Incense and candles would also be used during the procession. Celtic Cross 36mm on 45 cms. Do you know if there’s any consensus on what the animal is at the base of the cross? It is a magnificent piece of work that is said to have held a piece of the true cross. The museum is open from 10am to 5pm, Tuesday to Saturday and from 2pm to 5pm on Sundays. The Cross of Cong last week made its return journey back to Dublin, after spending the last 14 months on view in the Museum of Country Life, Turlough. The exhibition shows the unique treasures of early medieval Ireland, exploring their connections with both the pagan past and the wider Christian culture of the time. Cong is a small village right on the borders of counties Mayo and Galway, and is actually situated on an island formed by a number of surrounding streams. In 1870, however, another parish priest of Cong, Fr. Underneath the decorative surface of the cross are two important symbols. Irish. Like almost all Irish art from this period, animal motifs also feature strongly. The Cross of Cong from Shannon, Ireland. The cross was commissioned by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht and (according to the inscription of the cross at least) High King of Ireland. I bought this for my wife as part of our anniversary celebration and she loved it. At this point in Ireland’s history the legendary O’Neill dynasty, who had been High Kings for several generations, had been ousted by Brian Boru. The Cross of Cong is a processional cross, a type of cross common at the time for – you guessed it – ceremonial processions! Although made for the King of Connacht and High King of Ireland, with the intention of him donating it to the Cathedral church in Tuam, county Galway, the cross ended up in Cong Abbey in county Mayo instead (more on that later). Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. The Gaelic inscriptions ask for prayers for Turlach O’ Connor, King of Eirinn, for two church dignitaries of the family of O’ Duffy and for the Irish artist who created the cross, Maoiliosa O’ Echan. 38s Donegal annals, however, distinctly state that Ruodri Ua Concobair, Kingof Connaught and of all Ireland, both the Irish and English, died among the can-ons at Cong, after exemplary penance, victorious over the world and the devil. Strapwork in the (Viking) Urnes style is present on these panels, consisting of snaking designs which the Irish craftsmen adapted into animals. The cross is so-called because it was kept in the Augustinian Friary at Cong, County Mayo, for centuries, however it … This magnificent piece of 12th century craftsmanship is regarded as one of the finest of its era. Some 500 years later the High King of Ireland at the time, Turlough Mor O’Connor, founded the abbey there and the town was born. Celtic Cross 36mm on 45 cms. Taking the most powerful throne of all required more than just going to war, however – they also needed the backing of the increasingly influential and powerful churches to defeat their foes. Can be set with a choice of Cubic Zirconia stones or Connemara Marble as pictured. In fact its interior is actually just a simple wooden cross, covered in several precious metals including gold, silver, copper, bronze and brass as well as enamel and coloured glass. Hisbody was conveyed to Clonmacnois, and interred on the north side of the altar. A walk along the dry canal rekindles memories of the dreaded famine of 1845-1848. It would have been mounted on top of a long wooden pole when used in public, carried up the centre aisle of the church at the head of the procession, and then removed from its staff and placed on the altar. The staff at the academy was unaware of this however, so he simply walked in, asked to see the cross, and when everyone’s back was turned, ran out of the building with it tucked under his clothes! MAYO. The Cross of Cong, now a prominent exhibit in the Hiberno-Norse/Romanesque collection, preserved in the National Museum of Ireland, is one of the finest exemplars of Celtic metalwork. It was presented to Father Flanagan upon his final visit to his home country in 1946 by Peter Doyle, the Lord Mayor of Dublin. Over the following centuries the abbey was attacked more than once, first by the Norman knight William de Burgh, and later by Henry VIII, who suppressed the abbey in 1542 and instigated its slow decline. One of them, a professor at Trinity College named James MacCullagh, used his own money to purchase the cross from Prendergast’s successor. The objects on display are of international significance, not just as archaeological evidence but because collectively and often individually, they represent major landmarks in early European culture. Despite his efforts, some antiquarians had come to know of its existence. The Cross of Cong is on public display at the National Museum of Country Life at Turlough Park. One abbot remained as the parish priest and this situation continued until 1829 when the last abbot died. The Cross of Cong is on public display at the National Museum of Country Life at Turlough Park. Eileen was so nice to even include a little Card with my birthday wishes and some chocolates(...). The cross of Cong was made in 1123 in Roscommon at the order of the High King of Ireland of the time, Turlough O'Conor. The cross was guarded by the Augustinians of Cong and was placed on the altar only on very special occasions. Cong is known for its underground streams that connect Lough Corrib with Lough Mask to the north. He gave it to the Royal Irish Academy, who gave it pride of place in the National Museum of Ireland (when they built it 60 years later, that is). Brass panels along the front and back of the arms are covered in intricate interlacing patterns. Luckily, the cross survived the ordeal largely intact. However, metalwork was still just as prevalent as ever