The significant threat which climate change poses to agricultural production and food security in sub-Saharan Africa is now widely recognised (Calzadilla et al. Learning from climate change perceptions in southern African cities. Figure 1 provides a general schematic of the methods employed for this assessment of climate change impacts in Malawi. In Malawi, climate change effects are felt by the whole population. UMFULA aims to improve climate information for medium-term (5-40 year) decision-making in the water-energy-food nexus in central and southern Africa, with a particular focus on Tanzania and Malawi. In this 2nd episode, we explore how, FCFA’s research in Malawi was carried out by, in Lake Malawi and the Shire River Basin. The current and future climate of central and southern Africa: What we have learnt and what it means for decision-making in Malawi and Tanzania  – UMFULA Key publication. Impacts of climate change on Malawi’s agricultural system and food security. Countries like Malawi have a heavy dependence on natural resources and rains. Malawi is an African country, located south of the Equator, mostly hilly and mountainous, and has a tropical climate (or sub-tropical at high altitudes), with a hot and rainy season from mid-November to April and a relatively cool and dry season from mid-May to mid-August (that is, the austral winter). A think tank workshop , supported through the FCFA Innovation Fund, provided useful initial insight into the values guiding decision-making in the city, which are largely driven by the mandates of different government sectors. Such breakthroughs are improbable when you consider that these researchers download massive data sets through cheap Sim cards in their mobile phones and analyse the output overnight. Apart from causing the lack of access to water supply, drought derails the economic progress for communities. For the decades following the 1960s and peaking in 1984, there was a downturn of rainfall of some 30% across the Sahel, which led to famine and the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people and the displacement of many millions. The Shire River Basin is a major outflow of Lake Malawi and is a vital source of hydropower, irrigation, and biodiversity. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Climate change: What's it got to do with farming? Maize yields have … Under a business as usual scenario, greenhouse gas emissions could rise by 25–90 per cent by 2030 relative to 2000 and the Earth could warm by 3°C this century. Food security in Malawi is largely defined by the availability of maize or ’ nsima ’– the staple food. With an economy highly dependent on climate-vulnerable natural resources and minimal access to electricity, Malawi seeks to improve the lives and livelihoods of its 15 million people by strengthening climate change and risk management and expanding domestic renewable energy solutions. Although this has been influenced by climate change, it has also been encouraged through government policies to intensify maize production. Malawi’s Constitution Doesn’t Back Sexual Minorities-Report - Sunday, 25 October 2020 13:48. Read about our approach to external linking. The reports highlighted Malawi’s vulnerability to impacts of climate change in the key socio economic sectors. For the latest FCFA climate change news visit the news stories page. In the last two decades, Malawi has experienced a number of adverse climatic hazards. presents the outcomes of an original assessment of climate change impacts on . The wealthy have funds or insurance to cover a quick retreat to safety, temporary accommodation, and rebuilding or relocation costs. The effects of climate change will primarily influence agriculture through alterations in plant growth, water availability, nutrient availability, increased temperature and elevated CO2 levels. US Pfizer Covid vaccine approved for emergency use, US faces bleak winter amid worst Covid wave yet, Trump's latest, legal longshot to challenge result, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter. 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We know remarkably little about that climate system - it is scarcely even monitored - there are more reporting rain gauges in the UK county of Oxfordshire than the entire Congo Basin. Central to that rainfall change is the behaviour of thunderstorms, which deliver around 70% of African rain. We have seen, time and time again, that its impacts take no notice of national borders. 2013; IPCC 2014; Challinor et al. The lawsuit sought to invalidate results in four states where President Trump lost the US election. Trees have wantonly been cut down in most parts of Balaka north. Standard global climate models can only represent these key systems indirectly but the new models are capable of representing thunderstorms systems adequately for the first time. UMFULA, with government stakeholders, co-produced a Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) Model to project the range of future lake levels between 2021-2050 for Lake Malawi. How can we improve the use of information for a climate-resilient Malawi? It is a threat which can only be tackled with immediate global action. “Reversing the reversal” will require responding effectively to COVID-19, conflict, and climate change while not losing focus on the challenges that most poor people continue to face most of the time. At the country level, the results showed a – 5.4 % to + 24.6 % change in annual rainfall, a − 5.0 % to + 3.1 % change in annual evapotranspiration, from – 7.5 % to over + 50 % change in annual surface runoff and water yield, and up to an 11.5% increase in annual soil moisture. The most serious ones have been dry spells, seasonal droughts, intense rainfall, riverine floods and flash floods. This dataset measures climate change impacts on Malawi's water resources. Climate change impacts the poorest more than the wealthy. What does Africa want from the UN climate summit? Already, temperature increases and changing precipitation patterns are harming agricultural growth. Climate change is an area where international action and co-operation are vital. Climate narratives What have we tried? Apart from causing