The Constitutional Tribunal (Polish: Trybunał Konstytucyjny) is the constitutional court of the Republic of Poland, a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. Explained: Why are women in Poland protesting against a court ruling on abortions? "The Constitutional Tribunal ruling regarding abortion is fully constitutional, and, what is more, in the light of the Constitution, it could not be different," Jarosław Kaczyński stated. "The move to further restrict abortion had been pursued by Poland's populist government for months, and has raised alarm among women's rights campaigners and human rights watchdogs." Disputes over powers between the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Polish Supreme Court as well as between the President of the Republic of Poland and the Polish Supreme Court; SK 26/18, 20 XI 2019. EU Policy on Human Rights 23rd October 2020 9:20 am ©Grzegorz Żukowski Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal Rolls Back Reproductive Rights. [10] Poland also repeatedly infringed on LGBTI rights, which has been denounced by the European Commission [11] and led the Commission to withhold EU funds from certain Polish cities. (Currently she is the Honorary President of the Federation). The head of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal Julia Przyłębska called recent claims made by her German counterpart “outrageous”. Judgment of the Constitutional Tribunal (sygn. Constitutional Tribunal Act View. The Privileged Few. Poland has one of the strictest abortion laws in Europe and the worst access to contraceptives on the continent. Demonstrators protest Oct. 25 in the Archcathedral Basilica of St. Stanislaus Kostka in Lodz, Poland, against the ruling by Poland's Constitutional Tribunal that imposes a near-total abortion ban. Indeed, the Polish constitution of 1997, in its number 38, reads: “The Republic of Poland guarantees to every man the legal protection of life.” The issue was debated in legal circles, but the legal opinion was clear: Several former presidents or members of the Tribunal claimed that this law contradicted the constitution. No person may be chosen for more than one term of office. 29 April 2016 . The PiS has already appointed the majority of judges to the Constitutional Tribunal, which has the power to veto legislation, and also controls the body that nominates all judges in Poland. The election of judges of the Constitutional Tribunal ; Kpt 1/20, 28 I 2020. On October 22, 2020, the Polish Constitutional Court, meeting in plenary session, rendered a historic decision declaring that eugenic abortion is contrary to the dignity and life of the human being, the respect of which are guaranteed by the Polish Constitution.. The protests have seen a broader outpouring of anger at Poland's nationalist rulers, with many criticising government judiciary reforms they say have allowed ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party to hand pick judges. Today, the Polish Constitutional Tribunal has just announced a ruling that will see cracking down on abortion rights in Poland, effectively banning abortion in this country. Needless to say, the political capture of the Constitutional Tribunal is only one of many violations of the rule of law that have been taking place in Poland since late 2015. In July 2020, Poland announced its intention to withdraw from the Istanbul Convention, and asked the Constitutional Tribunal to examine its constitutionality. This is the reason that the PiS government, supported by Viktor Orban from Hungary, is opposing the rule of law mechanism that is supposed to link EU funds to one of the key values of the European Union. Draft Constitutional Tribunal Act (Sejm Paper No 558) View. Hundreds of thousands of Poles have taken to the streets since an Oct. 22 Constitutional Tribunal ruling that sharply limited Poland's already restrictive abortion laws. The Constitutional Tribunal consists of 15 judges chosen individually by the Sejm for a term of office of 9 years from amongst persons distinguished by their knowledge of the law. Open Letter to the College of Commissioners regarding the situation in Poland View. The 15 Constitutional Tribunal judges are a rather privileged group. Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal has ruled that an existing law allowing abortion of malformed foetuses is unconstitutional, provoking an outcry from women and pro-choice activists. Hundreds of thousands of Poles have taken to the street since an Oct. 22 Constitutional Tribunal ruling that sharply limited Poland’s already restrictive abortion laws. Wanda Nowicka is currently a Member of the Polish Parliament and Chair of the Parliamentary Group on Women’s Rights. The resolution is titled ‘On the de facto ban on the right to abortion in Poland,’ but international law recognizes no ‘right’ to kill babies in the womb.Sat Dec 5, 2020 – 7:27 am EST By Stefano Gennarini, J.D., LifeSite News, December 5, 2020 The European Parliament has adopted a resolution directly attacking Poland’s pro-life […] Abortion is allowed in Poland also in cases where the pregnancy is a threat to the mother's life or health, or when the pregnancy is the result of rape. A group of 119 members of parliament have submitted a request to the Constitutional Tribunal, Poland’s top constitutional court, that could result in Poland’s abortion law, already among the strictest in Europe, being further tightened. Some of the perks: Very high salaries: around 20,000-23,000 PLN monthly ($6,000-7,000); the average monthly wage in Poland is 2,071 PLN ($618). On Monday, the Polish Constitutional Tribunal ruled that members of the National Council of the Judiciary (KRS) have been appointed without violating the constitution. The head of the German Federal Constitutional Court, Andreas Vosskuhle, has stated that the Polish Constitutional Tribunal is no longer a serious court and has rather become “a … Trouble for Poland's Constitutional Tribunal was already brewing in 2015, when PiS President Andrzej Duda refrained from installing three judges appointed by the opposition-controlled government. "The Constitutional Court's Thursday ruling marked the first change to Polish abortion law since 1993, but comes after a years-long effort from the country's right-wing government to curtail access to … On December 3, Poland's Constitutional Tribunal issued its ruling, finding that the Civic Platform's law was “partly unconstitutional.” According to the tribunal, three of the judges appointed by the previous parliament in October were chosen lawfully, but two others (who were supposed to begin their terms in December) were appointed based on an unconstitutional transitional provision. 22 July 2016 . A European Parliament resolution on Poland's abortion rights is an unprecedented attempt to interfere with the country's internal legal issues that are not covered by EU treaties, Poland's Constitutional Tribunal president, Julia Przylebska, has said. Poland In English/Telewizja Polska S. A. The Polish Constitutional Tribunal’s ruling to invalidate the constitutionality of access to abortion on the ground of “severe and irreversible fetal defect or incurable illness that threatens the fetus’ life” will further harm women and girls and violates their human rights, Amnesty International, the Center for Reproductive Rights and Human Rights Watch said today. They are frequently able to make much more by also teaching at universities or consulting as legal experts. She is the cofounder and President of the Polish Federation for Women and Family Planning – the leading prochoice NGO advocating for SRHR in Poland and internationally. Sunday saw demonstrations targeting churches. 22 December 2015 . 9 March 2016 . K 47/15) View. The Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland was established in December 1985. Poland's Constitutional Tribunal ruled in favour of a near-total ban on abortions last week, leading to four straight days of protests. 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