His sister Scholastica, who came to live nearby as the head of a nunnery, died shortly before her brother. Here St. Benedict lived in continual prayer and asceticism for three years. On the constitutional level, Benedict’s supreme achievement was to provide a succinct and complete directory for the government and the spiritual and material well-being of a monastery. The au­then­tic­ity of this work has been hotly dis­puted, es­pe­cially by Dr Fran­cis Clarke in his two vol­ume work The Pseudo-Gre­go­rian Dialogues. The book creates an outline of laws and rules for monks to follow. Founder of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), Founder of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits). He also disciplined his flesh. The birthplace of St. Benedict has always drawn men from faraway lands to seek God after the pattern established by the great saint’s Rule. BENEDICT OF NURSIA. He is the patron saint of Europe. The working day is divided into three roughly equal portions: five to six hours of liturgical and other prayer; five hours of manual work, whether domestic work, craft work, garden work, or fieldwork; and four hours reading of the Scriptures and spiritual writings. Yet this ancient saint (480-543) lived a life developing deep wisdom in word and deed. His reforming zeal was resisted, however, and an attempt was made to poison him. In 546 Rome was sacked and emptied of inhabitants by the Gothic king Totila, and, when the attempt of Emperor Justinian I to reconquer and hold Italy failed, the papacy filled the administrative vacuum and shortly thereafter became the sovereign power of a small Italian dominion virtually independent of the Eastern Empire. Benedict, a book of precepts composed by the sixth-century father of Western monasticism, Benedict of Nursia, in response to the collapse of Roman civilization. Apart from a short poem at­trib­uted to Mark of Monte Cassino, the only an­cient ac­count of Bene­dict is found in the sec­ond vol­ume of Pope Gre­gory I's four-book Di­a­logues, thought to have been writ­ten in 593. 480 - ca. A group of monks asked him to be their abbot, but some of them found his rule too strict, and he returned alone to Subiaco. His Rule carefully integrated prayer, manual labor, and study into a well-rounded daily routine that has shaped Christianity for nearly 1,500 years. Again monks sought him out, and before long he had established 12 monasteries with 12 monks in each. A Cloister on the Mountainside The Monastero di San Benedetto in Monte is perched above the ancient town of Nursia, birthplace of St. Benedict, founder of Western monasticism. When he grew up, he studied in Rome. It is still used as the basis for monastic life in many orders today. He appoints his own officials—prior, cellarer (steward), novice master, guest master, and the rest—and controls all the activities of individuals and the organizations of the common life. Benedict’s character, as Gregory points out, must be discovered from his Rule, and the impression given there is of a wise and mature sanctity, authoritative but fatherly, and firm but loving. Early in 2012 the Monks of Norcia established a brewery in a renovated warehouse. Sent to school in Rome, he soon fled the worldliness of life in the city, abandoning his secular studies to become a monk. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! On the occasion of the dedication of the rebuilt monastery of Monte Cassino in 1964, Pope Paul VI proclaimed St. Benedict the principal, heavenly patron of the whole of Europe. In modern Roman Catholic cloisters, monks are, except for the serving brothers (, …Monte Cassino in 529 by Benedict of Nursia (. Although he first lived with a "company of virtuous men," soon a miracle the holy man performed, fixing a broken vessel, attracted attention. Trouvez les St. Benedict Of Nursia images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. He sought as little contact as possible with others. His boyhood was spent in Rome , where he lived with his parents and attended the schools until he had reached his higher studies. Later at Monte Cassino, Benedict gathered a larger community and whilst training the monks Benedict wrote The Rule of Saint Benedict … Remarkable as is this careful and comprehensive arrangement, the spiritual and human counsel given generously throughout the Rule is uniquely noteworthy among all the monastic and religious rules of the Middle Ages. Benedict of Nursia: Benedict was born at Nursia (Norcia) in Umbria, Italy, around 480 AD. 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