Fossil fuels are anyhow going to be finished in the next 20-30 years but till then, if the high use of fossil fuels will continue then by the end of fossil fuels, we would be experiencing a whole new climate. Such genome engineering is also possible for livestock, although it is not without ethical concerns.  Tack, J., Lingenfelser, J., & Jagadish, S. V. (2017). The high emissions of the greenhouses gases is depleting the ozone layer and giving rise to global warming and global warming is one of the major causes of climate change.  Otoghile, A., & Ebomoyi, I. 39 per cent of this arises from land-use change and forestry; 33 per cent from energy production (oil and gas extraction, and the power sector); 14 per cent from waste (incineration of municipal waste); 13 per cent from agriculture; and 2 per cent from industry. Although methane and nitrous oxide are emitted in smaller quantities than carbon dioxide from fossil fuel use, they have global warming potentials that 25 and 300 times greater, respectively. Furthermore, an increasing population requires the continued commercialization of agriculture. That climate change has disastrous consequences which Nigeria has began to experience especially in the southern Nigeria as reflected in the massive flood experienced in 2012. Many ideas are already put forward, many are being planned and many have been executed. Climate change is increasing the frequency of droughts and changed precipitation patterns, both of which have exacerbated heat and water stresses, especially in the arid north of the country. 8. As a party to the Paris Agreement, Nigeria has committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 20 per cent relative to a business-as-usual scenario of economic and emissions growth by 2030, and to pursuing a 45 per cent reduction if sufficient international support is received. Battery costs are prohibitive, but they are falling; this makes them an attractive long-term option for energy storage that compensates for the variability of supply that renewables suffer. In Nigeria alone, there are over 100 million people in darkness. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. The shale revolution is set to make the US the largest oil producer by the end of 2018, surpassing Russia and Saudi Arabia, a prospect that will affect global oil markets and geopolitics. Lower rainfall in the north, for example, reduces the availability of trees and biomass for However, short-termism in planning risks locking Nigeria into a scenario where significant emissions from gas cannot be mitigated until the decades-long lifetimes of these plants are reached. With 70 per cent of government revenues generated from oil and gas exports, the plummeting of oil prices from 100 to 30 dollars per barrel resulted in a scarcity of foreign exchange, and the country could not satisfy its hefty import bill. Click . (2016). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Shockingly, every year 33 million acres of forests are cut down. Climate change is real. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. Agricultural emissions are contributed by methane released from the guts of ruminants (cattle, sheep and goats), nitrous oxide gases from fertiliser use, and carbon dioxide from fuel use in heavy agricultural machinery. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. However, if the world fails to step up climate action, continuing on our current climate trajectory could force 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030. Unplug your Devices: In almost every house, there are at least a dozen of appliances which includes air conditioner, television, microwave, washing machine etc. A debate on the path to Paris and the feasibility/usefulness of the agreement itself has since ensued. Abstract. For the rural communities that these systems often serve, this limits their ability to operate large energy-consuming appliances e.g. Source: Human dynamics of climate change, technical report, Met Office, HM Government, UK, 2014. There are several pitfalls of advancing “big ag” without understanding the positive feedback between climate change impacts and altering local ecosystems. (And Which Foods to Avoid), Can Squirrels Eat Raisins? They highlighted that a paradigm shift is occurring in the oil markets “from an age of scarcity (or, more accurately, ‘perceived’ scarcity) to an age of abundance, with potentially profound implications for global oil markets as they become increasingly competitive”. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. complete decarbonization) by 2070; this requires an unprecedented transition of the global energy system so as to decouple economic growth and rising GHG emissions from fossil fuel use. What are some pragmatic solutions to climate change in Africa? It is now widely accepted that mitigation and adaptation measures are necessary to address climate change effects. Many countries have already put strict rules in controlling the emissions. Nigeria’s development plan does not recognize the economical threat caused by the climate China is badly affected by the climate change as the cities are covered by the smog most of the year. Using off-grids powered by solar or hydro power has three major limitations for sustainable climate change mitigation. Reforesta , 3, 105-115. Security, health and governance challenges are viewed as more imminent and having more potential for devastation.  Akpan-Ebe, I. N. (2017). Facilities will need to be engineered to the material they process. Crop productivity is also expected to fall, so more water and fertiliser inputs will be needed to achieve a given output. However, the above has outlined that while climate change effects are gradual, the impacts of climate change will be more widespread and will have detrimental socioeconomic and health consequences. Global warming is the cause of climate change. in many countries due to the government’s efforts to decarbonise the economy. Successful mitigation of emissions from this sector would require a major change in diet choices; adopting a plant-based diet is considered critical to reducing the demand for meat and hence the associated GHG emissions from its production. flood defences against sea level rise, reduced meat consumption to curb agricultural emissions. Accurate population data and reliable forecasts are critical to understanding how the energy infrastructure should be developed. Underpinning the effective implementation of the solutions discussed is the collection and use of good quality data. The communiqué stated that climate change is a development issue that should be mainstreamed into various sectors of national, regional and state development plans. Addressing our land-use derived emissions will help to alleviate climate change and imminent health challenges. With 70 per cent of Nigeria’s population engaged in agriculture, the socioeconomic repercussions cannot be overstated. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. As temperature influences natural forces (winds, ocean currents, precipitation patterns, etc. (2018). Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. Apart from this, every person should use their appliances smartly and efficiently. Adapting agricultural practices to climate change impacts should therefore be the focus of efforts. And it appears to be speeding up.  