http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] All of these viewpoints allow us to analyze and understand that climate change can be seen and considered on many different levels of scale. Global emissions of climate pollutants, including carbon dioxide and black carbon, are driving climate change. Historically, drought causes more than 80 percent of the losses in agriculture, especially for the livestock and crop production subsectors. “The best defence is the same one that will protect us from outbreaks of infectious disease, and the mounting burden of non-communicable disease: strong, flexible, and resilient health systems.”. Climate change. Cruz Li Interview with Bethel Wondwossen, citizen of Ethiopia. If current rates of emissions continue, mean annual temperature is projected to rise by about 4.8°C from 1990-2100. Ethiopia has 12 major river basins and most of its lakes and rivers are found in the Great Rift Valley where the country shares water with Kenya and other lower riparian countries. In Ethiopia, there has not been much of an issue with a battle over power in the past 25 years. A … This threatens health, livelihoods and the progress that Ethiopia has made in recent years. The Climate and Health Country Profiles are coordinated by WHO with the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, funded and supported by the Welcome Trust, and produced with leading experts at the University of East Anglia, CDP, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the World Meteorological Organization and the World Bank. o Why does climate change matter to U.S. water program managers? These consequences are not solely a result of their carbon emissions but other major countries in the world as well making them a victim of climate change. Country profile available at: o What are the water-related effects of climate change in the United States? The research combined climate-change computer modelling with detailed measurements of current ground conditions, gathered in fieldwork that covered a total distance of 30,000km within Ethiopia. Increased temperatures, intense heatwaves, more extreme rainfall, floods and landslides, are expected to intensify existing challenges of communicable diseases, food insecurity and poverty unless timely action is taken. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Ethiopia, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725, https://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/status_of_ratification/items/2613.php, http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/jan/31/world-carbon-dioxide-emissions-country-data-co2, http://www.undp.org/content/dam/ethiopia/docs/Ethiopia%20CRGE.pdf, http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/about_us/constitution.htm. (Photo Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Ethiopia), As far as we are concerned, climate change is very real and already taking place in Ethiopia. Ethiopia's contribution to GHG emissions is very … Key climate change implications for health in Ethiopia. While El Niño is the major cause of this crisis, the long-term effects of climate change are also a factor. We can look at it at even a smaller level, the local level. The main environmental problems in the country include land degradation, soil erosion, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, desertification, recurrent drought, flood and water and air pollution. Climate change adaptation (CCA) is a response to global warming (also known as "climate change").. SDG13 targets to strengthen countries' resilience and adaptive capacities to climate-related issues. ... (FAO) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital. In conclusion, no matter what side of the global warming/climate change spectrum you are on, Ethiopia is on the side that recognizes global warming as being a result of human cause and an alarming situation for the country. • Rapid population growth and the expansion of farming and pastoralism under a drier, warmer climate regime could dramatically increase the number of at-risk people in Ethiopia during the next 20 years. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] To note, climate change is the increasing temperatures in the world from carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines adaptation as: 'the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. The country is currently implementing projects on health adaptation to climate change. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] By signing the Kyoto Protocol nine years ago, Ethiopia hoped problems like this could be avoided by capping or reducing harmful emissions to the environment. It has taken steps globally, nationally, and locally to turn around climate change. Not everyone is equally at risk. Human activities cause climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests. Climate change is expected to increase heatwaves, droughts, flooding, and sea levels around the world, and also cause important health risks in Ethiopia. Overview. The effects of climate change -- and drought in particular -- are already affecting 1.4 million children who face imminent risk of death from severe acute malnutrition as the famine spreads. While the Ethiopian Government is already taking substantial initiatives to implement health adaptation programmes and build technical capacity, the country profile identifies additional opportunities for actions. There are many factors that contribute to deforestation, each with its own causes and negative environmental impacts. The country‟s adaptive capacity is constrained by limited livelihood options for the majority of the population, inadequate ability to withstand or absorb disasters and the … The farmers perceived that deforestation (93%) followed by soil degradation (88%) are the main causes of climate change. Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ways. Human activities cause climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests. Fur- thermore, heavy rains and floods are projected to increase as well. Ethiopia was the first country to submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC and has strong plans to develop a green economy. Under a high emission scenario, it is projected that by 2030, about 248,000 additional people may be at risk of river floods annually due to climate change in Ethiopia and 178,000 due to socio-economic change above the estimated 154,000 annual affected population in 2010. This development status makes the country more vulnerable to climate variability and change. In 2009, Ethiopia ranked 112th in the world in total emissions.[3. * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 12 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions, this emissions offset is not included in total above. 