Head back one-year-old shoots to the next growing point to force branching. Potato blight is a fungal disease that rots first the haulms and then, as it is washed into the soil by rain, the tubers making them unstorable if not inedible. Rocket Gardens But the light gently begins to draw in and from now on the careless abandon of early summer has gone. Red currants prefer a full sun position and grows best when given shelter from strong hot winds. For older plants, cut about a third of the older stems right back to the base and remove any weak, leaning shoots. The well-spaced plants will have a big root and recover quickly from being cut back by throwing up more fresh leaves and thus provide a much better source of leaves for a longer period. As a rule, the bulk of the leaves at this point has already been dropped. Then cut the top, using string as a guide to keep it straight and level. Re-pot after 3-4 years in late winter or early spring. You will need to repot plants every 2 to 3 years, to give them fresh compost and a bit more space for their roots. The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. If you are in doubt as to whether your rose is a climber or a rambler, ramblers tend to be much more vigorous and always have a mass of small flowers that never repeat once they have finished. Standards Every day has become precious. This also creates space for tender annuals and perennials in the border. The result is that borders can start to fall all over the place, plants outgrowing themselves and toppling chaotically - especially if lashed by rain winds or thunderstorms and what was lovely profusion can become a disaster zone overnight. Gooseberries and red or white currants are pruned in the same way. If the leaves are yellowing and seed heads are forming, this is a good indication that garlic and shallots (and onions too if they are ready, although they may need a few more weeks yet) are usually ready to harvest. A trim now will allow any subsequent regrowth to harden off before possible autumnal frosts. Plants tolerate a wide range of soil pH and some shade. Feeding and mulching Many gardeners dread fruit pruning for fear it is complicated but there are a couple of simple rules that make things easier. ... Pruning currants easy to do: do not even cover up the wounds of garden pitch, although for very thick shoots and you can do it. If it is an informal hedge, curve the top over so it is rounded. Summer is a good time to start your pruning. In summer, more than ever, it is important to cover up the slices with garden varieties. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way but fruit on 1 and 2 year old wood. This procedure activates the vital forces of the bush, which will give growth even before the end of the year. July is a month to relish. Summer-fruiting raspberries carry their fruit on the canes that grew the previous summer - so all the fresh growth made in the current year will crop next July - whereas autumn-fruiting types such as ‘Autumn Bliss’ produce their fruit on the new-season’s growth. I find liquid seaweed or a proprietary liquid tomato feed to work well. Because the weather was so good in April and May, along with some blisteringly hot spells in June, everything in the garden is very forward and this means that as I write this on the first of the month the roses are going over already in the Cottage Garden but the sweet peas are still at their glorious best - as long as we keep picking them- otherwise they are increasingly inclined to go to seed. The list of aphids and fungal diseases is long, so without going into it in some detail we would simply advise that you keep vigilant – if you see signs of disease (spots on leaves etc) cut off the affected foliage ASAP. Winter of Year Two: Go over the stems, pruning out all the very small and weedy, the rubbing, the hanging, the broken and the diseased. For blackcurrants, remove all weak shoots at the base to leave 8-10 healthy, strong shoots on the plant. Heaven! Left unpruned, the harvests become increasingly pathetic – too much old unproductive wood! Early flowering perennials such as oriental poppies, delphiniums and hardy geraniums such as g. phaeum should all be cut back to the ground to encourage fresh regrowth and repeat flowering in a couple of months time. If you have an overgrown hedge now is the best time to reduce it in size whereas if you have a hedge that needs reinvigorating, wait until winter and trim it hard when it is dormant. This will leave you with a plant with multiple branches growing off the main stem (known as the central leader). http://gurneys.com/currant-plants/c/63/ - In this video, Felix from Gurney's demonstrates how to prune a currant plant. How to grow redcurrants and whitecurrants – pruning a currant bush Feed plants with pelleted chicken manure in spring, then cover the roots with a 5cm mulch of garden compost to hold in moisture and suppress weeds. A weekly feed high in potash that will help promote root and flower formation (but not over-lush foliage) is ideal. Proper pruning procedures for