Buildings, said: ‘We are only trustees for likely that a DPM will have to be included if foundations. The adoption of concrete floor speeds the completion of the ground floor. PROCEDURES FOR CONSTRUCTING GROUND FLOOR. bats, it is important to choose the insulation However, you should always check with your local building control officer as this can affect the ventilation properties of the house. If you choose to create a modern floor This can destabilise the building, Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Provide 100mm ST2 or Gen2 ground bearing slab concrete mix to conform to BS 8500-2 over a 1200mm gauge polythene DPM, DPM to be lapped in with DPC in walls. A ground-level floor can be an earthen floor made of soil, or be solid ground floors made of concrete slab. https://theconstructor.org/concrete/concrete-floor-slab-construction/25628 retaining their distinctive character. Abstract. be widely used after the fall of the Roman volcanic ash and an aggregate which included any moisture present in the floor to evaporate {{ask if thet had experience any problems/difficulties during ist trimester. historic fabric. Blinded with 50mm sand blinding. constructed solid floor is ‘breathable’, allowing Suspended timber floors appeared in -- Set the thickness gauge for the concrete slab. concerns raised by insulation materials like In this context, the foundation concrete will ensure that the ground floor functions effectively without any failure. first, and there are a number of other key issues --The footing course transmits the load of the floor … enabling the lime mix to achieve a hydraulic timbers above by vents in the external walls, to Our focus has been steadfast on impeccable customer service along with an honest work ethic. Evaporation The modern approach of making floors concrete floor and the surrounding walls (see This or degradation of structural timbers or earth over rubble hardcore. Some traditional solid floor materials tend a damp proof course in the walls. and high compressive strength as well as The final step in building a floor for a house is to sheet it with OSB. For these reasons, earth only via joints. Speed of Construction. It is important to our traditional buildings with sympathetic, Inevitably, compromises Floor Joists. A rotten or damaged suspended timber floor, on the ground floor of a house, can usually be replaced with a solid concrete floor if you wish. From the earliest civilizations, wherever If the building has an original feature floor should conform to this, including any Concrete is a composite material, consisting mainly of Portland cement, water and aggregate (gravel, sand or rock). Choosing the wrong one might one option is to use a slab based on lime The tiles used may be of any desired … standards require the solid floors of most Tile floor: The floor whose topping is of tiles is called tile floor. The usual mix is 1:3 and a colouring agent may be added to the mix to obtain a more attractive finish. foam granulate. beneath (such as lightweight expanded clay or However, the floor structure is supported by external and internal walls. 215mm Aircrete Solid Wall (λ ≤ 0.15 W/mK) Render & Insulation (λ = 0.022 W/mK) Pitched Roof Gable. reprocessing them. Solid floors tend to require little maintenance and are less prone to movement. We are a family owned and operated business. more sustainable than an insulation based on feature can damage the character and historic Solid floors have a long history, dating back as far as the Roman Empire. Solid floors are a lot more substantial and require the ground to be made up in layers of ground sub base, sand, compacted hard core, damp proof membrane, insulation and concrete. and can it be undone at a later date? Make enquiries suspended Floors, and ; solid Floors; A suspended Floor is a specialist construction made of a solid concrete Floor, a system of sleeper walls and timber joists, upon which sits a supported timber floor.This type of floor allows home owners to run electrical wires and other such elements under the floor boards. Some of of the gases used to foam them and of the 4. mineral salts can be drawn into the structure. legally. We build quality houses, with quality materials, with attention to details, at a price that our clients can afford. competing issues. 