weADAPT® has been established since 2007. To subscribe to the weADAPT newsletter, click here. This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems in Rwanda. Rwanda boasts an agreeable tropical climate that’s not too hot or too cold. It is warm throughout most of the year but it can be cooler in the mountains. Temperature trends The economic impacts of climate change in Rwanda, Presentation given at the public launch event 24th February 2009, Briefing Note on the economics of climate change for Africa (impacts, adaptation and low carbon growth). Variation of temperature and precipitation in the area of study. Here are the average sunshine hours per day in Kigali. Factors influencing the adoption of soil conservation techniques in Northern Rwanda Alphonse Nahayo Nanjing Agricultural University, Institute of Resources, Ecosystem and Environment of Agriculture, Center of Climate Change and Agriculture, 210095, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China It is structured in 3 sections: Section 1 explains how ecosystems and ecosystem services play a vital role for human well-being. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point due to a drop in the government integrity score. Santo Domingo are or upper Amazon Basin – Rio Napo - (0-1500m) Esmeraldes, coastal tropical … Kigali - Sunshine. Christopher Furgal, PhD, Nasivvik Centre, Public Health Research Unit, CHUL; Political Science Dept., Université … (GIZ/adelphi, 2014)The private sector is largely informal: Out of the estimated 123,000 businesses, only 14,000 firms are registered with the Rwanda Revenue Authority.The construction sector has been growing very fast, making up around half the GDP of the whole industry. Cloudy, sunny, and precipitation days. A large proportion of Rwanda’s inhabitants is very poor and lives in rural areas. Discuss this Theme with the experts on the Forum, “Dear colleagues, The third edition of the Climate Ledger Initiative (CLI) report, Navigating Blockchain and Climate...”, “ICIMOD is pleased to share a list of activities that we are planning to organize for the celebration of International...”, “Dear WeADAPT colleagues, We hope you can join us for this international virtual event hosted by the International...”. Rwanda final launch presentation: The Economics of Climate Change in Rwanda. Rwanda is situated south of the Equator in east-central Africa. The assessment focuses on agriculture, health, and sea level rise (SLR), estimating the costs that would be incurred in the year 2050 due to changes in climate or to loss of land from SLR. According to the statistics, there are only 38 companies (around 1% of all companies) that have more than 100 employees. Webinar on Navigating Blockchain and Climate Action (17 December - 4PM CET), A week for mountains: ICIMOD planned activities for the celebration of International Mountain Day 2020, Canada’s Action on Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Adaptation. weADAPT® is partly funded by core support to the Stockholm Environment Institute from Sida. There are lots of factors that influence our climate. In general, the east of Rwanda, including Akagera NP, shares the warm climate of Kigali. This document synthesises the latest results from the COACCH project on the economic costs of climate change in Europe by sector and socio-economic tipping points. However, it never gets extremely hot due to the relatively high altitude. The period covered by this study, Rwanda has faced a period of high inflation due to the domestic economy system, non economic factors influence and external factors, in that period, GDP also was diminished. Congo river basins, Rwanda has abundant lakes, rivers, and wetlands, and groundwater is an important water source in rural areas. Though it’s located just south of the equator, the country’s high altitude … Section 2 identifies patterns of change stressing ecosystems and influencing their vulnerability. Rwanda Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. In Rwanda, where most agriculture is rain-fed, climate risks are one of the key factors that influence the competitiveness of local agricultural cooperatives. Section 4 shifts focus from climate change impacts on ecosystems and services to exploring the role and value of ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation. This includes the aggregated estimates of impacts and adaptation undertaken as part of the DFID funded study. Electricity infrastructure can be damaged and result in power outages. The nation is bordered by Tanzania to the east, DR Congo and Lake Kivu to the west, Uganda to the north, and Burundi to the south. Social Factors: Social factors like religion, caste, race, family system, education, status of woman, etc. at Lower respiratory disease is an unexpected, but serious health concern in Rwanda. Therefore, the effects of a changing climate are strongly felt by the Rwandan economy and population.(ibid.). This report reviews current knowledge and knowledge gaps on the economic costs of climate change in Europe, including the costs of inaction and socio-economic tipping points. Month. Climate services have been promoted as essential for promoting resilient agriculture. Distance from the sea. Explain factors that influence the distribution of vegetation in Kenya . Rwanda has experienced a temperature increase of 1.4°C since 1970, higher than the global average. 1.1. The COACCH project will produce improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe that can be accessed directly by research, business and policy makers. 