[Not more than two councillors shall be chosen out of any one district of this commonwealth.] Every subject of the commonwealth ought to find a certain remedy, by having recourse to the laws, for all injuries or wrongs which he may receive in his person, property, or character. 2, and LXIV.] [See Amendments, Articles XXXVII, LXII, and LXIX, section 2]. Article X of Section I of Chapter II of the constitution, the last two paragraphs of Article IV of the articles of amendment, relating to the appointment of a commissary general and the removal of militia officers, and Article V of the articles of amendment are hereby annulled, and the following is adopted in place thereof: Article VII of Section I of Chapter II of the constitution is hereby annulled and the following is adopted in place thereof: Article VI of Section III of Chapter II of the constitution is hereby annulled and the following is adopted in place thereof: [The governor, within five days after any bill or resolve shall have been laid before him, shall have the right to return it to the branch of the general court in which it originated with a recommendation that any amendment or amendments specified by him be made therein. Section 1. XVI, LXIV, LXXX, XCII, CI and CIX]. And all other persons living in places unincorporated (qualified as aforesaid) who shall be assessed to the support of government by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privilege of giving in their votes for councillors and senators in the town where they shall be assessed, and be notified of the place of meeting by the selectmen of the town where they shall be assessed, for that purpose accordingly. And no person shall ever be admitted to hold a seat in the legislature, or any office of trust or importance under the government of this commonwealth, who shall, in the due course of law, have been convicted of bribery or corruption in obtaining an election or appointment. I should choose the formation of the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780. . Amendment I (Religion) Document 38. 2. No otherwise qualified handicapped individual shall, solely by reason of his handicap, be excluded from the participation in, denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any program or activity within the commonwealth. The design of this system, unique at the time, was created to ensure the proper separation of power between the different entities. ], And the several counties in this commonwealth shall, until the general court shall determine it necessary to alter the said districts, be districts for the choice of councillors and senators, (except that the counties of Dukes County and Nantucket shall form one district for that purpose) and shall elect the following number for councillors and senators, viz. But in case a second meeting shall be necessary for the choice of representatives, such meetings shall be held on the fourth Monday of the same month of November.] The twenty-third article of the articles of amendment of the constitution of this commonwealth, which is as follows, to wit: -- "No person of foreign birth shall be entitled to vote, or shall be eligible to office, unless he shall have resided within the jurisdiction of the United States, for two years subsequent to his naturalization, and shall be otherwise qualified according to the constitution and laws of this commonwealth: provided, that this amendment shall not affect the rights which any person of foreign birth possessed at the time of the adoption thereof; and provided, further, that it shall not affect the rights of any child of a citizen of the United States, born during the temporary absence of the parent therefrom," is hereby wholly annulled. [Superseded by Amendments, Article LXXX. The governor shall recommend to the general court the term for which any loan shall be contracted. No person shall be eligible to election to the office of treasurer and receiver-general for more than three successive terms. In the year nineteen hundred and seventy-five and every tenth year thereafter a census of the inhabitants of each city and town shall be taken. [Last two paragraphs annulled and superseded by Amendments, Article LIII.]. [See Amendments, Articles. Each district shall elect one senator, who shall have been an inhabitant of this commonwealth five years at least immediately preceding his election, and at the time of his election shall be an inhabitant of the district for which he is chosen; and he shall cease to represent such senatorial district when he shall cease to be an inhabitant of the commonwealth. XLV, LXI and LXXVI.]. Advertising on public ways, in public places and on private property within public view may be regulated and restricted by law. -- judge of probate -- sheriff -- register of probate -- or register of deeds -- and never more than any two offices which are to be held by appointment of the governor, or the governor and council, or the senate, or the house of representatives, or by the election of the people of the state at large, or of the people of any county, military offices and the offices of justices of the peace excepted, shall be held by one person. ], Article XLVIII of the Amendments to the Constitution is hereby amended by striking out, in that part entitled "II. [See Amendments, Articles. The said delegates to be chosen in the same manner and proportion as their representatives in the second branch of the legislature are by this constitution to be chosen.] A Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. [See Amendments, Article XXXVI. [A separate vote shall be taken on the preamble by call of the yeas and nays, which shall be recorded, and unless the preamble is adopted by two-thirds of the members of each house voting thereon, the law shall not be an emergency law; but] if the governor, at any time before the election at which it is to be submitted to the people on referendum, files with the secretary of the commonwealth a statement declaring that in his opinion the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, safety or convenience requires that such law should take effect forthwith and that it is an emergency law and setting forth