Tibetan Plateau climate dynamics: recent research progress and outlook. (2011). The Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) can capture the SCSSMP precipitation well (Adler et al., 2003), therefor it is used to analysis the changes of the SCSSMP from 1980 to 2016. Temperatures are also starting to drop, as the summer ends and the cooler weather takes over. A comparison of the results for these four seasons (not showed) shows that such a changing relationship of TPST–SCSSMP only is found in the summer season. 9, 112-130. doi: 10.1007/BF02656935, Ding, Y. H., Sun, Y., Wang, Z., Zhu, Y., and Song, Y. Dyn. If you can only arrange a Tibet train tour during this period, it is highly suggested to make your reservation as early as possible, or you will not get your train ticket. (2014). Zhou, X. J., Zhao, P., and Chen, J. M. (2009). 121:476. doi: 10.1002/2015JD023476, Lawrimore, J., Menne, M., Gleason, B., Williams, C., Wuertz, D., Vose, R., et al. It is not too cold in the winter or too hot in the summer as for Lhasa city. J. You can take a Tibet tour all year round, and where you want to go usually defines the best time to visit. Temperature Change Over the Tibetan Plateau. doi: 10.1007/s11430-009-0194-9, Zhu, L. H, Huang, G., and Fan, G. Z. Why April to May and September to October are the Best Seasons to Visit Everest Base Camp. Ye, D. Z., and Gao, Y. (2005). Obviously, the predictive variables of TPST and WNPSH are both significant (P < 0.1), but the regression coefficients between WNPSH and SCSSMP are larger than that of TPST at four datasets. Time to make the most of the weather and clear skies before the cold sets in. The climate in Tibet belongs to the typical high-altitude plateau climate. Far out in the west of Tibet lies the region around the famous Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. Quantitative analysis of surface warming amplification over the Tibetan Plateau after the late 1990s using surface energy balance equation. Part I: Thermal adaptation and overshooting (in Chinese). Geosci. Most of the annual rainfall comes in the rainy season that starts from May to September, when the precipitation covers 90 percent of the total annual rainfall. Much of the region is still in winter’s frozen claws, with only the central areas climbing to above freezing. At its elevation of 3,656 meters, Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world, yet has over 3,000 hours of sunshine every year. Datasets and methods are described in section 2. doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4360-7, Keywords: interdecadal variations, South China Sea summer monsoon, Tibetan Plateau, changing relationship, warming amplification, Citation: Liang M, Xu J, Chan JCL, Wu L and Xu X (2020) Changing Relationship Between Tibetan Plateau Temperature and South China Sea Summer Monsoon Precipitation. Clim. Spatial distribution of precipitation trends in (A) China (based on observations) and (B) East Asia (based on GPCP data; brown contour delineates an altitude of 2,000 m) in the summers of 1980–2016 (units: mm/decade; cross symbols indicate statistical significance above the 95% confidence level). doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00587.1, Song, F., and Zhou, T. (2015). There is also a small period in autumn, in September and October, where there is a good chance of favorable conditions, as the rainy season has passed and the clouds have moved on. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Z. A strong cyclone exists in the southwestern part of the Tibetan Plateau and South China Sea. The best time to visit Tibet largely depends on what you want to see and where you wish to travel within the region. Increasing temperature. The M–K test is a non–parametric test for detecting the presence of linear or non–linear trends in time series data. can also show the influences of the decadal variation of TPST on other elements. This differential warming occurs because heating rates differ between land and water. JC, LW, and XX provide some useful suggestions. For this purpose, the temperature However, during 1998–2016, at 700 hPa, a wave–like structure in the low–latitude region moves easterly along the low–level monsoon flow (the red dotted line in Figures 7B–F). (2004). 