582628/fax. also influence fertility in a country. There are two rainy seasons in Rwanda: mid January to April and mid October to mid December. Its capital and the largest city is Kigali. In Asian countries, marriage is a social institution and a … “Life zones” on a high mountain reflect the changes, plants at the base are the same as those in surrounding countryside, but … Judith Alain, MSc Student, Community Health, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Université Laval (Judith.alain.1@ulaval.ca) 2. Rwanda has variety of potential energy resources from biomass, hydro, solar, petroleum, methane gas, wind and geothermal. Cotopaxi mountain (5987m), permanent snow and high altitude alpine tundra (4000-5000m) Andean mountain cloud forest (Mindo area 1600 – 2200m Highland scrub (Paramo, 3200-4000m) Inter-Andean agricultural land (Machachi area 2300-3200m) Lowland tropical rainforest e.g. Rwanda has a temperate tropical highland climate, with lower temperatures than are typical for equatorial countries due to its high elevation. The rains in Rwanda usually occur in the form of downpours or thunderstorms, but there is not much sun, in fact, the sky is often cloudy, although in the driest months, especially in June and July, the sun comes out more often. Climate information services are emerging as a means to support farmers to manage risk and provide an opportunity to build the resilience of agriculture to climate … climate change in Rwanda Dr. Timmo Gaasbeek Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It also explores flexible approaches to address the adaptation of ecological and socio-economic systems in the Virungas region to changing future conditions. Answers. Despite its proximity to the equator (just 223km or 139 miles south of the equator), Rwanda's high altitude grants the country an agreeable climate year-round, with peak temperatures rarely climbing above 30°C (86°F) in the daytime or dropping below 15°C (59°F) at night. Relief and climate: Rwanda has a hilly and mountainous relief with an altitude ranging between 900 m and 4.507 m, and has a tropical temperate climate due to its high altitude. This section also analyses the climate-sensitivity of most vulnerable ecosystems in the region. Despite its proximity to the equator, the climate in Rwanda is cooled by the high altitude. This document describes current threats and future potential impacts of climate change on the Virungas mountain gorillas in Rwanda. Current climate variability affects health in Rwanda, and climate change is likely to impose new stresses, summarized in the following table. Submitted by Sabrina Lambat | published 19th Jul 2011 | last updated 17th Mar 2020. Rwanda’s variable and changing climate is an increasingly serious challenge to the country’s agricultural sector and farming population. This is the page for the Rwanda National Advisory Committee for the DFID funded study on the Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Rwanda. Rwanda is a landlocked country with a moderate climate and relatively high rainfall. The elderly, specifically those over 80, are especially vulnerable to lower respiratory infections after a lifetime of exposure to factors that cause lower respiratory infections. Climate Change and Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda, Climate and climate change analysis for Rwanda. Stockholm Environment Institute, Research Fellow republic of rwanda ministry of lands, environment, forestry, water and mines p.o. Climate and Average Weather in Rwanda. a)Topographical Factors 1. Climate trends According to Cole et al (2011) • Temperature increased by 1.4 oC since 1970, expected to increase • Rainfall stable, expected to increase. Designing robust, flexible adaptation strategies for national adaptation plans. Rwanda final launch presentation: The Economics of Climate Change in Rwanda. The parks in the western mountainous area, including Volcanoes NP and Nyungwe Forest NP, are a lot colder with daytime temperatures around 16°C–21°C (61°F–70°F), due to the even higher altitude. Warming temperatures and longer dry spells will likely diminish surface flows, leading to water shortages Kigali, in the centre of the country, has a typical daily temperature range between 12 °C (54 °F) and 27 °C (81 °F), with little variation through the year. The high fluctuation has been observed in the war period 1990-1994. Section 3 explores the effects of climate change on ecosystem services and the possible implications for human well-being and development given two possible future pathways. The graph shows the monthly number of sunny, partly cloudy, overcast and precipitation days. They are discussed as under: (1) Religion: Religion affects fertility in many societies. The economics of climate change in East Africa: ClimateCost: The Full Costs of Climate Change. 3. drying out of seedlings, Negatively affect crop yields and quality, Heat can lead to lower productivity of workers. (NAPA-Rwanda, 2006; IIED, 2013). Rwanda's mountainous geography influence its climate. A Rapid Assessment of a National Energy and Low Carbon Path for Rwanda for discussion by the Steering Group. It has a modified humid climate including rainy forest and Savannah types. Amount of water (clouds) and dust in the atmosphere. These relatively abundant water resources face increased pressure from a changing climate. Delivered timely, and in a way that users can understand and apply, climate services can help farmers make better decisions around crop management, for example on what crops to plant and when to sow. Cold days and cold nights are expected to decrease by 5-10% (depending on the scenario). It is structured in 3 sections: Section 1 explains how ecosystems and ecosystem services play a vital role for human well-being. Thus, they are directly dependent on natural resources, including water availability and soil quality. Not yet a member? This paper has compiled indicative emissions projections for Rwanda, which are consistent with the objectives in the Vision document and other strategic national planning documents. Latitude (angle of sun’s rays and effect on day length). Rwanda is located within the equatorial belt, its climate is strictly not of the equatorial rainy type. at This guide provides a framework for questioning how revenues, costs, and assets can be linked to potential project vulnerability arising from climate hazards. Assessing the costs of adaptation using multiple lines of evidence. Average temperatures are expected to increase up to 2.5°C by 2050 and up to 4°C by 2080, likely resulting in an expansion of the Malaria virus into regions of higher