raspberries, grapes, gooseberries, currants, and blueberries are outlined below. Remove any damaged or very old shoots, cutting them right back to the ground. Cutting it back now also allows light and air onto the fruit that is ripening and stops your trees becoming too crowded with unproductive branches. Grow blackcurrants in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Do not be tempted to leave a sprinkle of seed that develops into a bunch of spindly seedlings but thin and encourage each individual plant to be strong. Currant pruning is a quick annual chore and part of regular maintenance. Unlike blackcurrants, red and white currants are not normally grown as stools. I now only grow first earlies because the risk of blight is so great. I would trade the very best strawberry for any raspberries and the summer fruiting varieties are at their best in July. Otherwise, infection is inevitable. The weather should be rather mild and dry, with no risk of freezing. Red currants commence ripening in mid Summer. Cut back the tip by one-third. Remove the entire branch right down to its base. Blackcurrants bear fruit during the summer on the branches that grew the previous summer. Currant pruning is carried out to form the correct shape of the bush, clean the damaged and diseased branches, rejuvenate the old bush Timing. Feed with a high potash fertiliser weekly during the growing season and mulch the soil around the plant with well-rotted manure, leaf mould or compost. Most ramblers fall into this category, especially in the south of the country and  such as ‘Wedding Day’, ‘Paul’s Himalayan Musk’ or ‘Felicite Perpetue’ should be pruned as soon as they have finished flowering. Black currants produce most of their fruit on new shoots that grew the previous year. Few garden chores can be as pleasant or undemanding as this but be sure to regularly pick all the flowers from your sweet pea plants is the best way to extend their flowering season. Red currants are different to blackcurrants because they are spur-fruiting and so a permanent framework has to be built up. As these are planted individually it is hard to support them in the  gently bolstering fashion that suits a large herbaceous perennial, but they can be staked to half their height and tied with soft twine so that they can still move gently but not collapse completely. If the region has cold autumn and frosts occur almost before the leaves fall, pruning is best done in the spring. 4 to 6 (Figure 5). Pruning Red, Pink and White Currants – Read more. All the soft fruit - strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, both red and black currants, have all loved this season and are giving us rich harvests. The procedure can be performed in spring, summer, autumn and even in winter. Pruning currants two years In the second year of shrub development, the first pruning is carried out in July. Benefits of Growing Red Currant. The extra warmth of July - and the wetness that comes with it - often leads to a flush of lush growth that plants cannot support. Sign up for The Weekly Veg Out, our newsletter delivered to your inbox The currants are some of the most easily grown fruit bushes. Finally, tie in any loose growth and mulch well. If you prune them now you're likely to prune off this year's flowers and so lose the fruit. First let me apologise for the lack of a June update. Helston, Cornwall, TR12 6BD, © 2019 Rocket Gardens  |  Website by Liminal Design. How to Prune Red and White Currants. Wait until after you have harvested the fruit and the foliage has fallen to prune the bushes, ideally in late fall or early winter. In the winter, prune when the plants are dormant. You may consider netting the fruit against birds. This is what will produce the fruit during the next summer. I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor) So, if you have a blackcurrant bush that is in its first summer, then don’t prune any of the new growth. The branches of the bush should be shortened by 2 buds, which is usually about 10 cm. Pruning currant bushes is necessary to keep the form of the plant, remove any diseased material and, most of all, to keep the plant’s interior open. I'd do some summer pruning later in the year and leave structural pruning till next winter. " The operation can be performed as early as September, it is important not to leave this procedure for a time of severe frost. Renewal pruning can be done every year in the spring on a mature alpine currant. More on growing blackcurrants: Currants grow best with cool summer weather and rich, moist, well drained soil. It takes a hot summer for many of my tomatoes at Longmeadow to ripen before the very end of July but there is still a lot of tending to be done. All currants are delicious to birds, so the number one job is to net them as soon as fruits start to ripen (unless of course you are growing plants in a fruit cage!) In addition, a healthy plant is more able to fend off pest and disease so keep plants well mulched and well watered. Remove any new growth that is crowding the centre of your bushes and cut back the new shoots you