134, 1287-1299. doi: 10.1007/s00704-017-2341-0, Xu, X. D., Lu, C. G., and Shi, X. H. (2010). Ye, D. Z., Luo, S. W., and Zhu, B. Tibet local travel agency with over 10 years' experience in organizing authentic Tibet tours, including Tibet Permit application, tour arrangement, train/flight ticket booking, etc. Int. Effects of the Qinghai-Xizang(Tibetan) Plateau on the circulation features over the plateau and its surrounding areas. Part 507 II: possible causes. Res. Elevation dependency of recent and future minimum surface air temperature trends in the Tibetan Plateau and its surroundings. Climate warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades. A plateau scale soil moisture and soil temperature observatory is established on the Tibetan Plateau for quantifying uncertainties in coarse resolution satellite and model products of soil moisture and soil temperature. Numerical simulation on the southern flood and northern drought in summer 2014 over Eastern China. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0288.EDOTSC>2.0.CO;2, Hahn, D. G., and Manabe, S. (1975). The AMO index is acquired from the Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Shigatse has a much harsher climate than Lhasa. 10, 288–296. At its elevation of 3,656 meters, Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world, yet has over 3,000 hours of sunshine every year. Standardized partial regression coefficients between Tibetan Plateau temperature and summer precipitation (GPCP) during: (A) 1980–1994, (B) 1998–2016, and (C) 1980–2016. Revisiting Asian monsoon formation and change associated with Tibetan Plateau forcing II. This is mainly due to the valley location of the city, which helps to protect it from the intense cold or heat and the strong winds. Due to the limited suppliment, we suggest you to book it in advance. The winter temperatures are similarly harsher than in Lhasa, reaching only around 5-6 degrees in December and January, and dropping as low as minus 13 degrees at night. Sci. 2011;15(7):2303-2316. Observations and process‐based models have both shown that climate warming has resulted in an increase in vegetation greenness on the Tibetan Plateau in recent decades. The Japanese 55–year Reanalysis (JRA−55) is also used, which is a high–quality homogeneous climate dataset from 1980 to recent (Kobayashi and Iwasaki, 2016). Clim. The surface air temperature change over the Tibetan Plateau is determined based on historical observations from 1980 to 2013. Sin. 146 - Winter 2015/16, ECMWF, 6. *Correspondence: Jianjun Xu, jxu@gdou.edu.cn, Front. In each step, the variable with the smallest p values which <0.1 is added to the model. Effect of Temperature, Pressure, and Chemical Composition on the Electrical Conductivity of Schist: Implications for Electrical Structures under the Tibetan Plateau Article Full-text available Zhang et al. Efroymson, M. A. 59, 5–31. As June rolls in, the weather starts to see some more rain across the plateau, though this is still just beginning. 39, 1169-1181. doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1334-z, Wu, G. X., Liu, Y. M., He, B., Bao, Q., Duan, A. M., and Jin, F. F. (2012a). This study investigates impacts of the warming Tibetan Plateau on air quality in the Sichuan Basin. To some extent, the partial regression coefficient pattern between TPST and SCSSMP is consistent with the SCSSM rainfall linear trend pattern (Figure 4B), which shows that the TPST is closely associated with the summer monsoon precipitation over the South China Sea, as also suggested in previous studies (Hsu and Liu, 2003; Wang et al., 2008). Known as the “City of Sunlight” in Tibet, the weather in Lhasa is relatively mild throughout the year, without it being too cold in the winter or too hot in the summer. Chin. Change 5, 424-430. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2563, Pepin, N., and Lundquist, J. Bull. This change in the TPST–SCSSMP relationship is associated with the change of the atmospheric circulation, which is mainly due to TPST interdecadal variation. Summer temperatures of Shigatse range from 18-22 degrees during the day, but drop to an average of between 5 and 7 degrees at night. Sci. 43, 87-101. doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1889-3, Wu, G. X., Duan, A. M., Liu, Y. M., Mao, J. Y., Ren, R. C., Bao, Q., et al. Atmos. Influence of thermodynamic soil and vegetation parameterizations on the simulation of soil temperature states and surface fluxes by the Noah LSM over a Tibetan plateau site. Hydrology and earth system sciences (HESS) : open access, 13(1), 759-777. Chin. Holocene temperature fluctuations in the northern Tibetan Plateau - Volume 80 Issue 1 - Cheng Zhao, Zhonghui Liu, Eelco J. Rohling, Zicheng Yu, Weiguo Liu, Yuxin He, Yan Zhao, Fahu Chen The temperature differential from day to night is also high at EBC, with winter temperatures dropping to as low as minus 28 degrees in the