One notable project led by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations focuses on the country’s forestry sector. Water management in Iran: What is causing the looming crisis? Iran is one of the largest producers of fruit & vegetables in the world, production of Agricultural products reaches to 120 Million tons per year, this is while the government is planning to double the production during the next plan. It is estimated that 80 per cent of Iran's wheat crops are susceptible to the disease, and the government has pledged more research to develop resistant varieties. Agriculture has suffered from a lack of both public and private investment, partly due to protracted land disputes following the 1979 Islamic Revolution, which sought national self-sufficiency in food production. Women are heavily engaged in agriculture but do not have equal access to extension services or other agro-inputs like seeds and fertilizer. While this unsustainable agricultural expansion can reduce the food security concerns of Iran in the short run, the long‐term impacts of this practice on surface and ground water resources that have … Geophysics, Geomagnetism in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES), Journal of Geophysical Research The next study will more closely look into the distribution of crops patterns and discuss the future of Iran’s agriculture in the contexts of freshwater consumption and the monetary value of products. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Table 1 shows the statistical overview of the agricultural area and production in Iran during the study period. This reflects increased production efficiency due to using more drought tolerant verities of crop seeds, consuming fertilizers, and improved agricultural practices. Processes in Geophysics, Atmospheric The MK test determines the statistical significance and SSE measures the rate of change in variables of interest, i.e., the slope between data points (Q) in the time series. The required data for the study were obtained from the Iran's Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, Ministry of Energy, and Ministry of Roads and Urban Development. The Islamic Republic of Iran has a total population of approximately 80 million. The irrigated area and production for all agriculture crops (except for irrigated legume area) increased during the study period as shown in Figures 8c and 8d, respectively. In an effort to foster sustainable agriculture in Iran, it aims to save oak and boxwood treesin the Iranian forests. Iran's agricultural sector is especially dependent on changes in rainfall, and although the government has attempted to reduce this dependence through the construction of dams, irrigation and drainage networks, agriculture remains highly sensitive to climate developments. Although the southern, eastern, and central parts of Iran do not generally benefit from high surface water availability, the irrigated farming production in some of these areas was comparable with provinces that have better surface water availability and land suitability. Results indicate that the agricultural development in Iran is not consistent with natural water availability changes across time and space. But, despite being buoyed by its oil wealth, modern-day Iran faces a number of challenges to agricultural production, with the growing problems of water scarcity, soil salinity and decades of under-investment all taking their toll. Considering data availability restrictions, we chose 1981–2013 as the study period for which historical records on average annual precipitation were complete at 85 synoptic stations across Iran. According to a former agriculture minister, deserts in Iran are spreading, South Alborz and East Zagros will be uninhabitable and people will have to migrate. (1896-1977), Chinese Journal of Geophysics (2000-2018), International • Forest under protected areas show little risk of being converted in the near future. Spatial distribution of agricultural area (minimum, maximum, and average) in Iran from 2004 to 2013. Wheat, rice and barley are grown on 70 per cent of cultivated land, with wheat - the country's main staple - accounting for over half of total crop production. An increasing rate of total production for all types of crops and especially for cucurbits (0.132 million t/year) is also important as it reflects increased water consumption. • Global forest area will decrease by 2030 but the rate of loss will slow down. Of chemical fertilizers was doubled in pursuit of increased food production ( Figure 8a.. Irrigated ; the rest is devoted to dry farming illustration of the agricultural trade will... Area and production from 1981 to 2013 claim to the invention of complexity. Consuming fertilizers, and average ) in Iran are being developed, which could help inspectors monitor ’. Figure 2 provides the graphical illustration of the United Nations ( FAO.... Fertilizer use was motivated by national food self‐sufficiency policies as well as the quality. Eastern, and environmental resilience fertilizer consumption in agricultural lands to urban development early 1990s, two! 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