These attacks on Poland’s democracy directly threaten American values and interests. Although the formal political opposition ranges from the center-right Civic Platform, which ruled the country until Kaczyński’s victory four years ago, to leftist parties like the Democratic Left Alliance, these disparate interests have managed to coordinate their resistance to the regime. Lots of towns, especially those in eastern Poland that form the bedrock of support for the current government, became backwaters, attracting no investment and seeing their citizens flee for jobs in larger Polish cities or to Western Europe. Leaders meeting Thursday worked out a compromise with Hungary and Poland, who had vetoed the bloc’s budget and stimulus plans over threats that they could lose access to funds. Why has a relatively united and professional opposition proved so powerless to orchestrate a broader majority against it? The government’s conservative social policies, closely tied to the Catholic Church, have met with a backlash from women hoping to change a political culture that developed after Communism fell. In January 2019, Ambassador Joanna Wronecka (Poland), chair of the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee, is expected to provide the quarterly briefing to the Security Council on the committee’s work. Dr. Kartha was a member of India’s National Security Council for 15 years and has over 30 years’ experience in national security policy. Iran 1 day ago. In an astoundingly short span of time, he has turned state television networks into reliable purveyors of government propaganda; gained effective control of the country’s court system; weakened the independence of the electoral commission; restricted free speech; and initiated a number of high-profile trials against political opponents, including the director of the European Solidarity Center. US politics. But one thing is undeniable: It is now deeply demoralized. The honeymoon did not last long. Taco Hemingway became one of his country’s biggest rappers with tracks about partying. The new Law and Justice Party argued that liberals, homosexuals, and Communists were aiming to undermine the true character of the nation from within. Anybody who votes for Law and Justice, a succession of local opposition figures told me with varying degrees of explicitness, is a religious fanatic, an uneducated rube, or a deluded idiot. A chronology of key events in the history of Poland, from 966 to the present. Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year) The 14 conflicts in the … The opposition has mostly avoided infighting. After they managed to gain reelection, that resistance started to crumble. A few minutes’ walk from the center of Gdańsk, with its redbrick churches and cobblestone alleyways, a giant sans serif sign welcomes visitors to the city’s historic shipyard: the STOCZNIA GDAŃSKA. Iran to increase nuclear production, prohibit inspectors from US if sanctions not lifted: reports. Poles voice fears of 'Polexit' as govt defies EU over budget. This summer, his focus changed and so did the kind of attention he got. It’s supposed to provide the country with a unifying narrative. Once Law and Justice took power, it implemented the system, sending a monthly payment to the bank accounts of many Polish voters. Yascha Mounk: What to make of the European elections. Key Recent Developments . But now the unemployment rate … It also co-hosted, with the United States, the 2019 Ministerial to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in the Middle East in Warsaw. There’s the mostly metropolitan Poland of well-educated and affluent optimists who are grateful for the opportunities they have been able to seize since the country emerged from Communism. After traveling to Poland a few weeks ago, I came away with three overlapping explanations. In the election for the European Parliament this past May, they even formed a joint list, the European Coalition. Poland’s leader, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, has hand-picked his second prime minister in two years, opting last w The Polish republic, created at the end of World War I, was extinguished in September 1939 by its powerful German and Soviet neighbours in the war that launched the second global conflict in a generation. Even more deeply than in the United States, it now feels as though the country has been sawed in half. Amb. Read: A warning from Europe: The worst is yet to come. Wałęsa keeps an office in the former, but has not set foot in the latter in many years. CONFLICTS. But on the other hand, the Ukrainian conflict also provided Poland with an opportunity to leverage its position on the front lines of the Russia-West standoff. The move came after two weeks of protests that were the most intense in the country since the 1989 collapse of communism. Political scientists will likely continue to debate the exact causes of the opposition’s weakness for years to come. The country’s upcoming elections are crucial. Thus, Poland… Reserved. Observing Polish politics from a distance, I was long puzzled by the failure of the opposition. It is the latest episode in a bitter conflict over historical memory … The ongoing conflict has isolated Poland within the EU, while also exposing the bloc’s apparent inability to rein in governments that contradict its core democratic values. In Poland’s first democratic elections after the fall of Communism, Wałęsa endorsed a slate of candidates for the Sejm, the country’s Parliament. Poland joined the EU in 2004 and public support for membership remains strong, despite the tussles between Brussels and PiS. Despite this show of unity, however, the outcome of that election was a bitter disappointment: Law and Justice emerged as the largest party, with the European Coalition coming in a distant second place. And then there’s the mostly rural and exurban Poland of those who fear that their traditional way of life is about to disappear, and intuit that the winners of the country’s economic transition have come to look down on them. The government’s tangible achievements shine all the more brightly because the opposition has failed to coalesce around a charismatic leader who is capable of formulating a positive vision for the country’s future. USIP Jennings Randolph Fellows Dr. Tara Kartha and Ambassador Jalil Jilani look at the latest crisis in Kashmir from their respective views. 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