The Galápagos Islands are volcanic islands located on the Nazca Plate, which is moving to the east-southeast, toward the South American Plate. A hot spot is a place where the magma in the Earth is hotter than usual. The Andes Mountains were created as a result. Early History For millions of years the Galapagos Islands remained isolated and shrouded in mystery. The Andes Mountains were created as a result. The Galapagos hotspot (estimated to be around 150km wide) is located to the west of the Galapagos Archipelago. The striking ruggedness of the arid landscape is accentuated by high volcanic mountains, craters, and cliffs. This is how the shield volcanoes are formed. Repeated volcanic eruptions helped to form the rugged mountain landscape of the Galápagos Islands… Volcanoes appear in two ways: They can be created where two tectonic plates push against one another, as is the case with the volc… Galapagos is located on the Nazca tectonic plate. The Galápagos' stationary hot spot formed a chain of volcanoes as the Nazca crustal plate moved east-southeast above the hot spot like a conveyor belt. As the volcanoes erupted, the cooling lava built up the islands one layer at a time. It only took a volcano to form all the islands, with the exception of Isabela Island, the largest of all, formed by the union of six different volcanoes above the sea level. As the Nazca Plate passed over the Galápagos hotspot — a point where magma pushes through the crust — volcanoes erupted, and eventually, the Galápagos Islands were formed. How did animals arrive at the Galapagos Animals arrived at the Galapagos by land rafts and the ocean currents brought an abundance of marine life to the Galapagos. Repeated eruptions can form lava cones that make up the distinct shape of active volcanoes. 7 Reasons to Add the Galapagos to Your Winter Bucket List, Let’s Go! Volcanic islands are created as tectonic plates move over a lava flow. Like Hawaii, the Galapagos Islands were formed by what geologists call a "hot spot." The Islands are located in the northern part of the Nazca plate, which is slowly drifting in a southeasterly direction … The Galapagos archipelago has been known by many different names, including the ‘Enchanted Islands… The meeting of the two tectonic plates has created a subduction zoneas the Nazca Plate slides under the South American Plate. Many people think that Galapagos Islands are an extraordinary place for a getaway because of its beauty or due to the presence of exotic animals such as iguanas, turtles, blue-footed boobies, frigates and Darwin’s finches. This is what happened in Galapagos (and in Hawaii and some other places on the globe). The Birth of the Islands: The Galapagos Islands were created by volcanic activity deep in the Earth's crust under the ocean. World Heritage sites are places of historical, cultural, scientific, … The western islands, on the other hand, are still quite active, as they are still over the hot spot. The Galapagos archipelago is located about 1000 kilometers to the west of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. In his nearly five-year circumnavigation of the globe aboard HMS Beagle, Darwin spent only a month in the Galapagos Islands in 1835. Importantly, Darwin recognized that the islands were recently formed, rising up from the seabed. But not as many know that the geology of the islands is as fascinating as the wildlife. Some have come to follow in the footsteps of famed naturalist Charles Darwin, who visited Galapagos in 1835, and from where he got the inspiration to write his Theory of evolution. The Galapagos Islands are 965 km off the coast of what continent? Located on the perpetually moving Nazca tectonic plate, the islands were formed through repeated volcanic activity. But the crust in not one big solid piece, like the coating on a cand M&M. Why is Sustainable Travel so Important to the Galapagos? Rahter, the crust is in the form several different pieces called “plates,” that move around and occasionally crash into one another. The islands are located in the north of the Nazca plate, which moves slowly around 5 cm per year. How the Galapagos Islands Were Made. Situated at the Galapagos Triple Junction, the islands were formed by the tectonic shifts in the Nazca Plate… Discover the most extraordinary volcanoes of the islands on board of one of our boutique yachts! Some of the islands are single volcanoes rising out of the ocean, others, like Isabela Island, are made up of several convergent volcanoes. One of the processes that is key to the formation of the Galapagos Islands involves plate tectonics.The structure of the Earth is made up of many layers; a very hot inner core (4,000°C), the outer core (3,500°C), the lower mantle and upper mantle which are liquid, and a solid crust. The meeting of the two tectonic plates has created a subduction zoneas the Nazca Plate slides under the South American Plate. Because of the shifting plates and subsequent volcanic activity, older island landmasses have been lost … It only took a volcano to form all the islands, with the exception of Isabela Island, the largest of all, formed by the … The combine area of the islands is just ab… in geologic terms. This is how the Galapagos Islands were formed, about 600 miles west from the coast of Ecuador. This is how the Galapagos Islands were formed, about 600 miles west from the coast of Ecuador. 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