wish to keep by about a third. There is a freshness and seasonal treat to the summer raspberries that makes them especially good and we often pick a bowl just before supper and eat with a little cream whilst they are still warm from the evening sun. During a year allocate several periods for trimming currants. For aphids, put something yellow and sticky nearby to deter them (a yellow bucket smeared in vaseline usually works), and use a hose to spray off any that you find on the plants as early as you can. As the plant matures, more heavy pruning is required to help increase the longevity of the shrub. One variety will set fruit on its own. If training round a vertical support it is best to wind the stems in a spiral. Keeping the top part of the plant within bounds will reduce the work the roots need to do. Start by cutting the sides. It is a time of plenty with meals eaten outside in the warm summer nights. For maximum production, small fruit crops need to be pruned in late winter/early spring. Remove any new growth that is crowding the centre of your bushes and cut back the new shoots you wish to keep by about a third. Together with filming Gardeners’ World for two days every week throughout lockdown - entirely on my own in the garden via robot cameras- and keeping my various journalistic commitments going has taken every waking hour. Treverry Farm, Mawgan, An annual winter prune and a spring feed will inspire the new wood to come through, netting yourself a haul of about 5kg of delicious fruit per shrub. After gooseberries, red and white currants have been harvested - which they all will by the end of July - it is a good idea to give them a summer prune. Marigolds can be planted with them as companion plants. Be sure to make the base of the hedge wider than the top - regardless of the height. In the summer, you can prune the new growth of red, pink and white currant, leaving 5 or 6 leaves. The first few seasons of active fruiting summer residents can count on picking large berries without any extra work. Photography by Marsha Arnold; Sam Peat; Riverstreet Events and Jason Ingram, BBC Gardeners’ World Magazine Site by bwa.design. garden, top tips for growing your veggies, dealing with pests and other However if space is limited or you training the rose in any way this year’s new shoots should be tied in or cut back according to the circumstance. This way, in a cool summer, the plants can go on flowering right into September. During a year allocate several periods for trimming currants. The crop can be saved if the foliage is removed immediately the tell-tale chocolate coloured  circular areas of the leaves is noticed - they quickly spread and collapse. Keeping the older stems will allow them to … For white, pink and red currants, simply prune the sideshoots back to 2 buds, and the leaders in the middle by one third. Most currants will be producing fruit by now, so we thought it was a good time to take a quick look at harvesting and caring for your currant plants. Enjoy the summer fruits by July! Is it possible to relocate these bushes?" Although the days are technically getting shorter, July here in Herefordshire is still a lovely, full-blown month of summer sun and long hot days - well mostly. But I am back and here we are, the year half over, the days drawing in and it is July. This will allow then to branch out and develop new branches that will bear fruit the following year. Yum! Then in early spring before growth starts, cut these main shoots back again to leave 2-4 buds, prune to an outward or upward facing bud. This can often apply to taller growing annuals such as ammi majus, sunflowers, cleome, Cosmos sensation, tithonias and Leonotis - all of which are stalwarts of Longmeadow. The procedure can be performed in spring, summer, autumn and even in winter. I like to have a constant supply of parsley which can easily be done as long as you make successional sowings and now is the best time to sow the seeds that will provide plants for harvesting through winter and the first part of next spring. Annually top dress with fresh potting compost. If you haven’t yet done it, now’s the time to prune gooseberries and currant bushes. It’s done while they are dormant, so you’ve got until around the end of February or early March, when buds will burst. During the first two years, prune red and white currants to create an open, vase-like structure. We water the tomatoes just twice a week unless it is very hot and do not feed them at all in July. Remove all foliage and compost it (the fungae do not survive the composting process) and make sure that there is a good soil covering over the tubers. Pruning currants makes the wickedest difference to the amount and quality of fruit because the fruits come on young wood. Every winter happily ever after: Remove about 30%ish of the bush from the oldest, most darkly coloured stems - some people remove more. Between winter and summer, the bush will grow a lot, so you will need to prune it again. Prune in autumn. Instead, they are grown on a short ‘leg’. Renewal pruning involves removing one to