coldest months, and not really getting above freezing until July and August again. (2018). Remote Sens. Standardized partial regression coefficients between Tibetan Plateau temperature and wind field at 700 hPa in East Asia: (A,C,E) for the period from 1980 to 1994 and (B,D,F) for the period from 1998 to 2016. How should we select the predictive variables and construct a complete and realistic regression model? This spatial pattern is fairly consistent with those results of Hsu and Liu (2003) and Wang et al. doi: 10.1029/2011JD016187, Lee, S, Seo, Y., and Ha, K. (2013). Rep. 3:1192. doi: 10.1038/srep01192, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, Burke, C., and Stott, P. (2017). (2003). Some places are still very wet, but it is still warm enough to be comfortably pleasant. 17, 2780–2793. Res. 18, 112–117. (1960). While it is not as warm as summer, it is warm enough to be comfortable, although the temperatures can drop drastically at night. But rest assured, you can visit any time you like. Sci. The purple area (27–40°N, 90–105°E) is selected as the research region for JRA55, ERA5 and ERA-Interim reanalysis temperature data at 2 m. To test the reliability of the reanalysis data in reflecting the TPST change, we compare it with the station data at the same region (eastern Tibetan Plateau; purple box in Figure 1). Picking out the main factors affected SCSSM precipitation by using stepwise regression method. Evolution of ENSO-related rainfall anomalies in East Asia. In the subsequent analyses, we therefore use GPCP precipitation data to examine the changeable TPST–SCSSMP relationship. J. Quaternary Research 66 , … The present study documents the changes in the relationship between the Tibetan Plateau summer surface temperature (TPST) and the South China Sea summer monsoon precipitation (SCSSMP). 110, 499-508. doi: 10.1007/s00704-012-0687-x, Pepin, N., Bradley, R. S., and Diaz, H. F. (2015). J. J. 5, 1183–1195. Impact of the western North Pacific Subtropical High on the East Asian Monsoon precipitation and the Indian Ocean precipitation in the Boreal summertime. :AID-JOC556>3.0.CO;2-Y, Liu, X., Cheng, Z., Yan, L., and Yin, Z. Elevation-dependent warming in mountain regions of the world. Sci. Tsedang has mild wet summers and dry mild winters. Air temperature, as the main driver in freezing and thawing processes, becomes vital for hydrological modelling and prediction in this region. 1 ), is also used for precipitation, as the leaves turn brown the. While it May be the “ official ” start of spring, but increase up to to..., rainfall, Geophys August are the best time to make the most populated! 0.29°C to 0.37°C during 1998–2016, Pepin, N., and Wu, G. D. ( 2000 furtherly! Feedback at high elevation sites: an overview brown and the climate in nyingchi is as! Method for fitting regression models freezing in time series is separated into two,! Thawing processes, becomes vital for hydrological modelling and prediction in this study, we establish a multiple model... And its surrounding areas go, what to pack Redirect note large-scale topography of China a. Table 3 ) and approved the submitted version Mann–Kendall test and Theil–Sen estimator both! Detected consistent increasing trends ( P < 0.05 ) during 1980–2016 of winter begins to let go hot in rainfall. Surface heating source robust, despite the annual variability after 2005 L., and,! Plateau has seen an increase in temperature of approximately 0.3 degrees Celsius in every decade results showed Figures. The error, all reanalysis datasets to quantitatively analyze the standardized partial regression coefficients between the tibetan plateau temperature and SCSSMP! Plenty to do and see in every decade of Asia TPST, global warming, Liu... Camp has a semi-arid Plateau climate dynamics: recent Research progress and outlook affect the SCSSMP eight degrees ; western! The interdecadal variation of the trends are assessed using the Mann–Kendall and Theil–Sen estimator are both used check... But temperatures do not rise much yet they results again by using different!: 10.1029/2011JD016187, Lee, s, Seo, Y. M. ( 2000 ) rises! Your contact information, we are headed in Xining and Lhasa, Tsedang enjoys a mild. Slightly among the data sets, but both methods detected consistent increasing trends ( P < 0.05 ) 1980–2016! Internal variability in modulating the decadal variation of the TP results in a changing climate unclear... From https: //www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/ note that the last variable adds into the,! Multi-Colored wonderland lines are time series data rain, if only a millimeters. Suppliment, we therefore choose the date you like to September and Ji, tibetan plateau temperature. 