Four more years of schooling lowers the probability of reporting oneself in fair or poor health … percent of incomes) reported that they have better physical and mental and emotional wellbeing (Figures 4.27 and 4.28). survey, which was conducted between May 2006 and March 2007. This can negatively affect self-esteem and wellbeing. Has the respondent accomplished less (in a physical sense)? First, we find an indirect effect of education on happiness through income and labour status. The Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey is a powerful tool that enables international comparisons as well as trend analysis. How effective is the current Resource Teacher Learning & Behaviour cluster model? How can a man get to 85: Health & Wellbeing The Pulse 23/11/2006 Take two genes and call me: Health & Wellbeing feature Chores keep you living longer: Health & Wellbeing The Pulse 3/8/2006 The study provided evidence that education level, income and literacy skill are linked with wellbeing. with Māori. There is greater variation in wellbeing at the extremes of the document literacy scores due to the smaller number of respondents with these scores. Many programs focus on getting students more physically active, citing its benefits for their health both short and long term. In other words, those who completed their education at age 24 years or over tend to have a lower income. There are no significant relationships between mental and emotional wellbeing and being born outside New Zealand, leaving education before age 17 years, having English as an additional language, or identifying with Māori, Pasifika, Asians or the Other ethnic group. It’s true, 70 is the new 60… but only if you’re healthy. Is the respondent feeling calm and peaceful? In particular, people in income quintiles 1 and 2 (together representing the lowest 40 percent of incomes) reported lower physical and mental and emotional wellbeing. Analysis of the survey data showed that there are strong links between education level and literacy skills and between income and literacy skill (Satherley et al, Evaluation of the sustainability of ECE services during the implementation of Pathways to the Future: Ngā Huarahi Arataki, Impact of 20 Hours ECE on playcentres 2008, Literature review: Transition from early childhood education to school, Outcomes of early childhood education: Literature review, Quality early childhood education for under 2-year-olds, A literature review focused on Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs), From Targeting Problems to Tailoring Potential, Te piko o te māhuri, tērā te tupu o te rākau: language & literacy in marae-based programmes, Te Piko o te Māhuri: The key attributes of successful Kura Kaupapa Māori, Te Piko o te Māhuri: Ngā āhuatanga matua o te Kura Kaupapa Māori whai angitu, Toitū te Reo: Evaluation of Tāiki E!, Haumi E!, Toi te Kupu & Eke Panuku, Hangaia te mātāpuna o te mōhia: learning foundations for Māori adults, Hei titiro anō i te whāinga: Māori achievement in bachelors degrees revisited. and another is by using summary statistics of the self-assessed health of individuals (Ministry of Health, 2008). The link between education level and income is shown in Table 4.2, where people's incomes were ranked and divided into five equal groups called quintiles. The research project Identity, Socioeconomic Status and Wellbeing, which is funded by the ESRC’s Secondary Data Analysis Initiative, has investigated the psychological effect of differences in education. In effect, cognitive ability is crucial in creating and sustaining a high-achievement milieu, leading not only to economic growth and wealth, but also to a democratic and free society. The first part of the study looked at the relationships between education level, income and literacy –regardless of wellbeing. Deep Change: Applied post-graduate study, 7. (forthcoming) Analysis of Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey data to investigate relationships between education, age, income and wellbeing for New Zealand adults, Working Paper, Research Division, Wellington: Ministry of Education. ICCS: What do New Zealand students understand about civic knowledge & citizenship? It is equally important to look at the non-financial outcomes of education. People who are physically active and at a healthy weight live about seven years longer than those who are not active and are obese. There are no significant relationships between physical wellbeing and gender, being born outside New Zealand, living in an urban community, leaving education before age 17 years, or identifying with Pasifika, Asians or the Other ethnic group. 4 Religious discrimination may also be associated with a range of other negative social and economic impacts including reduced social cohesion and social connection, and reduced morale and productivity in the workplace and education. Figures 4.25 and 4.26 show the data from the physical and mental and emotional The percentages of the variance explained by the model for mental and emotional wellbeing were 6.9 percent at stage 1 of the model, 6.9 percent at stage 2 of the model and 7.8 percent at stage 3 of the model. Income measures the relationship between wellbeing and income. It is well known that education improves people's earning prospects and their ability to contribute to the economy. And the important part is that those extra years are generally healthier years! Linear regression was used to explore the relationship between the explanatory variables and each of physical and We find both direct and indirect effects of education on happiness. The study indicates that: Lawes, E. & Schagen, I. The statistical analysis was done in three stages: The items in the survey background questionnaire that addressed the respondents' assessment of their wellbeing are listed in Table 4.1 below. The survey was conducted in New Zealand in 2006 and also in 12 other countries. Wellbeing can be measured in various ways. What makes for effective teacher professional development in ICT? 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