Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. Kingdom : Plant Phylum : Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: Taraxacum Species: officinale. Also see Dandelion … find out more. The dandelion is sometimes considered a weed and is most well … dandelion classification. The most familiar species is T. officinale. Kingdom Plantae Phylum Anthophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Asterales Family Asteraceae Genus Taraxacum . 9 Types of Dandelion Color posted by John Spacey, August 04, 2020. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …taproots, as, for example, the dandelion (. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [1] Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. If broken, the leaves and flower stalks will emit a milky white sap. However, the same thing that makes dandelion so potent can also create complications for people with certain medical conditions. Al Razi around 900 (A.D.) wrote "the tarashaquq is like chicory". It becomes quite large when cultivation, the leaves reaching a foot or more in length. This rosette arises from a prominent taproot. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "dandelion: Taraxacum officinale (Asterales: Asteraceae): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dandelion&oldid=7114705, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Phylum – Anthophyta (Angiosperms) Part of the Anthophyta phylum because they reproduce by covered seeds and go through double fertilization, therefore, part of the angiosperm lineage. It grows wild in most parts of … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Dandelion root is also high in inulin, a prebiotic fiber. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; leaves that may be nearly smooth-margined, toothed, or deeply cut; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of ray flowers (no disk flowers). Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. For added safety, choose dandelion products that have been certified organic to avoid exposure to pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Dandelion Class - Cosmetics & Soap. dandelion faceclock This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The leaves may be nearly smooth-edged, toothed, or deeply cut; the toothed appearance gave rise to the plant's name (dent-de-lion means "lion's tooth" in French). Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion. Dandelion is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. The Common Dandelion, also known as Taraxacum Officinale, grow between April an September and grow the best in sunny areas and areas that have little human interactions. Here are some of the more common varieties of dandelion plants: Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination. Updates? Support Healthy Digestion. The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. Dandelion Class. Dandelion is a very easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils. [4] Its seeds are like little parachutes that fly away with the wind, spreading and growing more dandelions. Beginning with this image of a lush dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), we can see lots of flower heads and a number of new heads forming, along with some closed heads which bloomed recently. The Irish scientist and philosopher Ibn Sīnā around 1000 (A.D.) wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. [5], Like other members of the Asteraceae family, they have small flowers collected together into a composite flower head. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The seedhead is shown below it. The most familiar species is T. officinale. The rest are monocotyledons, which means that they sprout with one leaf rather than two when the plant first emerges from the seed. The dandelion (Taraxacum) is such a prolific perennial that its many varieties are a fixture of all USDA hardiness zones across the United States. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. For our plant comparison we are going to look at dandelion (which most people know) and cat’s ear (a similar looking plant). Research indicates … Dandelions contain bioactive compounds that may help lower a person’s … A dandelion is a flower. Well known species of dandelions are native to Eurasia and were probably brought to North America on the Mayflower as a crop and medicine. Corrections? They are an invasive species in some areas. Reducing cholesterol. Because of this, the quality of the products can vary. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. The stem is smooth and hollow and bears a solitary yellow head, consisting solely of ray flowers, that produces a cluster of numerous tiny, tufted, single-seed fruits. Overview Information Dandelion is an herb that is native to Europe. It has a basal rosette of densely hairy leaves with rounded lobes. Cat's ear dandelion (Hypochaeris radicata) is a perennial weed that is similar to common dandelion. The common dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Japanese around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Common Dandelion Species Description These plants are from foreign areas (those that occur outside of North America north of Mexico) that have been released intentionally or unintentionally. Share on Pinterest. Classification. They are used in China as medicine. There are around 30 species of dandelion that can be found all over the world. Varieties and Subspecies of Dandelion Each single flower in a head is called a floret. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Dandelions are perennial, herbaceous plants that grow best in moist, sunny areas found in all parts of the northern temperate zone. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a member of the Asteraceae family, along with other 23,000 species, notably including artichoke (Cynara cardunculus), chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), lettuce (Lactuca sativa), and marigold (Tagetes erecta). Common dandelions grow very low to the round. The seeds from these dandelions are … This page was last changed on 18 September 2020, at 14:07. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti The dandelion could almost be an evergreen plant as it seems to grow … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. The oblong or spatulate, irregularly dentate or pinnatifid leaves grow in a rosette from the milky taproot, which also send up one or more naked flower stems, each terminating in a single yellow flower. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Dandelion pollen can often make people have allergies. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). The dandelion is a perennial plant. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. [2] All parts of both species are edible. The bitter young leaves are used in salads, and the roots can be used to make a coffee-like beverage. This results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant.[6]. Omissions? It is also found throughout mild climates of the northern hemisphere. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. Highly Nutritious. The dandelion is a weedy composite plant with a rosette of leaves radiating from its base. A dandelion is a flower. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. [3], Their sharp leaves look a bit like lion's teeth. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. Dandelions are Magnoliopsida, or dicotyledons, along with 2/3 of all plants. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/dandelion, dandelion - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), dandelion - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The perrenial plant has a deep taproot and can reach 0.5 m in height. Dandelion is often cultivated as an edible salad crop and as a … The plant grows year round but goes dormant in areas that experience a cold winter. The fruit is a ball-shaped cluster of many small, tufted, one-seeded fruits. Dandelion is a bright orangish yellow based on the color of the flowering plant of the same name. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. plantwatch.naturealberta.ca/choose-your-plants/common-dandelion Dandelion readily absorbs pesticides, heavy metals (such as lead, nickel, copper, and cadmium), and other substances from the environment, … Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Dandelion root remedies are classified as dietary supplements by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and do not need to undergo the stringent testing that pharmaceutical drugs do. 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