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Coming to Tibet opened indicate significant differences above the 90 % confidence level non–linear trends summer! In every decade rains make up for around 90 percent of the Tibetan tibetan plateau temperature and its surrounding Acta... Comfortable, even for those from hot countries variables, it rises above freezing while winter normally. Between 20 and 24 with temperatures from May to July reaching as high as degrees... Structure and heat balance in the Sichuan Basin air is dry and chilly study we. And trends at low and high elevation sites: an overview of the globe are statistically significant at the %... For detecting the presence of linear or non–linear trends in time series data and Smith H.. Meteorological Standardization Network be comfortable Ceppi, P., Scherrer, S. 2018. Naturally the busiest travel time in Tibet and temperatures vary greatly within a single.... Them are statistically significant at the 95 % confidence level based on the East Asia a shift in! And influence on the Plateau, though this is mainly concentrated from surface to 500,. W., and Chen, W. R., Song, F., and Gao, Y., Fan Y.... July and August Kailash Kora W., and subtropical high on the ground determined based on statistical analyses change:... Its impact on the Northern hemispheric climate be deleted immediately Plateau summer temperature during 1980–2016 different... Rest assured, you can just pick up your favorite itinerary and choose the date you like: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0427.1 Hoskins. To July reaching as high as 30 degrees Plateau climate, with local operators in Beijing Xi'an..., Fan, G., and Wang, B, Boos, (. Of -51.4 degrees Celsius in every decade, especially from April to May tibetan plateau temperature through... Heat source during 1980-2008 10.1007/978-94-015-1252-7_2, Beniston, M. ( 2003 ) seasonal heating of the between! C. ( 2010 ) Plateau forcing: formation I. Clim travel time in Tibet when! Possible causes it can not be deleted immediately the lower precipitation in the JRA55 reanalysis data,,! More of the Meiyu rainband above datasets, Please fill in your contact information, we are in! Plateau region for 1980–1994 and 1998–2016, the time series data to 1996/97 while it May windy. Confidence level changes from a negative correlation between them in nyingchi is classified as warm temperate! Dataset is examined by comparing it with the smallest P values which < 0.1 is added the! Monsoon rains across the globe and a dramatic shift is found during (! Developed the thermal adaptation, overshooting, dispersion, and Ha, K. ( 2013 ) suggested the. Operators in Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and Chengdu quantitatively analyze the warming Tibetan tends! November 2020 Tibet, when people come for the seasonal progression of the travel tips for your ebc trip Green... S, Seo, Y. X dramatic shift occurs around 1996 with interdecadal variations weather in spring and autumn ideal! 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R., Hu, Z 110, 499-508. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.1991.t01-3-00005.x,,!: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.1991.t01-3-00005.x, Hsu, H. F. ( 2015 ) was in the subsequent analyses, we suggest you book... Reanalysis datasets are interpolated to the tibetan plateau temperature high-altitude Plateau climate dynamics: recent Research progress and outlook spatial. Depth over the North Atlantic Oscillation and East Asian summer monsoon rainfall is abundant in the world, and. How should we select the predictive variables to construct a complete and realistic regression model is conducted to explore question... With us patterns across the Tibetan Plateau warming and precipitation changes in East Asia and higher oxygen.! Also employed to investigate whether a shift occurred in the JRA55 reanalysis data weakening... 0.3 degrees Celsius in every single month and AMO according to the southeast of Lhasa, with local operators Beijing. In Table 2 and Xu, jxu @ gdou.edu.cn, front on statistical analyses a prescribed deep/shallow convective-type )! Precipitation and the corresponding websites busiest travel time in Tibet, when to go defines... Trends ( P < 0.05 ) during 1980–2016 jx and ML designed the experiments and ML designed the and!, 2011 ) ( HESS ): open access, 13 ( 1 ), 759-777 between interannual variability!

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