Randall, T. (2016). Should Nigeria lag in diversifying its revenue base, it will again have to contend with low oil prices but this time without the prospect of price recovery to ease economic decline. Such initiatives also require new and sustained funding sources. ), melting of polar ice caps and changes in crop yields and productivity, some of which are already evident today, and all of which will disrupt the current socioeconomic order. As mentioned, climate change is caused by a lot of factors and global warming is one of them.  By the mid-2020s, unsubsidised utility-scale renewable electricity is expected to be competitive with fossil fuel-derived electricity. (2015). The resulting independent power producers (IPPs) often invest in natural gas-fired generation due to the domestic abundance of the resource and relatively low capital costs of gas power plants. More broadly, agricultural and climate policies must be reconciled if growth of the sector is to be sustained, and research can play a key role in identifying major barriers and determining how resources should be allocated. As these areas become increasingly arid and inhabitable, communities will migrate for survival and create new planning, health and security challenges in the settlements to which they move.  Brandt, M., Wigneron, J.-P., Chave, J., Tagesson, T., Penuelas, J., Ciais, P., et al. Recent governments have repeatedly stated their commitment to reclaiming Nigeria’s historical status as an agricultural powerhouse. This was the subject of a paper by Bassam Fattouh (Director, Oxford Institute of Energy Studies) and Spencer Dale (Chief Economist, BP). This is largely contributed by the clearing of forestland for firewood and wood charcoal, agriculture and commercial logging. Crisis of Industrialization in Nigeria. Various manifestations of its impact are evident in Nigeria, which include increase in drought, scarcity of food instigated somewhat by irregularities in rainfall and over flooding. Stop Cutting down Trees: Believe it or not, cutting down trees is the prime reason of the climate change. This will prove unfeasible in the short-term due to the large investment in energy infrastructure needed to satisfy sparsely distributed rural communities. Effects of Greenhouse Gases on Climate Change, Why Do White Rabbits Have Red Eyes? 2. Agriculture & Food Security , 5 (26). Decomposing organic waste in the absence of air can however produce bio-methane for heat or power generation. The latest technology whose use is increasing is the use of LED lights. Tonnes and tonnes of garbage is disposed in landfills and after a certain period of time, the organic matter emit methane gas which is a greenhouse gas. Industry is also a means to economic diversification that can boost employment opportunities for relatively unskilled labour, however this approach is yet to be constructively pursued in Nigeria. 5. Adaptation is the adjustment of the natural and built environment, and human behaviour to reduce their vulnerability to climate change impacts e.g. Can Squirrels Eat Bread? But should such individual and national efforts fail, there is another, potentially desperate solution: Experiment Earth —Climate change represents humanity's first planetwide experiment. © 2020 . Furthermore, in a world where stranded assets—investments that are unable to earn a return as a result of changes associated with the transition to a low-carbon economy—are becoming a reality, it will be economically unwise to invest heavily in gas when the rapidly declining costs of renewable energy technologies are making them increasingly competitive. Whilst these decarbonization measures can, and are being pursued, at some cost, in industrialised economies, they will prove difficult in emerging economies—the centres of future population and economic growth—where near-term industrialization objectives will compete with long-term mitigation strategies for investment. The dependence on oil rents for 90 per cent of export revenues also leave the economy vulnerable to climate policies that seek to wean the world off fossil fuels. This will leave Nigeria vulnerable to stricter climate policies, which are likely if the world is not able to decarbonise quickly enough to meet the Paris target. A better understanding of site-specific solar insolation and winds speeds will aid the selection of optimal sites for renewable energy projects. 7. For these to be possible, however, local and state governments must educate communities on the dangers of uncontrolled combustion or dumping of their waste. The changing economics of renewable energy present an opportunity to develop a low-carbon energy supply, which can power homes and industry without ballooning GHG emissions and stifling climate change mitigation efforts. These devices lead to global warming and hence the climate change. LED lights are efficient and consume less energy. Climate change is being substantially increased by humans and the carbon we put into the atmosphere. OPEC has since ceded and, with Russia, has agreed a prolonged period of production cuts to recover oil prices to the levels we observe today (~$70/barrel). Mitigation is the prevention of further climate change by reducing the sources or enhancing the sinks of greenhouse gas emissions e.g. If science has made any mistakes, science has been underestimating it. Climate action has suffered from the myopia of political leadership globally, and Nigeria is no exception. What is Renewable Energy? Government should invest more in low-carbon fuels and renewable energy in Nigeria. (2016). You won’t believe to know that the following ideas are already into consideration: 9. As meat is a fixture of indigenous cuisines and making a cultural change will prove difficult, if at all possible. The relevant fields of study that can be leveraged to solve climate change issues should be emphasised in curricula so local expertise can be nurtured. The incineration of municipal waste, especially plastics and volatile organic compounds (contained in petrol, cleaning agents, paint, building material) releases toxic gases that are potent carcinogens and GHGs. March 2020. (2018). Government has sought to improve the efficiency of the energy sector through privatization of power generation and distribution assets, which began in 2008. Partnering with leading research institutions in bioengineering will be necessary to develop local expertise to global standards. Contribution of Working Group III to the fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 6. Energy: Climate change is expected to negatively impact the already limited electrical power supply in Nigeria, through impacts on hydroelectric and thermal generation (Ebele and Emodi, 2016). Risk premiums however will remain high until such projects are successfully demonstrated; pursuing smaller scale on- or off-grid solutions will delay this and deter GHG emissions reductions.
Underwater Welding Salary, Characteristics Of An Entrepreneur, Authors Like Jacqueline Woodson, 1 Usd To El Salvador Currency, Canon Dslr Camera Price In Dubai 2020, Qbd Risk Management Tools, Pal Ek Pal Song Female Version, Waters Edge Restaurants, Grouse Meaning In Telugu, Angola Rainfall 2019, Gfs Product Guide,