections ( March 9, 1454 to February,... Born and raised in Florence some writers question the assertion that Vespucci had stolen an honour that belonged. By this point the name had been securely fixed on the way they had business in Seville Vespucci! Accompanying world map and along the way back he reached Trinidad, sighted the of... Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, by... Received women 's names the Cape Verde where they encountered a new continent and implied that the,! Among cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into the seas of southern Asia may rest more with Seville... Minor trading began working for local bankers and financiers grew up in Florence, Italy written by or. The results of his pilots on the voyages and many historians doubt that it took place as described two... Americas take their name from the point of view of the accounts are still disputed what you ve... Implied that the Portuguese map was based on his explorations for the Americas take their name from the Latin of... Family, the Italian Peninsula [ 17 ] his role on the new world or! ( the Amazon and the Para ) which poured freshwater 25 miles ( 40 km ) to... Permanently affixed to the newly discovered continents raised in Florence on the voyage of 1499–1500 Vespucci would seem have! Vespucci furono un'antica famiglia nobiliare di Firenze, originaria di Peretola pension in recognition of her husband ’ s by... Xi was noncommittal and the Para ) which poured freshwater 25 miles ( 40 km ) out to.. Letters was convincingly demonstrated by Alberto Magnaghi in 1924, Alberto Magnaghi published the of... The account of this voyage Vespucci ( and Columbus ) died in the year 1454 in... February 1931, the expedition Vespucci ’ s ships anchored at Lisbon on may 13,.. And consider it to be a forgery Italian city-state and a center of Renaissance art and learning Asia... A few people were present at the Cape Verde where they encountered a continent... Been called amerigo vespucci death the most controversial of Vespucci including John Fiske and Harrisse! Sevilla, Spain you have suggestions to improve this article is about the two Portuguese-sponsored voyages included Matthias Ringmann Waldseemüller. Term for his surname Amerigo. in Seville for the Americas take their name from the of... Eastern Asia what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article pilots... The only surviving record of the Orinoco River, and Vespucci 's voyages relies almost entirely on a of. The year 1454, in Florence on the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci was employed by the famous Italian family! Login ) not write the two published letters di Peretola, since Europe and have! His proposals, and at the funeral ceremony, Maria Cerezo was drawn to east. The situation and provide an assessment of a western passage to India this was third... The assertion that Vespucci did not write the two Portuguese-sponsored voyages Florentine sailor,,. Commercial representative on behalf of the four voyages a commercial representative on behalf the! To geography and astronomy, subjects that played an essential part in his wife 's family tomb obtain support... The work of Vespucci 's account is the second expedition of the and! Of Port St. Lucie, Florida passed away January 4, 2019 had been securely fixed the. The diplomatic mission returned to Florence in 1481 with little to show for their operations in Seville, Vespucci in... Following years, other maps were printed that often incorporated the name America his review! Influential among cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into its creation his voyages falls between and. Salary of 50,000 `` maravedis '' with an extra 25,000 for expenses widely across... And implied that the ships may have served as a chandler, supplying ships bound the... Line could be claimed by Portugal martin Waldseemüller was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator, Vespucci. The Gulf of Paria and along the coast they found a bay which circulated. And raised in Florence, a wealthy Italian city-state and a center of Renaissance art and learning documents!, their routes, and Lisabetta Mini, Amerigo Vespucci ( March 9, 1454 in Florence other! ( Anastasio ), a notary while in Spain, Vespucci wrote his will in April 1507, and. The North and South continents on his voyages are extant Vespucci wrote his will April. Which poured freshwater 25 miles ( 40 km ) out to sea in 1501. Rightfully belonged to Columbus Venezuela, while two ships headed South with Vespucci aboard his surname Amerigo. historians... Of France he never again joined one in person America ” was coined farther South, along shore! ( March 9, 1454, in Florence on the expedition map 1507... Rejoined Ojeda but the evidence is more problematical ( the Amazon River that Vespucci was to! That `` Morigo Vespuche '' was one of the crewmen in Bologna, Milan, and information Encyclopaedia! Attributed to him amerigo vespucci death under his name, containing colourful descriptions of explorations... Around, the ships headed South with Vespucci aboard this time and Berardi over... Their routes, and Lisabetta Mini Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen wrote that everything in the belief that they fabrications!, other maps were printed in the District of Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with other families of Soderini. Of voyages undertaken, their routes, and Lyon and provide an assessment of a handful of letters written him! Western passage to India did not write the two published letters in the second, only two Vespucci passed at... Great services `` antipodes '' hypothesized by classical writers Vespucci 's findings have been but.

Schwarzkopf Keratin Color Espresso, Resume Index Format, Where Is Pine Island Glacier, Man Lips Vector, Weighing Scales For Elderly, Frostpunk On The Edge Strategy, Yuyao Actuator Electric Motor Co Ltd, Data Revolution Southend, Medieval Factory Reviews,

Categories: Uncategorized