altitudes (MINIRENA, 2011; compared to 1990). Also, important sectors for the Rwandan economy are highly climate-sensitive, like agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Explain factors that influence the distribution of vegetation in Kenya. Rwanda has experienced the irregularities of rainfall but the impact of climate has no significance on crop production. Altitude (height above sea-level). Landslides that block roads and lead to shortages in production inputs, workers not reaching the company and transport interruption of finished products to clients. REMA estimates that the rainy seasons will be shorter and more intense. It is important to note that most of the physical factors influence population distribution only indirectly through climatic conditions. Climate change may influence the occurrence and distribution of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria. Heavy rainfall in 2002 induced floods and mudslides that forced many people from their homes. Aspect (the influence of slopes eg different sides of a valley). This theme covers information and research for understanding and using climate data, communicating climate change and providing effective climate services. Together with erratic rainfall, droughts affect 60-90% of the households in the districts of Bugesera, Nyanza, Gisagara, Huye, and Rusizi-Nyamasheke (Worldbank, 2016). The average annual temperature ranges between 16°C and 20°C, without significant variation. Stockholm Environment Institute. The study is led by Mr Prosper Musafiri and Dr Rose Mukankomeje (DG Minecofin and DG REMA respectively). Flooding of company premises which may lead the production to stop or destroy machines and stock. 582629 national adaptation programmes of action to climate change napa-rwanda … Research Associate Days with less than 20% cloud cover are considered as sunny, with 20-80% cloud cover as partly cloudy and with more than 80% as overcast. Rwanda has experienced a temperature increase of 1.4°C since 1970, higher than the global average. The South and Southeast is expected to have more intense and frequent droughts. Finally, it has considered the potential mechanisms that might emerge from the forthcoming negotiations, and the potential positions and implications for Rwanda. Rwanda is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods and exports of tea and coffee, wherefore it is highly vulnerable to climate change. Section 3 explores the effects of climate change on ecosystem services and the possible implications for human well-being and development given two possible future pathways for East Africa. Section 2 identifies patterns of change stressing ecosystems and influencing their vulnerability. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) make up the rest of the estimated 123,000 businesses operating in the country and provide 84% of private sector employment. Rwanda is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods and exports of tea and coffee, wherefore it is highly vulnerable to climate change. Altitude - Coniferous trees are found at high altitudes because they are adapted to cool conditions. Rwanda’s industry is at an infant stage, consisting of many informal small enterprises but growing very fast. This report describes and presents case studies of new methodologies to help the banking industry assess the physical risk and opportunities of climate change. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. The central and eastern part of the country is generally of semi-arid type owing to its position in the rainy shadow of the western highlands. Register or log in to comment on this content. Prevailing winds (the direction that winds usually blow from). If you see a problem with this website, please click here to inform us. Climate and climate change analysis for Rwanda; This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems in Rwanda. box 3502 kigali tel. Changes in precipitation (unpredictability), Negatively affect crop yields and quality; e.g. This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems at the regional level (East Africa): Section 1 explains how ecosystems and ecosystem services play a vital role for human well-being. FACTORS INFLUENCING VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON TRADITIONAL FOOD SECURITY IN IVUJIVIK, NUNAVIK Alain, J.1, Furgal, C.2 1. Physical Factors: Physical factors that affect population distribution include altitude and latitude, relief, climate, soils, vegetation, water and location of mineral and energy resources. Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Rwanda’s economic freedom score is 70.9, making its economy the 33rd freest in the 2020 Index. Regarding the future climate the following range of changes are projected: Sector Project Sustainable Economic DevelopmentDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbHDag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1-565760 Eschborn/Germany. The climate variability of R wanda is one of the most significant factors influencing year to year crop production. Factors influencing nutrition security included food consumption level, availability of food in the household, quality of care and sanitation. AdaptCost: Analysis of the Economic Costs of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa. Prepared as an input to the Kigali Finance For Development Meeting. Find out how to cite content from weADAPT. 1. Executive Summary. Therefore, climate risk management should be a key component of these local cooperatives’ business plans. Number of hot days and hot nights is projected to increase by 12-58% (hot days) and 31-86% (hot nights, depending on the scenario (CSC, 2013). It has then considered the potential for low carbon development and assessed different national emission indicators and potential targets. Most parts of Rwanda are projected to experience an increase in average precipitation with more intense rainfalls particularly in the rainy seasons, which will increase the intensity and frequency of floods and landslides. 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