He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historia animalium The Swiss physician, natural scientist, and polymath Conrad Gessner was the founder of modern zoology, charted new directions in botany, and published the most lavishly illustrated book on minerals and fossils of the 16th century. These topics included, among others, all the known names of the animal in living and dead languages, the animal’s physical description, geographical range, uses in medicine, and even any mentions in history and literature.  Before Gessner, descriptions of animals were mostly in list format with only the more interesting, or useful, animals being given more thorough treatment. Gessner amassed such a collection of zoological specimens he created a museum in house for them (rumour has it that this is where Gessner requested to be laid just before died). Dezember 1965, des großen Zürcher Naturforschers, Universalhistorikers und Arztes Conrad Gessner herausgegeben). Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), surnommé "le Pline de l'Allemagne" eut pour passion sa vie durant de réunir et de coordonner les matériaux de son grand ouvrage sur l'Histoire naturelle, quadrupèdes, oiseaux, poissons, plantes, fossiles et minéraux. This March we will be celebrating the 500th birthday of the Swiss naturalist (born 26 March 1516), Konrad Gessner (or Conrad Gesner), and his key role in the beginnings of modern zoology. Todestag, den 13. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria … Copy-specific information: He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. 53–88, https://archive.org/stream/bibpapers9a10bibluoft#page/56/mode/2up. The insertions from Rondelet and Belon bring additional value to this book, which makes Gessner the oldest author on the history of animals. Stück von der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich zur Erinnerung an den 400. Identifying disease threats to wildlife and understanding... Covid-19 most likely originated in a species of bat before... http://www.zsl.org/about-us/zsl-library-collection, Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and … USTC : 664936 , 74931 . In 1537, he was appointed professor of Greek at the Academy in Lausanne. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. “Conrad Gessner is one of the most important scientists in Switzerland; he is the father of zoology, and also of bibliography. As 3rd March is World Book Day, Gessner’s book is particularly appropriate to highlight as he attempted to describe all the known animals (and some unknown) of the world. Maria Cochetti, (Rome, 1990). Alfredo Serrai, Conrad Gesner, ed. Gessner Conrad Icones avium omnium, quae in historia avium Conradi gesneri describuntur, cum nomenclaturis singulorum Latinis, italicis, Gallicis et Germanicis plerunque, per certos ordines digestae. Rondeletius. Conrad Gesner studied classical languages and theology in Strasbourg and as of 1533 studied medicine in Bourges, Paris, and Montpellier. USTC : 664937 , 74932 . The Swiss physician, natural scientist, and polymath Conrad Gessner was the founder of modern zoology, charted new directions in botany, and published the most lavishly illustrated book on minerals and fossils of the 16 th century. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Retrieved 26 September Gessner, Conrad ; et al. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and … He was a prolific writer, publishing 72 books, many of them compilations of contemporary knowledge in a number of different fields. It is an enormous effort that covered the zoological information known until that century. ), Zoology in Early Modern Culture. Et II. For guided tours please contact us. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. An inspired, informed and empowered community of people work, study and volunteer together at ZSL. Every month, one of the pieces held in ZSL’s Library and at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo will feature here as Artefact of the Month. London: Thames & Hudson pp. In: Paul J. Smith and Karl A.E. Yet despite Gessner’s best efforts for accuracy, there are still some ‘interesting’ descriptions and illustrations of animals, including an unusual looking giraffe, a unicorn and even a hydra! His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria … Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library. A number of plants and animals have been named after him. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historiae animalium 1551–1558) and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. By: Gessner, Conrad, - Cambier, Robert, - Wechel, Johann, Edition: Nunc denuo recognitus ac pluribus in locis / ab ipso authore ante obitum emendatus & auctus, atq[ue] aliquot nouis iconibus & descriptionibus locupletatus, ac denique breuibus in margine annotationibus illustratus ; adiecti … The complete work includes a fifth volume: Lib. Kusukawa, S. (2007) Konrad Gessner: the beginnings of modern zoology (1516-1565). He studied at Strasbourg, Bourges (1532–1533) and Paris.In 1535, religious unrest drove him back to Zürich, where he made an … Bay, J. C. (1916) Konrad Gessner (1516–1565), the Father of Bibliography : an appreciation. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. News release. For generations, the book was the foundation of animal science on the long road to modern zoology. He studied classical languages, appearing in a play when he was only 15. Editio secunda Zurich : Christoph I Froschauer 1560 BnF : FRBNF30502449. Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in —58 andis an encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Hisoriae Gessner — Gessner Conrad Icones animalium quadrupedum viviparorum et oviparorum, quae in historiae animalium Conradi gesneri libro I. 208728.Principal Office England - Company Number RC000749 - Registered address Regent's Park, London, England NW1 4RY, Elephant from Konrad Gessner's Historiae animalium, Giraffe from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Unicorn from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Rhinoceros from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Hydra from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium. We do not know a great deal about Gessner’s family life, but it is believed that he was born in to a large family, where with so many mouths to feed, the young Gessner was sent to spend his childhood in the care of a grand uncle. Subscribe to email updates from ZSL and expect to hear about: The Zoological Society of London is incorporated by Royal Charter - Registered Charity in England and Wales no. Discover more about our amazing animals at the UK's biggest zoo! Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. The Great Naturalists. In: Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 10: pp. Concerning aquatic animals on the swallow (a flying sea-fish). In 1545, Gessner published his book The Universal Bibliography, in which he sought to record all of the titles of books that had ever been written since antiquity. Meppel: S.n., 1977. View Volume. note 2: The purpose of the book is defined in several books and articles as an encyclopedia (as Gesner himself purports it), though the specific source of my knowledge of it came from Acheson's article. Our people are our greatest asset and we realise our vision for a world where wildlife thrives through their ideas, skills and passion. Holding Institution: Smithsonian Libraries. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. 71-75. Zürich, Froschauer, 1558. Gessner called upon the literature of early naturalists such as Pliny and Aristotle for many descriptions, and significantly he tried to gather as much physical evidence as he could by using traveller’s descriptions and specimens. At an early age Gessner displayed an aptitude for linguistics and classics, and combined with his inclination for natural history, he deeply impressed his tutors of the time. ZSL works across Asia, from the famous national parks of Nepal to marine protected areas in the Philippines. LC copy imperfect: v. 2 wanting 27 p. at end. Gessner, Conrad]. Read testimonials from our Members and extracts from ZSL's award winning members' magazine, Wild About. We're working around the world to conserve animals and their habitats, find out more about our latest achievements. ... Gessner, Conrad, 1516-1565. Describvntur, cum nomenclaturis singulorum Latinis, Graecis, italicis, Gallicis, et Germanicis digestae. Hear from the team about our projects to protect the environments in the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. Conrad Gessner 1516-1565. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. The team tell us all about the exciting sessions for school children, as well as work further afield. V. Qui est de serpentium natura ex variis schedis et collectaneis ejusdem compositus per J. Carroum ... Tiguri, 1587. From the field to the lab, catch up with the scientists on the cutting edge of conservation biology at ZSL’s Institute of Zoology. If you would like to consult any of these works in person, please contact the Library to make an appointment as they form part of our ‘special collections’  http://www.zsl.org/about-us/zsl-library-collection. Read the latest updates on our conservation. He later went on to teach Greek in Lausanne, and then Aristotelian philosophy back in his hometown of Zurich, where he then spent much of the remainder of his life. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. Sophia Hendrikx, Identification of herring species in Conrad Gessner’s ichthyological works, a case study on taxonomy, nomenclature, and animal depiction in the sixteenth century. Each animal has a woodcut to illustrate it, with a thorough description broken down in to eight topics. These are some of the oldest volumes in ZSL Library. Conrad Gessner (or Konrad Gessner, 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer.His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is a forerunner of modern zoology.The flowering plant genus Gesneria is named after him.. Career. He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. So much so, that he was awarded a scholarship to study in Bourges University in France, in 1533. Conrad Gessner was born in Zurich, Switzerland back in 1516 Ursus, sorry no mention of the mother. He attended the Carolinum in Zurich and later moved to the Fraumunster seminary. In: Huxley ed. Do you love wildlife? Conrad Gessner, Historia Piscium. Although the book took Gessner just four years to complete, it was a major accomplishment, and was widely praised for its comprehensive coverage. Enenkel (Eds. This March we will be celebrating the 500th birthday of the Swiss naturalist (born 26 March 1516), Konrad Gessner (or Conrad Gesner), and his key role in the beginnings of modern zoology. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Date Scanned: 09/26/2013. Conrad Gessner's "Historia Animalium": An Inventory of Renaissance Zoology. ZSL Library holds 4 of the 5 original Gessner volumes of Historiae animalium, plus a later abridged version from 1560. It was because of this book that Gessner earned the nick name ‘The Father of Bibliography’.Â. Beaulieux, 1904 : p.388 . Images from the volume will be displayed in ZSL Library from Thursday 3rd March 2016 as part of World Book Day Celebrations. Robert Lauterborn, "Konrad Gessner und die Tierkunde," in Der Rhein, (Freiburg, 1930), 1, 136-8. All special exhibitions and events to mark the 500 th anniversary of the birth of the Zurich polymath Conrad Gessner (1516-1565) His work is a benchmark in natural history studies. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria … This year choose a gift that lasts all year long - get 20%... Sir David Attenborough and celebrities ask for your help to... Find opportunities to get involved with marine conservation. Print. The five-hundredth and first anniversary of Conrad Gessner’s (1516-1565) birth was celebrated this year, with the Biodiversity Heritage Library hosting a webinar on the Smithsonian’s Rare Book Library’s collection of Gessner works. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. In der Rhein, ( Freiburg, 1930 ), 1, 136-8 in Bourges, Paris, Montpellier... 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