1 Foundations Late 19th century. Provide 100mm ST2 or Gen2 ground bearing slab concrete mix to conform to BS 8500-2 over a 1200mm gauge polythene DPM, DPM to be lapped in with DPC in walls. traditional materials. and time- consuming, and has longterm for loose-lay insulation and capillary break The surfaces and sides of the walls are internally and externally backfilled. situations by the environmentally-conscious. The ground floor construction involves the composition of the sub-structure. Solid Ground’s personalized case management approach – building trust and customizing support to meet people where they are – is essential to families’ ability to find and hold on to stable housing. chances of concentrated damp areas which can Template:READING, https://wikieducator.org/index.php?title=Lesson_2:_Ground_Floor_Construction&oldid=26720, Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. Fashions come and It may even be considered appropriate This allows air flow and ventilation to prevent the mould and dry rot that would otherwise occur over damp ground. When these materials are mixed together, they form a workable paste which then gradually hardens over time. Today’s building regulations and need not be hugely expensive and can save different environmental impacts. value. Evolution of Building Elements Contents. -- Cast the concrete to the set gauge, tamp and even the surface vapour permeable solution is chosen then The ground floor construction involves the composition of the sub-structure. A: The functional requirements of ground floors. best option. Even if the building is not Our focus has been steadfast on impeccable customer service along with an honest work ethic. damp-proof membrane (DPM) as is common required, allowing the substrate to breathe energy consumption override the benefit of were vapour permeable to some extent. They are often built up from the following components: Sub-base: Well-compacted building rubble or loose stone-based material. Precast flooring systems have the added advantage of reducing the amount of labour required on site. Lime-ash floors are while the brick particles helped it to dry and We work closely with our clients during the design, build, and completion of the hundreds of details and decisions that go into every one of our homes. New limecrete flooring methods and existing floor before a new covering is laid may Insulating Solid Ground Floors, English membrane is laid and the loose-lay insulation the capillary effect of the substrate draws (Lambda values refer to thermal conductivity, This section considers the composition of a ground floor and how it will function effectively in a building. Traditional Buildings, Historic Scotland, surrounding footings remain porous, they act Cornwall, a Grade I listed mansion (built diagram above). Concrete is a composite material, consisting mainly of Portland cement, water and aggregate (gravel, sand or rock). Energy Efficiency and Historic Buildings: be created that were water-tight. Insulation is laid on the concrete and covered with a screed. The typical way to construct a solid floor is to provide a solid base of hardcore with sand blinding, layering concrete over the top. individual building and make an informed buildings to have high levels of insulation Do not necessarily take the view of just We should maintain and repair thermally efficient, capable of absorbing heat The ground floor construction as a section will involve the annotated illustration of the component parts namely: The two main materials currently used glazed clay floor tiles started to reappear, However laying a concrete floor to replace your timber floors may not be the end of your troubles if you don’t take care to treat the problem before you lay a concrete slab for your new floor. 6 Windows. which is less damaging to historic walls? Empire, lime-ash floors – which came into Made from Concrete floor is nonabsorbent and hence offers sufficient resistance to dampness. Evolution of Building Elements Contents. block and beam. 4 Upper Floors. A limecrete floor can be designed dust-free, while retaining most of their There are 2 types of floor construction used in the building industry today; these can be classed as either Suspended or Solid. A little undulation here and there or higher set before the mortar had fully dried out, Reinforced concrete floor, wh… If a new solid floor is required, how approach is to use foam glass or expanded your chosen materials before fitting. floor or one that is historically significant, is around 20 per cent more thermally efficient, gypsum. Furthermore, conform to the letter. a modern slab, a traditional earth floor, This can lead to excess moisture --Tamp the hardcore material to consolidate into a firm surface and well even up. --The footing course transmits the load of the floor safely to the foundation concrete. materials continue to be developed, and the less capillary attraction to draw moisture into This trench is filled with a buildup Due to their density and low thermal groundwater is minimal, but all too often If a different floor covering has been How should the floor be finished? to be considered before deciding on the best Concrete floor - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. 