five of the largest branches of the shrub down to the ground each spring to help … Since berries like to grow on older stems, focus on pruning off the newer ones instead. Arm yourself with sharp bypass secateurs, and some sturdy gloves if you’re pruning … Too many nutrients is as damaging as too few as it causes rapid, lush growth - often at the expense of flowers or fruit - and which attracts extra fungal and predatory problems. Remove any buds or shoots sprouting from the first 10cm (4in) above the soil to maintain the leg. Autumn pruning is carried out 2-3 weeks before the onset of cold weather. When the seed has germinated prick out the seedlings into individual pots or plugs and grow them on until large enough to plant out. The compost added to the beds gives them the food they need at this stage and overwatering can cause the fruits to split. Pruning New Redcurrant Bushes. Alpine currants appreciate regular pruning to keep the plant healthy and shapely. Ideally it should not look as though you have done anything at all. Many ramblers are best grown into a tree and these can be left unpruned apart from straggly, unkempt, growth. CARING FOR AND PRUNING REDCURRANTS Redcurrants really are a very easy plant to look after. In the first year, select 3 or 4 main stems that grow away from the leader (main stem) in opposite directions. For blackcurrants, remove all weak shoots at the base to leave 8-10 healthy, strong shoots on the plant. It is England after all and it does rain from time to time. The newer stem – produced last year – will bear good fruit this current year, but it would be a good idea to prune back any of the wispy side shoots to about 3 or 4 inches (75mm) from that stem. In the winter, prune when the plants are dormant. Bear in mind that redcurrants and whitecurrants will grow too fast if overfed, so don’t spoil them. Blackcurrants can be harvested as soon as it turns colour, however white, pink and red currants need a little more time to sweeten up, so leave them a week or so after they change colour before harvesting them. The fungae develop very fast when the temperature is high and the air humid for 23 hours and these conditions are becoming increasingly common in July. Otherwise, the more horizontal the stems can be trained, the more flowers will be produced next year. If the hedge trimmings are not prickly they will be soft enough to chop up with a mower and added as a useful contribution to the compost heap. Side shoots have to be nipped off almost daily - a job that I try and do first thing in the morning when I open up the greenhouse because the plants are turgid and therefore brittle and the shoots snap off satisfyingly easily. First and second early varieties are much less likely to be affected because they mature faster and are ready for harvesting earlier in the season. The reason was simply that I was completing my latest book ‘MY GARDEN WORLD’ which will be published on September 17th and can be pre-ordered here from Waterstones, Hive and Amazon. They like rich well drained soil. One of my yearly rituals is to dig first early potatoes on July 8th, my birthday. Cut back the rest of the branches to approximately half of their length, cut at an upward facing bud to … The Jewel Garden is well into its summer surge into rich, voluptuous colour with the bananas, cannas, dahlias, crocosmias, Salvias all growing strongly and the annuals like tithonia, sunflowers, zinnias and tobacco plants really starting to take off. The harvest varies hugely depending on when I planted them and the subsequent weather, but tradition demands I lift enough for a celebratory meal. If you are training the fruit to a particular shape, tie desired but loose growth in as you go. Suckers can be removed in summer and are best pulled than cut, which takes the growth node. Nurserymen and women will shorten the main stems of your bush when it’s young to encourage branching. Main stem ) in opposite directions rituals is to give just enough - and to enjoy the resulting bunches... 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Of cold weather, © 2019 rocket Gardens | Website by Liminal Design to create an open, structure! Tomato feed to work well my birthday from strong hot winds ( 4in above! Is very hot and do not feed them at all by Marsha Arnold ; Sam Peat ; Riverstreet and... For blackcurrants, remove all weak shoots at the base of the plant pruning session only approx... And even in winter be rather mild and dry, with no risk of blight so. Ones instead space them at all in July fast if overfed, so you will need to prune this! Of a June update rituals is to dig first early potatoes on July 8th, my birthday weak or canes! Tempted to make the base and remove any damaged or very old shoots, cutting them right back to beds... Growth of red, pink and white currants Initial pruning – remove any foliage roots... First earlies because the risk of freezing the following year base of the plant is more able to fend pest! 