1. Both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia. Resources listed below highlight a selection of USAID's climate and development programs in Ethiopia. http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/about_us/constitution.htm] There is no reason that the people of Ethiopia would use climate change as a hidden agenda to bring a new group to power today; however, this is not to say that they do not. 3. More than half of greenhouse gas emissions come from the agriculture sector. Next, Ethiopia can be considered a victim of climate change. In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia. http://www.who.int/globalchange/global-campaign/en/, Climate Change to Impact on Human Health in Ethiopia, 20th International Conference on AIDS and STIs in AFRICA: 20th ICASA 2019, Keeping to the universal health coverage path in Kenya, How local communities made polio vaccination possible despite the fear of COVID-19, WHO Supports the Ministry of Health to train Members of the Traditional Health Practitioners’ Association of Zambia on COVID -19, Community leaders tackle COVID-19 in Plateau State hot spots, Kenya embarks on new approach to prioritize future TB actions, WHO takes health care services directly to South Sudan’s flood-affected communities in Mayom County, http://www.who.int/globalchange/resources/country-profile/en/, http://www.who.int/globalchange/global-campaign/en/. Published: 22nd April 2010. Ethiopia is faced with increasingly unpredictable rains, and in some years the complete failure of seasonal rains – occurrences that are linked to … Total Emissions in 2018 = 6,677 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent.Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding. However, if they can be reduced through actions such as shifting to cleaner fuels for electricity generation and household energy, and less polluting transport systems, the temperature rise could be limited to about 1.2°C. Reports from Senegal, Mali, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad, Ethiopia, and Sudan identify drought and rising temperatures as two driving factors of climate change affecting crop yields [5-12]. Climate Change 101: How is the global climate changing and what are the causes? Water scarcity (water stress or water crisis) is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand.Humanity is facing a water crisis, due to unequal distribution (exacerbated by climate change) resulting in some very wet and some very dry geographic locations, plus a sharp rise in global freshwater demand in recent decades driven by industry. On top of all of this, it appears very evident that climate change is strictly focused on the climate itself without a hidden agenda in Ethiopia. ADDIS ABABA, 16 November 2015 | Climate change is threatening to exacerbate health problems in Ethiopia, the World Health Organization warns in a new Climate and Health Country Profile 2015, published today. Since 1991, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has been in power after overthrowing the Derg.[5. To start, Ethiopia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on April 14, 2005.[2. 3. Individuals who have a lower socio-economic status (poor) are more likely than those with a higher socioeconomic status (rich/greater education) to suffer from climate change.[1. Human activity has made an ocean circulation pattern misbehave—triggering a weird confluence of events that has caused the infestations. Climate change and overutilisation. Key climate change implications for health in Ethiopia There is now a very large body of evidence that human actions, mainly the burning of fossil fuels, have caused significant changes in the climate system. Ethiopia has conducted a health-climate change vulnerability assessment, developed a strategic framework for climate change and health, and has drafted a national adaptation plan to mitigate the impact of climate change on health. More erratic and extreme weather in recent years has made it more difficult for the poorest communities in not just Ethiopia, but around the world to … And the benefits of limiting climate change to 1.5° C are enormous, with the report detailing the difference in the consequences between a 1.5° C increase and a 2° C increase. Most people in Ethiopia rely on agriculture to survive (85 % of the employed are in this sector). Country-reported data indicate that there are further opportunities for action in adaptation; for instance implementing activities to increase climate resilience of infrastructure, including health infrastructure, and estimating costs to strengthen health resilience to climate change. Although diarrhoeal deaths are projected to decline to about 15,500 towards 2070, the proportion of deaths attributable to climate change is projected to rise to approximately 14.1%. Ethiopia is taking many actions to counteract the changes seen in the climate. [7. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 Six million children are in danger - facing hunger, disease and lack of water. It has realized that it is in great danger of suffering severe consequences if something is not done in the future. With quotes from The Hadley Centre and other authorities on the subject. It is essential that countries abide by the Kyoto Protocol or else agriculture, the Ethiopian land, and the Ethiopian people may slowly disappear. One of the most important pieces of information to remember is that agriculture is the main source of income for many Ethiopians, and climate change can affect this greatly.[1. include burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests, and developing land for farms, cities, and roads. Article Type: Review This review highlights climate change and its drivers, impacts, and mitigation and adaptation options in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is facing one of the worst droughts in decades. http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/jan/31/world-carbon-dioxide-emissions-country-data-co2] As a result, not only did it sign the Kyoto Protocol, but it recently implemented the Climate-Resilient Green Economy strategy in 2011. The Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Ethiopia. ADDIS ABABA, Sep 24 2018 (IPS) - Faced with worsening droughts due to climate change, Ethiopia is joining an international initiative seeking to build global resilience against the problems caused by it, and enable developing countries to become part of a united solution to the ongoing problem. Unseasonable rain, linked to a climate-change-driven event in the Indian Ocean, has turned the region into a buffet for locusts. tomorrow's challenge today. Most of these actions are being taken at all different levels: global, national, and local. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. 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