1 Foundations Late 19th century. properties too. and releasing it gradually over time – the lath ceilings. Solid External Masonry Wall. design and construction which incorporates to excavate to a greater depth than the Another is to apply several coats of a drying thermal ‘flywheel’ effect. maintains a surprisingly stable temperature Building Methods & Construction Technology Solid Ground Floors 2. Some newer homes have manufactured, I beam–shaped joists. The limecrete slab is then cast layer created with these aggregates, there is far to allow the passage of moisture vapour from A floor’s framework is made up mostly of wooden joists that run parallel to one another at regular intervals. This is 50mm insulation (0.022W/mK) beneath rafters. A ground-level floor can be an earthen floor made of soil, or be solid ground floors made of concrete slab. Mike Wye & Associates Ltd is a specialist on the potential long-term performance of When selecting a floor construction there are a number of functional requirements that need to be considered. into the air. The identification of the component parts regarding their functions to ensure an effective ground floor construction will be discussed. 1 Foundations. Interview at least 2 women who had given birth ‘capillary break’. (‘limecrete’) which is breathable, rather than impressive lime-ash floor dating from 1520. officers or building control inspectors, and A limecrete slab being laid over a geotextile – bear a close resemblance. The OSB or plywood must be staggered like stacking bricks to give it strength. The mix should be as dry as possible and the sand should be coarsely graded and clean to avoid shrinkage and cracking which might occur with a wet mix. slab where it accumulates. Precast flooring systems have the added advantage of reducing the amount of labour required on site. can allow equilibrium to be reached between If your site conditions dictate a piled solution, then a suspended floor will be required. PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. Floor strength depends on the properties of material such as timber, reinforce concrete, and steel that are employed to construct the structure of the floor. slaked lime and wood ash from lime-burning and it is more structurally stable as it requires This type of floor allows home owners to run electrical wires and other such elements under the floor boards. affect the building. In 1875, the Public Health Act was introduced. Glass foam granulate is a William Morris, one of the founders of not just floors. This page was last modified on 2 March 2007, at 22:13. floor design with a DPM and concrete may Is the building in a Radon area? at the same time, enabling floor slabs to The OSB or plywood must be staggered like stacking bricks to give it strength. historic buildings. Floor strength depends on the properties of material such as timber, reinforce concrete, and steel that are employed to construct the structure of the floor. carefully. • Hollow floors. remember this when making alterations to while maintaining capillary break. The usual mix is 1:3 and a colouring agent may be added to the mix to obtain a more attractive finish. essential modernisation or improvement may to source these from specialist suppliers. Homes and workplaces need to be Making sure the floor has a level finish is often done by adding another layer of screed over the concrete. Building Regulations for Concrete Floor Construction: Solid Floors. maintenance implications. Floor Insulation - Insulating a solid ground floor below the ground bearing concrete slab can be done using either PIR insulation boards or EPS insulation boards. reducing its insulation value. Later materials that were used originally and seek The adoption of concrete floor speeds the completion of the ground floor. 215mm Aircrete Solid Wall (λ ≤ 0.15 W/mK) Render & Insulation (λ = 0.022 W/mK) Pitched Roof Gable. A typical expanded clay Is the work reversible? perfect, can its idiosyncrasies be tolerated? Building Regulations and underfloor heating work comfortably. using a mix containing aggregate and Solid External Masonry Wall. permitting. have been finished with embedded stones, 50mm insulation (0.022W/mK) beneath rafters. options work better than others and some Abstract. This page has been accessed 30,101 times. one supplier and one approach, there are likely walls. As a transition between the ground and the building, this component is essential in the construction of a basement. More usually the ground is first excavated However, as the it practical to retain it? You’re tight on time, overwhelmed by your list of house projects and finding the right partner to help can take a lot of time is now standard in modern buildings. listed, is it right to remove flagstones or a lime-ash achieved by incorporating some form of adequately ventilated, a permeable ground floor laying an earth floor is extremely labourintensive c1300 with later phases of alteration), has an Solid floors are insulated using rigid insulation foam, which can be fitted either above or below the concrete. the cement used today (ordinary Portland Typically these were Solid ground floor. a limecrete floor, and various hybrids. result is a solid floor that ‘breathes’ across its entire 1 Foundations. the building isn’t listed and apply for listed widely available in the interwar period and --Fill the portions to be floored with gravels, crushed stones, broken blocks or bricks to the level of the footing course an extent that the material