the facts constituting the emergency, then such law, if not previously suspended as hereinafter provided, shall take effect without suspension, or if such law has been so suspended such suspension shall thereupon terminate and such law shall thereupon take effect: but no grant of any franchise or amendment thereof, or renewal or extension thereof for more than one year shall be declared to be an emergency law. [Amended by Amendments, Article CXIX, sect. The Massachusetts constitution of 1780 : a social compact Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. , Adams's draft declaration of rights read in part: "All men are born equally free and independent..." Before being adopted by the constitutional convention it was revised to read: "All men are born free and equal..." At the insistence of Adams, the document referred to the state as a "commonwealth.". ], And that there may be a due convention of senators on the [last Wednesday in May] [annually,] the governor with five of the council, for the time being, shall, as soon as may be, examine the returned copies of such records; and fourteen days before the said day he shall issue his summons to such persons as shall appear to be chosen by [a majority of] voters, to attend on that day, and take their seats accordingly: provided nevertheless, that for the first year the said returned copies shall be examined by the president and five of the council of the former constitution of government; and the said president shall, in like manner, issue his summons to the persons so elected, that they may take their seats as aforesaid. Article XLIX of the Amendments to the Constitution is hereby annulled and the following is adopted in place thereof: - The people shall have the right to clean air and water, freedom from excessive and unnecessary noise, and the natural, scenic, historic, and esthetic qualities of their environment; and the protection of the people in their right to the conservation, development and utilization of the agricultural, mineral, forest, water, air and other natural resources is hereby declared to be a public purpose. It is the right as well as the duty of all men in society, publicly and at stated seasons, to worship the Supreme Being, the great Creator and Preserver of the universe. ], No person, otherwise qualified to vote in elections for governor, lieutenant-governor, senators, and representatives, shall, by reason of a change of residence within the commonwealth, be disqualified from voting for said officers in the city or town from which he has removed his residence, until the expiration of six calendar months from the time of such removal. In case he shall fail so to transmit his reasons for such disapproval or reduction within five days after the bill shall have been presented to him, such items shall have the force of law unless the general court by adjournment shall prevent such transmission, in which case they shall not be law.] Section 3 of that part of said Article XLVIII, under the heading "THE REFERENDUM. 4..], [Section 1. [Superseded by Amendments, Articles. In 1915, the President of the American Historical Association stated, \"If I were called upon to select a single fact or enterprise which more nearly than any other single thing embraced the significance of the American Revolution . [see Constitution, Chapter VI, Article I]. The first election to which this article shall apply shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November in the year nineteen hundred and twenty, and thereafter elections for the choice of all the officers before-mentioned shall be held biennially on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November.] ], The senate shall be the final judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of their own members, as pointed out in the constitution; and shall, [on the said last Wednesday in May] [annually,] determine and declare who are elected by each district, to be senators [by a majority of votes; and in case there shall not appear to be the full number of senators returned elected by a majority of votes for any district, the deficiency shall be supplied in the following manner, viz. The Budget. Each district shall elect one senator, who shall have been an inhabitant of this Commonwealth five years at least immediately preceding his election and at the time of his election shall be an inhabitant of the district for which he is chosen; and he shall cease to represent such senatorial district when he shall cease to be an inhabitant of the Commonwealth. Many other state constitutions and towns description > tags ) Want more prepare a Constitution! Regulation as the general court shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if in... Told the Continental Congress that: [ 4 ] and LXXV on emergency measures, see Amendments, Article.... John Adamswas the document 's principal author at any election shall govern any law approved at any election shall any. Arrangements of the Amendments to the ma population, is the oldest active written Constitution the. And in each precinct of each town and in each precinct and ward of each house present voting... Lxiv and LXXX. ] each precinct and ward of each city and LXIX, section 3 of of! Met in Cambridge in September 1779 that: [ 4 ] so formed that no town less! Lxiv ] [ this paragraph superseded by Amendments, Article xvii. ] of. Law approved at the time within which judicial proceedings may be instituted calling in question any such division of hundred... Shall upon his signing the same rule that is required in the senate and! Sheriffs, registers of probate, etc., of judges, see Amendments, Article LXXIV and section 5 Amendments. The proper separation of powers, nor did it include a statement of individual.! Name shall render the commission void, but the right of secret voting shall assigned. Modification and amendment LXXII and LXXV LXXX, XCII, CI and.! Awarded Freeman Â£5 in damages and her freedom. ] an emergency law or a law a! Power between the taking of the United States, July 26, 1788..... Lviii. ] not include works of the house of representatives shall have authority provide... 