with groups of artists slaving over silver chalices, high stone crosses, and altar ornaments. The context for this is the vacuum in power that followed the Battle of Clontarf, which both curtailed the Vikings and ended the imperial ambitions of Brian Bóruma. One thing is for sure, it would never have been on public display at this time when not in use. Not that I am aware of, just that it is described as the heads of beasts. Either way, the cross was extremely valuable due to both the relic and the extraordinary craftsmanship that went into making it, and would only have been used for very special ceremonies. Patrick Prendergast, who lived there from 1795 until his death in 1829. He snatched the cross and returned it to its rightful place, Cong. One abbot remained as the parish priest and this situation continued until 1829 when the last abbot died. It was probably used there for very special occasions in the following centuries, but would have been hidden among locals and members of religious orders in their own homes due to persecution against Catholics during the Penal Laws. Cong is situated on an island formed by a number of streams that surround it on all sides. So the kingship of Ireland was up for grabs, and just about everyone wanted it (everyone being the kings of the four provinces Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connacht). To make it not only magnificent, but important and revered as well, Tairrdelbach made his cross a reliquary – a container for a relic – by placing in it a piece of the purported ‘true cross’, the wooden cross used to crucify Jesus. It stands 30 inches high, and the breadth of the arms is 19 inches. It was used by monks intermittently, with the last abbot being Fr. It has since been transferred to the National Museum in Dublin where it is kept with other national treasures. The 12th century in Ireland however was a time of political turmoil, and there is more to the historical context of this cross than meets the eye. The cross was guarded by the Augustinians of Cong and was placed on the altar only on very special occasions. Cong is located on the isthmus connecting Loughs Corrib and Mask, near the towns of Headford and Ballinrobe and the villages of Clonbur, the Neale and Cross. 9K yellow gold cross set with cubic zirconia and a single Connemara marble stone in the centre. 1. The cross may be described as made of wood sheeted with cast bronze panels of animal motifs, and sheet-silver embellished with … You can find more info here on The National Museum of Ireland, they may be able to provide an answer – https://www.museum.ie/en-IE/Collections-Research/Irish-Antiquities-Division-Collections/Collections-List-(1)/Early-Medieval/The-Cross-of-Cong. A known Fenian sympathiser and rebel within the religious order, he was famous for condemning the then leader of the Catholic Church and regularly gave orations on the Irish independence cause. Before the phenomenon of The Quiet Man, however, Cong was noteworthy because of its 13th century Augustinian abbey, which contains some of the finest examples of medieval religious architecture in Ireland. The Cross of Cong. The last (nominal) abbot was Father Patrick Prendergast, parish priest of Cong from 1795 until his death in 1829. The Cross of Cong from Shannon, Ireland. The Cross of Cong is 76cm high, but in procession it was held even higher on a staff or pole. The Cross was originally known as the Cross of Roscommon since it was made and started its life there. Dating from 1123, the Cross of Cong is so called because it was kept in the Augustinian Abbey in Cong for centuries. It was made by order of Turlogh O'Conor, king of Connaught, for the church of Tuam, then governed by Archbishop Muredach O'Duffy. The Cross is one of Ireland’s greatest treasures. The cross of Cong was made in 1123 in Roscommon at the order of the High King of Ireland of the time, Turlough O'Conor. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The cross was guarded by the Augustinians of Cong and was placed on the altar only on very special occasions. Metropolitan Museum of Art (Cloisters Museum) (New … Learn more about us, listen to sermons, get service times, directions, contact information and more. During the period 750-1150, Irish sculptors working within monasteries created a series of Celtic High Cross Sculptures which constitute the most significant body of free-standing sculpture produced between the collapse of the Roman Empire (c.450) and the beginning of the Italian Renaissance (c.1450). The Ardagh Chalice deposed what is known as the Cross of Cong from the proud position of chief among the works of art in the museum. Lavelle, successfully stole the cross from the Academy. This book is the fruit of many years of research into Irish art of the 11th and 12th centuries with a particular focus on the Cross of Cong. Its edges were studded with precious stones and a large crystal in the centre covered the relic enshrined in the cross. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Absolutely loved it. The 16th century brought persecution and hardship to the religious orders in Ireland and the Augustinians were forced to leave Cong. The True Cross was probably sent by Pope Callistus II to O’Conor as king of Ireland – by being given a fragment to keep, O’Conor could claim that the Pope recognised him as king of Ireland 1. It was made by order of Turlogh O'Conor, king of Connaught, for the church of Tuam, then governed by Archbishop Muredach O'Duffy. Cross of Cong. It is called the “Bacall Bui” (yellow crozier) and was commissioned by the king, Turlach O’ Connor and was made in Roscommon in 1123. The Cross of Cong. As we reflect on the custom jewelry we've been asked to. Stroll around the monastic cloisters and cast your mind back to the psalm chanting monks following the ornate Cross of Cong which is now in the National Museum. Known as the Cross of Cong this Irish Christian cross is a highlight of craftsmanship from a time when Ireland was run by Kings, and religious artefacts were prized and revered. There is also evidence that an earlier circular container was placed underneath the rock crystal, and that this is where the relic was placed. The Market Cross in the village commemorates two former abbots of the monastery. Work Type. Christmas Shipping: Free Delivery Ireland and UK | For all other countries, we recommend choosing UPS Express at checkout, Handcrafted Irish Jewelry, Inspired by the Past, Sign up for our newsletter & receive 10% off your first order, https://www.museum.ie/en-IE/Collections-Research/Irish-Antiquities-Division-Collections/Collections-List-(1)/Early-Medieval/The-Cross-of-Cong, Inspiration: Custom Irish Jewelry Designs. He then inscribed his name and title on it, adding ‘High King of Ireland’ for good measure, and handed it over to Tuam. This ornate cross is a replica of the famous Cross of Cong that sits in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin. The Cross of Cong is … Digital Library Federation, December 2002 digitized Print version record A highlight of craftsmanship from a time when Ireland was run by Kings, and religious artefacts were prized and revered. Cross of Cong. His successor Fr Pat Lavelle was appointed in 1869, he was a well known Fenian sympathiser and a rebel within the religious order. Chains available in different lengths on reques Chains available in different lengths on reques Monks turned their artistic abilities to painting, sculpting, drawing, and book binding among other crafts. The uppermost segment of the cross has a quite different, and somewhat larger, measure. Well, quite a lot, actually. 1123 (creation) Preview. On the wooden core of the cross is carved the shape of another cross (now known as a ‘Cross of Lorraine’) which is said to be a symbol for the true cross. A church was built at the site of the Abbey in the 7th century, allegedly by Saint Feichin, and the settlement grew up around it. Dean Waldron was the successor and on taking over the Abbot’s house he found several treasures hidden within. Almost every inch of the cross is covered with gold filigree and strap work, combining Celtic, Viking and Romanesque imagery and designs. The Cross of Cong which now lies in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin was discovered in Cong around 1929. Please select the desired colour from the drop down menu. It’s still there to this day, although it did enjoy a brief stint in the Country Life exhibit in Castlebar in 2010. Digital Library Federation, December 2002 digitized Print version record Hi Edward, apologies for the delay in getting back to you. The overall winning story, below, was by Patrick in 6th class. The Cross of Cong, which is 2 feet 6 inches high, is all covered over with elaborate ornamentation of pure Celtic design; and a series of inscriptions in the Irish language along the sides give its full history. The Cross of Cong was presented to the Royal Irish Academy in 1839 by James MacCullough. Beneath the head is the ornately decorated rouned socket into which the staff would have been inserted. Description This is the first detailed study of the Cross of Cong, one of Ireland’s great national treasures. Cross of Cong Sterling silver Cross set with cubic zirconia and a single Connemara marble stone in the centre. The Cross of Cong is a processional cross, a type of cross common at the time for – you guessed it – ceremonial processions! It measures 30 inches tall and 19 inches wide and was used as a processional cross. The Cross of Cong was made in 1123 to encase a fragment of the True Cross that was brought to Ireland and displayed in different places around the country. The cross is so-called because it was kept in the Augustinian Friary at Cong, County Mayo, for centuries, however it … ca. The Cross of Cong is such a magnificent treasure that by having it made O’Conor was displaying his wealth and power 1. Made of oak and standing 30 inches high with arms extending 19 inches, it is covered with silver and bronze plates washed with gold. It was made in 1123 AD to encase a fragment of the True Cross that was brought to Ireland and displayed in different places. The Cross of Cong, which is 2 feet 6 inches high, is all covered over with elaborate ornamentation of pure Celtic design; and a series of inscriptions in the Irish language along the sides give its full history. unknown (Irish) Date. MAYO. Although it was in Tuam for a time, it was transferred to Cong at some point, most likely for safekeeping with the increasing threat of attacks and invasions of religious sites in Ireland. Fearless of repercussions he condemned the then leader of the Catholic Church, Cardinal Cullen and delivered many orations in favour of the patriotic cause. A mix of early Celtic style decoration and Viking styles of the 11th and 12th century, the Cross of Cong is just one of the treasures at the National Museum of Archaeology in Dublin. It would have been mounted on top of a long wooden pole when used in public, carried up the centre aisle of the church at the head of the procession, and then removed from its staff and placed on the altar. Notes On The Cross Of Cong Electronic reproduction Master and use copy. Please enquire for details. Culture. This piece of true cross had arrived in Ireland from Rome in 1123 and was enshrined in Roscommon, where the cross was made. The pieces themselves a(...), The anam cara pendant is perfect. It was meant to invoke awe. crosses (objects) Work Technique. The Story of the Cross of Cong. It is oak covered in plates of gilt-bronze, and is highly decorated in interlacing animals and serpents. 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