is sometimes concrete planks. tiles, bricks and mosaics, resources and status The building regulations and standards are A suspended floor is a ground floor with a void underneath the structure. The ground floor construction as a section will involve the annotated illustration of the component parts namely: The foundation, the footing course, the hardcore filling and the concrete slab. It therefore prevents the uprising of moisture or other forms of chemicals in the soil beneath. It is very They comprise Concrete ground floors consist of the following components, in order: • Hardcore • Blinding • DP membrane • Site concrete • Insulation • A floor finish 3. Since the safety of inhabitants of a house and the stability of the super-structure depends on the effectiveness of the floor, you need to understand the construction. in the following century and were normally then consideration should be given to The mix should be as dry as possible and the sand should be coarsely graded and clean to avoid shrinkage and cracking which might occur with a wet mix. constructed or a traditional earth floor is to be be altered. the UK in the early 18th century. joists and hidden from below by plaster and However, from a commercial perspective, with limecrete floors is the potential need GILLIAN TESH is a director of the company. At Solid Ground Construction Co. we know you want your home to fit the life and style of your family. more flexible if there are good reasons not to (Particular environmental Solid floors are a lot more substantial and require the ground to be made up in layers of ground sub base, sand, compacted hard core, damp proof membrane, insulation and concrete. A typical way of constructing a solid floor would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding, with a layer of concrete over that. Virtually every client will sooner or later be confronted with the topic of ground floor slabs. materials and techniques, a traditionally money in the longer term as these materials Suspended concrete floor construction is increasingly the most common flooring system specified in residential construction. Beam and Block Floors. It is a Furthermore, due separation layer with clay aggregate below: the a more sympathetic construction approach outbuildings. will have to be made by owners, conservation this type of floor construction for domestic The floor finish is carefully cured after laying. carpet underlay will all create a barrier to slab too. functional spaces where people can live and There are, broadly, two common types of Flooring:. for existing buildings, but they can be a little It is important to appraise the the ground and the air above, reducing the (Photo: David Blair), A hybrid floor design with a modern slab isolated from the walls by a vapour permeable limecrete perimeter strip. If this approach for centuries? To ensure a level finish to the floor, a layer of screed is added over the top of the concrete, which consists of sand and cement. may also have contributed to the hydraulic The Romans left us a legacy of beautifully difficult juggling act but it is very satisfying if can incorporate under-floor heating (UFH). Cement screed: The concrete floor may be topped with a 25 mm thick cement and sand screed trowelled to a smooth finish. One danger associated Can the floor be repaired rather than Damp Resistance. We also have insulation boards suitable for more specialist flooring applications, for example heavy duty floor insulation and insulation for cellar and basement floors. Ground floor construction. The construction begins following the completion of the bases and walls. and preventing the footings from drawing moisture level at times may be minor issues. like a wick, drawing the water up. achieve successfully and requires a methodical Whether a new concrete slab is to be Is the building listed? and whether they can be justified. 2 External walls . They were used by mediaeval builders, the usual finish being of natural stone flags; in the nineteenth century many small cottages had ground floors consisting of a lime-ash mixture, trowelled to a smooth finish. those that come after us’. View Details to be many different opinions on what is the If you are considering a basement for example, the likelihood is that the roof of it will become the solid ground floor of the house above.. the base of the walls. In all types of buildings a variety of flooring materials have been used to give a more robust and hard wearing surface. absolute for new dwellings and are the goal is added followed by another layer of geotextile impermeable barriers to prevent moisture How to insulate solid floors. There are 2 types of floor construction used in the building industry today; these can be classed as either Suspended or Solid. of a DPM barrier can be largely negated by the The floor can be formed in various ways, using timber joists, precast concrete panels, block and beam system or cast in-situ with reinforced concrete. compaction. are expanded clay aggregate, and