Dandelions are often considered a pesky weed in Canada and the U.S. yet European and Asian nations have greatly benefited for years … This is not unexpected in a group of plants in which hybridization, polyploidy, and apomixis are active. officinale, which is commonly called common dandelion or wandering dandelion. Identifying Characteristics. Taraxacum officinale has been widely used as a folkloric medicine for the treatment of diverse diseases. Leaves: Jagged, with deep lobes, similar in appearance to chicory leaves; Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale . Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. We investigated the hypothesis that dandelion clones (Taraxacum officinale Weber, sensu lato; Asteraceae) differ in their floral stage timing characteristics under a constant set of environmental conditions. Dandelion is a source of various nutrients and biologically active substances and its root and leaves contain vitamins (A, K, C and B-complex), minerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc and iron), micronutrients, fibre, lecithin and choline. Dandelion Official designation Dandelion leaves and root Family Asteraceae (= Compositae) Common names Priest's crown Swine's snout History According to the Arab physician, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), the name Taraxacum developed around 1000 AD from the Arab-Persian tharakhchakon via the Middle Latin. Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. 2. Family: ... Characteristics: 5-45 cm or 2-18 inches tall; Not native to North America but now quite invasive Was introduced to New England in the 1600s by European settlers as a salad green. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Dandelion. Effects of heavy metals on morphological characteristics of Taraxacum officinale Web growing on mine soils in NE Italy Claudio Bini a, Mohammad Wahsha a,⁎, Silvia Fontana a, Laura Maleci b a Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Italy b Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Florence, Italy molecules Article Flavonoid Preparations from Taraxacum o cinale L. Fruits—A Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Hemostasis Studies Bernadetta Lis 1, Dariusz Jedrejek 2, Joanna Rywaniak 3, Agata Soluch 2, Anna Stochmal 2 and Beata Olas 1,* 1 Department of General Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 90-236 Lodz, Poland; bernadetta.lis@biol.uni.lodz.pl The dried plant was ... Flavonoids and coumaric acid derivatives were identified from dandelion flower (Taraxacum officinale). Taraxacum officinale WEB Dandelion. Taraxacum officinale. In some other genera, such as Bidens (beggar-tick), the pappus awns are barbed, which permits them to stick in fur or clothing, and some achenes are thus transported by animals. The chief constituents of Dandelion root are Taraxacin, acrystalline and Taraxacerin, an acrid resin, with Inulin (a sort of sugar which replaces starch in many of the Dandelion family, Compositae), gluten, gum … Plant Name. – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Common Name: Common Dandelion Plant Characteristics. The common dandelion (Taraxacum offinale) is an introduced plant from Europe and Asia that is so hardy, it grows in every state, as well as most provinces throughout Canada and into Mexico. Taraxacum officinale is the most common variety of this plant, and it grows in many parts of the world. Officinale is New Latin and means ‘of pharmaceutical value‘. Microscopic Characteristics Under the microscope, transverse sections of the root of Taraxacum show a porous, pale yellow wood from 1 to 4 mm. Some taxonomists (e.g., Ferris 1960, Weber 1967, Welsh 1974, Tayl. Wigg. Dandelion seed head. Dandelion in flower. Roots Dandelions have deep tap roots that … Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. 1989, Richards 1994, Cody 1996) recognize six or fewer native species (e.g., T. californium Munz. Mature plants arise from a strong, deep taproot that exudes a milky substance when cut. Taraxacum officinale ← → Synonyms ... Taraxacum vulgare . Major flower production starts in ... pointed jagged edges and typically lack hairs. Taraxacum officinale, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale, Weber, T. Densleonis, Desf; Leontodon taraxacum, Linn. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Properties. ceratophorum) is native there. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Other details: May be a noxious weed or invasive. Family. In this study, plants of Taraxacum officinale Web growing on mixed sulphides (Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) mine waste in NE Italy were studied in order to assess the levels of potentially toxic heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) in plants in relation to soil, and to investigate the accumulation ability and morphological response to environmental stress. There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. Dandelion History Taraxacum officinale WEB. The dandelion, which can grow to between 10cm and 50cm in height, is a very hardy plant with a root system resembling a tap root. Mid Summer. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. Dandelion in pasture. Herb: Dandelion Latin name: Taraxacum officinale Synonyms: Taraxacum vulgare Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Dandelion: The dandelion is a commonly used herbal remedy. Distinguishing Characteristics. The common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale. Geographic subdivisions for Taraxacum officinale: CA-FP, GB : MAP CONTROLS 1. Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer. Weber Aggreg.) When leaves are cut, milky sap exudes from the cut surface. Key characteristics Biology Impacts Control Further information Key characteristics. The basal leaves are individually up to 10" long and 2½" across. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Schinz & R. Keller, which is commonly called common dandelion. This common, naturalized lawn weed is native to Eurasia. ... Botanical characteristics. 3. Bloom Characteristics: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds. [24] European dandelions Bloom Size: Unknown - Tell us. isolated and identified based on cultural characteristics, morphological and microscopic studies are as under: Characteristics of rhizospheric fungi isolated from Taraxacum officinale L. and Mentha arvensis L. It was observed from the present study that rhizospheric soil of Taraxacum officinale … Taraxacum officinale ssp. Taraxacum officinale. and MacBryde 1977, Douglas et al. Taraxacum officinale ssp. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Named for the shape of its foliage resembling the teeth of a lion, the dandelion is a staple of springtime, coming up in lawns whether you want them or not. in thickness, the latter composed of concentric layers of lacticiferous vessels and sieve tissues, alternating with whitish inulin-bearing parenchyma. …as in Taraxacum officinale (dandelion), it facilitates distribution of the achenes by the wind by providing buoyancy. Dandelion . Europe. Obtained from dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and rich in fructans, APOLLUSKIN ® protects the skin from environmental contamination effects.By limiting inflammation and proteins oxidation that are induced by pollution, APOLLUSKIN ® improves the radiance and the skin grain which are penalized by aggressions. Taraxacum officinale WEB. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Scientific Name. Dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a well-known medicinal plant that grows naturally in Europe, North and South America and Asia. 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