As we are experts on the use of concrete as a building material, we will focus on the two former of these types. Construction Basics You'll need about 300 standard three-wire bales of straw to make a 2,000 sq ft house (186 sq m). Diagram of Typical Floor Construction The thickness and stiffness of the subfloor determine the types of finish materials that can be laid on top of it. Different flooring types are there based on different factors. Mezzanine floor is constructed for services of building, shops & offices, to provide facilities for the occupants who are living in High-rise buildings. 1. … Unstable soil will need to be stabilized, most likely through mechanical compaction, and at a potentially high price. A sub-basement is another level of basement below the first level. A floor in building construction is a leveled surface which can support the objects, occupants etc. Gravel. Basement . A variety of graded materials can be used to make up a hardcore layer: Construction waste such as brick and broken tiles. House foundations come in different types and various techniques so learn all about them in order to find the right type for your home design. Back Back to: Villa Mozart Previous Next . You need to use bales that have a uniform size (about a metre long, half a metre wide), are well secured with two strings, and with very few seed heads. Many finishes can be used in combination to achieve a wider range of results, to suit any style or taste. In the final state the ribs in the decking serve as void formers in the slab, thereby reducing the weight of floor construction with the knock-on benefits this can have. 1 Foundations. The ground floor construction as a section will involve the annotated illustration of the component parts namely: The foundation, the footing course, the hardcore filling and the concrete slab. Sand is filled at a height of 0.15m and then Sand level is rammed. 4 Upper Floors. It may also be used on its own to form a temporary road surface on construction sites. There are two types of concrete floor system commonly used in residential construction; ground bearing and suspended. 3 Ground Floors. While ground bearing slabs are essentially similar, their method of construction varies according to the likely end use and the accuracy of building required. In 1875, the Public Health Act was introduced. 5 Roof Structure. A suitable compacted soil support system in the top 12 inches must be able to support the load carried by a floor—concrete can’t perform alone. There are two types of Grade slabs: Usually after casting Plinth beams. Raft foundation transmits the total load from the building to the entire ground floor area. There are 2 types of floor construction used in construction today; these can be classed as either Suspended or Solid. Types of Subfloor Materials in Construction Projects ... Quality installation of a plywood subfloor includes gluing the plywood panels to the floor joists with construction adhesive. Wooden floor’s finish is susceptible to scratching from heavy traffic, high heeled foot wears or pet nails; It can be divide into two portion. suspended Floors, and ; solid Floors; A suspended Floor is a specialist construction made of a solid concrete Floor, a system of sleeper walls and timber joists, upon which sits a supported timber floor.This type of floor allows home owners to run electrical wires and other such elements under the floor boards. This information is only available to paying isurv subscribers. 69 Chapter 4 FLOOR CONSTRUCTION Woodframe floor systems and concrete slab-on-grade floors are discussed in this chapter. A solid ground floor consists of a layer of concrete, which in the case of a domestic building will be the surface layer brought up to ground floor level with hardcore filling under it. Suspended timber floors need to have spaces underneath ventilated via air 'bricks' through the outer walls and gaps in any internal walls so that the air can move across the building underneath the floors to prevent the build up of moisture in the timber which could lead to fungal attack. There are also click-together engineered hardwood planks for a "floating floor" installation. Floors may be stone, wood, bamboo, metal or any other material that can support the expected load. The one is made using concrete and the other is made with timber. A: The functional requirements of ground floors. It can only be accessed from inside the main building and does not have windows. FLOOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete or Timber Floor? The word raft is used in the sense that the slab of the concrete floats on the surface as a raft/mat on the surface of water. Sustainable floor construction starts with good subgrade control. Although cold-formed steel framing for floor systems also is permitted by the IRC, it is not covered here; rather, the reader is referred to the AISI Standard for Cold-Formed Steel Framing – Prescriptive Method for One- and Two-Family Dwellings (AISI, 2001) for guidance. Evolution of Building Elements Contents. We set out every type but it doesn't end there. Quick to construct 2. A raft foundation is a continuous slab of concrete usually covering an area equal to or greater than the base of the building which support the walls or lightly loaded columns and serve as a base for the ground floor. Floors vary from simple dirt in a cave to many-layered surfaces made with modern technology. 6 Types of Basements. Columns are erected throughout the ground floor to support the reinforced concrete slab. In the UK the Building Regulations Approved Documents provide guidance on some of the requirements of ground floors. Ground Floor Construction. While the values do vary for each particular material and method of construction, the following table gives general figures for some common modes of construction. Selection of floor system. Careful consideration of the soil-type specific to your building site will help to ensure the stability of your foundation and integrity of your house for years to come. Functional Requirements Of Ground Floors Construction Essay. The advantage of a solid ground floor is the elimination of dry rot and other problems normally associated with hollow joisted floors. More expensive 2. If your house is built on a concrete slab, the slab can serve as a base for almost any type of flooring. It is also possible to suspend services from the soffit of a composite slab, using anchors that are designed to slot into the decking profile. Work starts on the first floor. U values (overall coefficient of heat transmission) indicate the heat flow through materials - the higher the figure, the higher the heat loss. In this flooring, timber floor is suspended from the ground level. When building a home from the ground up, considering the main structure and systems would come up as one of the first decisions to make. This type of slab is used on the Basement floor. Suspended Floor Suspended Floor: A suspended floor is one that is suspended above the ground. 26 Disadvantages: 1. for ground and upper floor. Different types of ground floor suspended flooring . If they cannot be built below the frost line, they should be protected by insulation: normally a little heat from the building will permeate into the soil and prevent freezing. Conventional types can be nailed or glued down. We'll floor you with your flooring guide. The slab which is cast on the surface of the earth is called a Ground slab. SUSPENDED. It rests on beams spanning between supporting walls. A floor is the bottom surface of a room or vehicle. There are many floor coverings and floor finishes for our homes and buildings, but in construction there are only two basic types of floor structure from which we can choose. Brickwork and additional formwork, to house the lift, start to rise at the first-floor level. 1. Composite floor systems. Sub-Basement. Polished concrete includes two distinct types of finishes: trowel finished floors (with or without post-applied finishes), and ground and polished or abrasive blasted floors. Requires machinery to lift heavy beams Advantages: 1. There are, broadly, two common types of Flooring:. 2. Hardwood goes down pretty quickly and can be installed by most builders, although glue-down installation is more tricky than nail-down. Both may be used for ground-level floors and both may be used for upper storey floors. Actual floor systems in buildings come in all sizes, shapes, and forms. 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