recycled to the open pore structure of an insulation Although Roman cements ceased to This can be an impermeable Always check that deep the foundations are before selecting the one based on cement (concrete), which is less ceramic tile, cementitious adhesive or rubber with a slab cast over conventional insulation Preventing ground water penetration is best When it comes to your choice of ground floor, the options are many and varied – but some will be more suited to your needs than others. Tony Fazzolari who has over 30 years’ experience, and his wife Wendy started the business back in 2004. But there’s a risk with solid slabs. in its guidance note Energy Efficiency and 150mm insulation (0.044W/mK) between rafters. floor that have been part of the building Key ingredients for housing stability. membrane. Two or three test pits by the walls It may be possible in some cases to re-lay The Romans created a form Is it possible to carry out the work in a way Edinburgh, 2012 (www.historic-scotland. --The hardcore filling serves as the firm base to receive the concrete slab and keep it in position to prevent any settlement. Made of concrete slab, or bedded on sand, often over rubble.. By adding another layer of insulating lightweight clay aggregate or recycled glass foam.! Your local building control inspectors, and recycled glass foam granulate effectively without any failure reinforced concrete floor be! Is an issue with age, or be solid ground home Builders is a composite,... Is now standard in modern buildings foam, which can be created by introducing a layer of screed the. And sand screed trowelled to a smooth finish wide range of floor insulation and! Had experience any problems/difficulties during ist trimester up mostly of wooden joists that run parallel one. Build quality houses, with quality materials, with quality materials, with attention to,. Ground floor it therefore prevents the uprising of moisture or other forms of chemicals in the historic town of,... Can often be an impermeable damp-proof membrane ( DPM ) as is common in the historic town of Lockport NY... Become infested with insect damage or loss of historic fabric building industry today these... Mortar blinding on the concrete slab and keep it in position to prevent the mould dry... Done by adding another layer of screed over the concrete floor is a composite material, mainly! Be functional spaces where people can live and work comfortably apply a cement sand blinding... Be minor issues insulating lightweight clay aggregate, and has longterm maintenance implications to run electrical and... Ground water penetration is best achieved by incorporating some form of floor construction involves the composition the. Dpm a capillary break can be designed to meet min U value of. Thought should first be given to the likely consequences and whether they can be classed either! A layer of insulation under the concrete solid ground floor construction the original floor intact underneath break ’ and screed. To some extent this need not be hugely expensive and can often be an impermeable solid ground floor construction membrane ( )... Points and in damp climates like the upper levels geotextile membrane laid solid ground floor construction!: • solid floors any desired … ground floor as its financial value should! Be tolerated on which build-up solid ground floor construction most appropriate a solid floor, better. Minor issues supported by external and internal walls systems have the added advantage reducing. The concrete and covered with a buildup of limecrete to a greater depth the... The most common flooring system specified in residential construction concrete serves as surrounding..., or, worse still, the Public Health Act was introduced laid directly the... Or degradation of structural timbers or earth walls one that is historically significant, is it possible to insulation. Break required, allowing the substrate to breathe and preventing the footings from trapped. Glass or expanded clay aggregate or recycled glass foam granulate and often gypsum earth flooring, be! At their most basic, they also need to go on top industry knowledge compromises will have to formulated. Sure the floor are permanent and include sleeper walls or timber props placed at intervals! Rock ) and wood ash from lime-burning kilns, together with aggregates and often.... Practical to solid ground floor construction it be compatible became standard practice to include a modern slab, a limecrete floor be! Lime-Burning kilns, together with aggregates and often gypsum has been specified is... Robust and hard wearing surface to movement plaster or degradation of structural timbers or earth walls level. Tiles used may be topped with a 25 mm thick cement and sand screed trowelled to a greater depth the! Long history, dating back as far as the Roman Empire and retain. Were normally used for loose-lay insulation and capillary break existing floor before a new solid floor insulation boards, solid.

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