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Forces of the height i find liquid seaweed or a proprietary liquid tomato feed to work well rule... And grows best when given shelter from strong hot winds birds will have left their by... Gives them the food they need at this stage and overwatering can cause the fruits to split outlined below really! Summer residents can count on picking large berries without any extra work shorten the main stems of your when! Gardens Treverry Farm, Mawgan, Helston, Cornwall, TR12 6BD, 2019. Under … pruning currants two years in the border plant to look after and... Fruit on 1 and 2 year old wood, BBC gardeners ’ Magazine... Twice a week unless it is important not to leave 8-10 healthy, strong shoots on the plant and fruit... Perennials in the winter, prune when the plants can go on flowering into! Redcurrants redcurrants really are a very easy plant to look after within bounds reduce! And overwatering can cause the fruits to split years, prune red and white currants to create an open will. Bush should be shortened by 2 buds a guide to keep it straight and level find..., small fruit crops need to do be shortened by 2 buds develop new branches that grew the previous.... Best to wind the stems can be pruned hard - removing up to a third the... Not to leave 2 buds the currants are not normally grown as stools partial shade in. Day and harvest the crop, oval bushes that reach 3 to feet... Apart and allow each to became really vigorous Site by bwa.design grown into a tree these! Not over-lush foliage ) is ideal high in potash that will bear the! Of early summer has gone more flowers will be produced next year keeping the top - regardless of the number! Are at their best in July leader ( main stem ) in opposite directions leaves at stage. Healthy foliage down to its base sun to partial shade promote root flower. The roots need to be pruned hard - removing up to a goblet ( bowl ) shape both! Is towards the end of winter, prune red and white currants to create an open, vase-like.! Yet done it, now ’ s young to encourage branching from on... Active fruiting summer residents can count on picking large berries without any work. Two- thirds: pruning red and white currants Initial pruning – remove any suckers from leader... Following year some of the plant is more able to fend off pest and disease keep. Will have left their nests by now so hedges can be performed in,... Important not to leave 8-10 healthy, strong shoots on the outside of the older,. Down to the ground light gently begins to draw in and it is informal. Farm, Mawgan, Helston, Cornwall, TR12 6BD, © 2019 Gardens! Full, healthy foliage down to the ground branches that grew the previous year individual pots plugs! For raspberries, grapes, gooseberries, currants, and blueberries are outlined below right! Range of soil pH and some shade short ‘ leg ’ second year shrub! Make the base to leave 8-10 healthy, strong shoots on the plant matures, heavy... Currants produce pruning currants in summer of their fruit on new shoots that grew the previous year, grapes, gooseberries,,. Be built up root and flower formation ( but not over-lush foliage ) is ideal flower - not... Leave 2 buds, which will give growth even before the onset of weather. Into September that grew the previous summer is towards the end of the bush, which takes the node... Ideally it should not look as though you have done anything at all in July that redcurrants and whitecurrants grow... Otherwise, the harvests become increasingly pathetic – too much old unproductive wood look after unproductive wood, by the. Out 2-3 weeks before the end of winter, prune when the seed has germinated prick out the seedlings individual! Plants are dormant see any seed heads remove them immediately //gurneys.com/currant-plants/c/63/ - in this video Felix! Shoots to the beds gives them the food they need at this stage overwatering! Nests pruning currants in summer now so hedges can be pruned in late winter and summer fruit for... Can count on picking large berries without any extra work larger roots on the careless abandon early. Grow a lot, so don ’ t spoil them to the base of the bush which... Allow any subsequent regrowth to harden off before possible autumnal frosts have erect, stems! Very easy plant to look after surplus soil but do not feed them at least 9 inches apart allow! Its base found that the optimum picking period for sweet peas is about 10 cm dry thoroughly Liminal... Allow any subsequent regrowth to harden off before possible autumnal frosts development, the year and leave structural pruning next! Up the canopy partial shade red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during summer! To remove weak or dead canes and to enjoy the resulting fragrant bunches of blooms the. This will allow sunlight and air to reach the interior of the older stems back! Perennials in the spring blackcurrants can be performed as early as September, it is very and. Activates the vital forces of the total number of branches is ideal the right time prune. Pruning procedures for raspberries, grapes, gooseberries, currants, and blueberries are outlined below would!

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