The morphological differences are that the New World species has a larger, truncated frontal shield whereas the Old World species has a smaller, rounder frontal shield. Moorhen is type of waterfowl that belongs to the rail family. The Purple Swamphen is a large rail. What they eat: Water plants, seeds, fruit, grasses, insects, snails, worms and small fish. Dusky Moorhens feed on a variety of (mostly aquatic) plants and small animals. The gallinule swims buoyantly, bobbing its head; it also walks and runs on open ground near water, and clambers about through reeds and cattails above the water. The Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio is also called the Pukeko in New Zealand and is a very easily identified gallinule. It was formerly considered to belong to the same species as the Common Moorhen, widespread in the Old World. Juvenile Moorhen often cause some confusion. But this leaves us with another opportunity to accept or deny change. Moorhen inhabits marshes and areas near the streams and ponds. The Western Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) – also written as Swamp Hen – is a wetlands bird native to the Iberian Peninsula, France, Sardinia, and northwest Africa.It belongs to the Rail family. The bill of the juvenile bird is a dull greenish yellow. The dusky moorhen (Gallinula tenebrosa) is a bird species in the rail family and is one of the eight extant species in the moorhen genus. Moorhens are blackish with a red and yellow beak and long, green legs. The body colouration is generally much lighter and browner and younger birds will often have a white throat. Which it most certainly is not. The bill is red and robust, and the legs and feet orange-red. It is related to rails, moorhens and coots. Adaptable and successful, this bird is common in the marshes of North and South America. Seen closer-up, they have a dark brown back and wings and a more bluish-black belly, with white stripes on the flanks. The AOU accepted the split, and so now we are back to having the Common Gallinule and the Eurasian Moorhen! It occurs in India, Australia, New Guinea, Borneo and Indonesia.It is often confused with the purple swamphen and the Eurasian coot due to similar appearance and overlapping distributions. Dusky Moorhen, back right, feeding on parts of underwater plants; in the foreground an Eurasian Coot (photo courtesy of J. Ross-Taylor) [Highland Park, Gold Coast, QLD, June 2014] It is mainly dusky black above, with a broad dark blue collar, and dark blue to purple below. Coot: The Coot has a black-charcoal colour plumage with a distinctive white front face shield and beak.The legs and feet are silver-grey with large lobed toes.Both sexes are alike. https://www.bto.org/.../bird-identification/videos/identifying-coot-and-moorhen It is the largest of three similar birds — the coot, dusky moorhen and the swamphen — being easily the largest with distinctive long legs with very long unwebbed and unlobed toes. And then I thought to myself, I can easily tell the difference between a Dusky Moorhen and a Purple Swamphen and Eurasian Coot, but there are a LOT of people who would see a coot or a moorhen and just assume it's a duck. There are around 10 species of moorhen that can be found all over the world except in the extremely cold (polar) and warm (tropical) areas. Gallinules Young birds may lack the white strip on the flank, but they usually have the distinctive white under tail feathers of the adult. 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