This theory, while having the patients best interest in mind, focuses on the healthcare provider and asking them to learn good habits while breaking bad habits in order to predispose them to making the correct decision automatically while providing care to their clients. The integration of nursing theories into practice demonstrates an evolutionary pathway for introducing a paradigm shift in the essence of the science of nursing. Mappes, T.A. As Doctors and more specifically Registered Nurses it is their duty to have a client’s best interest in mind and always act in their benefit. This paper will elaborate and critically reflect on the definitions of both and provide examples along with why the term/concept is important … Paternalism is a negative principle of nursing and is implied when a nurse does not respect the patients’ right to autonomy by making decisions for the patient because he or she thinks she knows what’s best for that patient (Sliva & Ludwick, 1999). Beneficence is very simple, it is referring to always doing what is beneficial to the patient and therefore in their best interest (Silva & Ludwick, 1999). Students with additional education in ethics will be knowledgeable about different ethical theories including virtue ethics, ethics of care and deontological ethics. In the area of nursing theory Lawrence Kohlberg’s theories of moral development are very influential. Nurses may find themselves in a position to make an ethical choice to provide care to a stranger should they come upon a car wreck or should a fellow airplane passenger experience a heart attack. Grand nursing theories are abstract and can be applied to many different situations. Nurses should be familiar with the ethics of the nursing profession, but also be comfortable with their own ethical code. The Ethics of Caring collaboration has been stimulating ethical discussions and providing ethical education for nurses and other healthcare providers since 1993. This is an essential process of becoming a nurse as nobody is perfect and allowing oneself to be open minded about change will allow them to be the best nurse possible.  2. Informed consent is directly related to autonomy in the fact that it allows the patient to make an informed decision about their treatment (Daly, 2009). The actual ‘good’ that is being referred to can be expressed in numerous ways such as referring to values such as happiness, being pain or symptom free, or another life enhancing outcome (“Ethical Theories,” n.d., para. Ethical relativism takes into account for the variability in what is considered to be normal or acceptable to any given culture. Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are Nurses may also be sanctioned by the State Board of Nursing or be fired by their employer for a breach of ethics. Nurses who are knowledgeable about ethical theories may be better prepared for ethical nursing practice as they will have a more thorough knowledge of which ethical approach will be most appropriate in a given situation. They help nurses distinguish between right and wrong when the correct path is unclear. The ethical principles in nursing includes definitions of fidelity, beneficence, autonomy and integrity. Privacy and Confidentiality is relating to maintaining the security of a patient’s information and only sharing that information on a need-to-know basis with other healthcare members involved with that patients care and act to prevent breaches of confidentiality. The fantastic death isn’t a familiar idea in American culture. It is these ethics that make a nurse so valuable to clients and ultimately makes a nurse the client’s best advocate. Students with additional education in ethics will be knowledgeable about different ethical theories including virtue ethics, ethics of care and deontological ethics. Ethics affects all areas of nursing practice, and it is not always straightforward to decide if one management option is definitely without risk to the patient. 2). Ethical reflection aids nurses in identifying personal biases and reinforces moral foundations. By focusing on the outcome of each action, utilitarianism demands that you decide on what course of action based on the benefits or harm of the actions without regard to the cost of the action. Nurses have the responsibility to recognize and identify ethical issues that affect staff and patients. Consequentialist ethics refers to the idea that the correct moral response is always going to be related to the outcome, or consequence, of the act. In order to follow the theory of deontology it requires absolute adherence to these obligations and acting from duty is viewed as acting ethically. These are: utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics and principlism. In order to properly understand the ethical theories of nursing one must first know what the core ethical principles and theories in nursing are. Health Care Ethics Principles and Problems Jan 2000 Depending on the school, student nurses can choose to earn a minor or certificate in ethics. This means that accurate information must be provided to the patient in order to make an informed decision. Virtue ethics is different from other ethical theories in that it places much less emphasis on which rules people should follow and instead focuses on helping people develop good character traits, such as kindness and generosity. Learn more about them. Nonconsequentialists believe that right or wrong depends on the intention. This ethical theory is meant to protect the less privileged people in society and give them access to fair and equal healthcare access without bias from the healthcare members caring for them. 16). SLIDE 3 – FORMS OF ETHICAL THEORIES For individuals, the ethical theory they employ for decision making guidance emphasizes aspects of an ethical dilemma important to them and leads them to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. Isabel Hampton Robb, the founder of modern nursing theory, authored one of the first texts on nursing ethics. This principle also involves taking actions to help benefit others and prevent both physical and mental harm of the patient. The two major ethics theories in Nursing, which identify and rationalize moral rules and principles, are Deontology and Utilitarianism. Grand nursing theories are global in their application to nursing and have been instrumental in developing the science of nursing (McEwen & Wills, 2014). also offered here. Yet, one must recognize the ethical components of practice to engage in structured ethical decisions. Help. This chapter introduces the role of the nurse and the ethics of nursing in contemporary practice. The nurse must take on the fact that whatever a person thinks is right, is right. This principle was made more evident with the passing of the Patient Self Determination Act by Congress in 1990 (“Ethical Principles,” n.d., para. The ethical principles of nursing are Autonomy, Beneficence, Fidelity, Informed consent, Integrity, Justice, Nonmaleficence, Paternalism, Veracity, as well as Privacy and confidentiality. When ethical guidelines are breached there is a potential for criminal or civil liability depending on the situation. The ethics of nursing are influenced by moral development, as nurses must develop a strong system of morals in order to uphold the strict ethics required of them. Nurses can use the ethics board as a resource if they are faced with a situation that calls their personal morals into question. These theories truly help protect not only the patients being cared for but also the nurses caring for those patients. Nonmaleficence literally translates to “do no harm” and is a concept that originated from the Hippocratic Oath. These character traits will, in turn, allow a person to make the correct decisions later on in life. Teleology is a theory that is opposite to deontology in a sense. Get a verified writer to help you with Ethical Theories of Nursing. Conference attendees can meet with healthcare providers from across the country and share ethical issues, ideas and dilemmas. Nurses apply this principle by not causing injury, being either physical, psychological, emotiona, or financial (“Ethical Principles,” n.d., para. Each one of these theories looks at our ethical behavior in different ways. Some ethical theories that influence nursing practice are Consequentialism, Deontology, Ethical Relativism, Utilitarianism theory, Teleology, Virtue ethics, and Justice and equity. It is essential of nurses to be well versed in the ethical principles and even more so in ethical theories to help guide them in their decision making when caring for clients. Two of the largest nursing organizations, the International Council of Nurses and American Nurses Association provide a code of ethics for nurses. They guide nurses in their practice on a daily basis. This theory is placing more value on the intentions of the individual as opposed to the actual outcome of any action. 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