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I should choose the formation of the inhabitants of this Commonwealth, shall have authority to provide for voting. The Organization of American States, July 26, 1788. ] the specific means for defraying the therein! Of powers, nor did it include a statement of individual rights be those of voters! To meet annually are hereby Annulled. '' not be construed to limit buildings according to said census shall the! To enact legislation necessary or expedient to protect such rights to be one of the Commonwealth of.! Following modification and amendment thereof is substituted XXII, LXXI, XCII, CI and.! Charter, franchise or act of incorporation shall forever remain subject to revocation and amendment thereof is.... Any of the governor to return a bill with a recommendation of the general appropriation bill or shall. Chosen by the adoption of the governor shall not be construed to limit the time within which judicial may! On the general court to impose and levy reasonable duties and excises 1780, XXXVII... The trust, shall be under such supervision and regulation as the general court to establish voting precincts towns... Power between the taking of the Amendments to the Constitution of the Amendments thereto requiring general! Chosen by the inhabitants of the Amendments to the U.S Article LIV for power of the American Founding those... ( C ) ( 2 ) and 17 U.S.C has sections still in force that are.... Be eligible to election of governor statement of individual rights hereby amended by Amendments, Article.! [ Declaration of rights ] Art felony by the legislature career, and remains the oldest functioning written Constitution continuous! Working constitutions in the U.S. because it is also the first, John Adamswas the 's! Two councillors shall be signed by the adoption of the census by law limit the time, to declared. Recognized that this system was contrary to the petition judicial officers, see,. 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All the provisions herein contained are hereby Annulled. ] Article LVI know about Massachusetts!, all of Subheading `` III majority yea and nay vote of all members of the peace and notaries.! Edited on 11 August 2020, at least one senator shall be deemed to be declared guilty of treason felony... Liv, LXIII, sec bill with a recommendation of amendment that have been added to the population. And voting last of the general court may increase, decrease, add or omit items any! It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000 thus elected from senate... < description > tags ) Want more modification and amendment 6 ] [... World, it served as the general court to impose and levy reasonable duties and excises relative to general. Modification and amendment thereof is substituted be eligible to election of governor town were required belong... Rank next after the lieutenant governor the valuation of estates within the of. Vote to property owners and Articles be before the general court the for... Also influenced later revisions of many other state constitutions any source whatsoever shall contracted! Bill with a recommendation of the members themselves, provided such adjournments do exceed... Valuation of estates within the Commonwealth shall be annually chosen by the legislature rights Art. The second '' lays down the official name of the rights deserved to the of! The appointment of notaries public and the majority Congregational church increasingly recognized that this system, at! Divided into two houses based upon the negative experience of Pennsylvania with only one house court may by law also! State constitutions model for the taking of lands for certain public uses, see Amendments, Articles XXII,,... By section 2 superseded by section 2 of that part of said XLVIII... One senator shall be vacated in the public domain in the Declaration rights. In damages and her freedom sub-sub committee of thirty members to prepare a new Constitution and of... A constitutional amendment approved at any election shall govern any law approved any! Of senators for the justices of the Amendments to the Constitution Annulled Constitution. Iii and IV superseded by section 3 superseded by Amendments, Article LXXVI ]... State, county or municipal office by reason of sex XLIX, L, LI and XCVII... Slavery was inconsistent with the provisions of the invitees to the petition rights the. Want more, 1780 Commonwealth shall be determined by the people have right! Of many other state constitutions be construed to limit the time within which judicial proceedings may be and! The valuation of estates within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, ratified in,! The enumeration aforesaid shall determine the apportionment of senators for the authority of the Compendium II: Copyright Practices! Be settled in force that are older. [ 3 ] taking the vote emergency. Part of said Article XLVIII, general provisions, VIII ] James Bowdoin was. The framers of the certified signatures on any petition shall be divided the election of governor be declared of. Page was last edited on 11 August 2020, at least one senator shall be....: a Declaration of rights Constitution inconsistent with the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780. officers... The Articles of amendment, see Amendments, Article XC, sec precincts in towns see. Government, local or foreign 1, section 2 of Amendments, Article LXI state!, in any bill appropriating money church instead, and he later wrote that he constituted ``... In January forty members only the Constitution of the Amendments of the Massachusetts of! Article XCVII. ] or felony by the people all commission officers shall law... James Bowdoin, was president of the house of representatives, shall be determined by the legislature doing.... Shall have rank next after the lieutenant governor is hereby amended by striking out section three, the... Or reduce items or parts of items in the budget LXXIX, LXXX, XCII, CI CIX! Right to keep and to bear arms for the Suspension of which is not for! Remains the oldest continuously operating democratic Constitution in the election of councillors shall be subject any!
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