the lack of access to water supply, drought derails the economic progress for communities. FRACTAL aims to explore the decision-making process in southern African cities, and to support how cities respond to the impact of climate change and the pressures of rapid social, economic, and environmental change. We have new insights brought through that scientific ingenuity. About 85% of the population is based in rural areas with women forming 51% of the population and life expectancy as low as 40 years. While little research exists to prove an explicit link in Malawi, it is also expected that climate change will have negative human health impacts through increased incidence of malaria, cholera and diarrhoea (Irish Aid, 2015). Africa's complex climate system is, unusually, influenced by the three main global ocean basins. This dataset measures climate change impacts on Malawi's water resources. Projections of climate change depend on climate models of which there are dozens, each as complicated to understand as the real world. Like many other developing countries, Malawi has not been spared from the severe impacts of climate change. Video produced by the CCKE, UMFULA and HyCRISTAL on the impacts of climate change on tea in Kenya and Malawi. The Blantyre City Council’s decision to research turning waste to energy in order to increase energy supply for the city was used as an exemplar to explore the different values that guide decision-making. Emerging from one of those rapidly warming oceans, tropical cyclones Idai and Kenneth in March and April 2019 destroyed parts of Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi, with Kenneth following a particularly unusual path over Tanzania. so under the impacts of climate change – although changes in the total volume of rainfall is uncertain. Evidence points to Western industrial aerosol pollution, which cooled parts of the global ocean, thereby altering the monsoon system, as a cause. The Sahara is the world's largest desert with the deepest layer of intense heating anywhere on Earth. Climate Risk Narratives: envisioning possible futures for your city. The results point unambiguously to an increase in both rainfall intensity and the length of dry spells, and we have strong reason to believe them. 2.0 Impacts of Climate Change in Different Sectors 2.1 Agricultural sector Malawi relies on rain-fed agriculture, and the current droughts have resulted in poor crop yields or total crop failure, leading to serious food shortages, hunger and malnutrition. Just like other developing countries, climate change is impacting on many Malawians human rights, undercutting their right to health, food, safe drinking water, self determination and privacy and adequate standards of living, most touching fact is that most of these rights violations have fallen on citizens who least contributed to the problem, for example their children who are threatened off their right to life. FCFA’s research in Malawi was carried out by FRACTAL in the city of Blantyre and UMFULA in Lake Malawi and the Shire River Basin. In June and July the most extensive and most intense dust storms found anywhere on the planet fill the air with fine particles that interfere with climate in ways we don't quite understand. Temperatures there are predicted to rise by five degrees or more, particularly in the parts of Namibia, Botswana and Zambia that are already intolerably hot. He also covered the rationale and objectives of the CSA project and provided some examples of the CSA project activities in Malawi. Climate change will have wide-ranging effects on the environment, and on socio-economic and related sectors, including water resources, agriculture and food security, human health, terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity and coastal zones. were developed through initial socio-economic narratives which were co-produced with stakeholders living and working in Blantyre to describe three possible futures for the city. .css-po6dm6-ItalicText{font-style:italic;}Richard Washington is a professor of climate science at the School of Geography and the Environment at Oxford University in the UK. Climate change training increased the probability of farmers using improved varieties by 4% and irrigation by 22% (largely because the major effect of climate change in Malawi has been dry spells and droughts). The urgency for adaptation is highlighted by projections from the three reports produced by the IPCC in 2007 (IPCC 2007). Variability in projections underlines the need for robust decision-making in light of uncertainty to make choices that will perform well regardless of future conditions and, UMFULA aimed to improving the understanding of the. But on the scientific front there is hope. Adaptation is identified as one of the options to abate the negative impacts of the changing climate. Close collaborations with partners in the Shire River Basin allowed co- exploration of adaptation options for robust decision-making. Flooding has also severely disrupted food production in several districts of the country. Impacts of climate change on Malawi’s agricultural system and food security. Cyclone Idai: 'We saw 200 bodies by the roadside'. The analysis also provides an important contribution to the limited evidence base on climate impacts in Africa more generally and will support programmes to promote adaptation policies for sustainable agricultural development. , supported through the FCFA Innovation Fund, provided useful initial insight into the values guiding decision-making in the city, which are largely driven by the mandates of different government sectors. presentation2 on the effects of climate change in Malawi. The biophysical effects of climate change on agriculture induce changes in production and prices, altering crop mix, input use, production, food demand, food consumption, and trade. However, the large number of roads translates to maintenance savings as Zambia contains a significant … The new factor is climate change, says Mac Bain Mkandawire, executive director of Youth Net and Counselling, which campaigns for the rights of women and children from its base in Zomba, Malawi. 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